Unit 13 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 13 Deck (22):
1

idea that the government should not intervene in the economy or with market forces

Laissez-faire

2

British reformer on sanitation; Proved disease was related to filth, lack of drainage, sewers, and garbage collection

Edwin Chadwick

3

Disease caused by noxious odors of decay and excrement

miasmatic theory of disease

4

Diseases caused by specific living organisms

germ theory of disease

5

helped prove germ theory in his studies on beer fermentation

Louis Pasteur

6

devised antiseptic principle; hands and instruments should be sterilized before surgery

Joseph Lister

7

1st to isolate bacteria; aided in development of vaccines

Robert Koch

8

French leader who commissioned urban re-design of Paris in 1860s and 1870s

Napoleon III

9

urban re-designer of Paris

Georges Haussmann

10

term for highly skilled working class; construction bosses and foremen

labor aristocracy

11

famous dance hall in late 19th century Paris

Moulin Rouge

12

physically deformed artist; depicted Parisian "underbelly" of prostitutes in his art

Henri de Toulouse Lautrec

13

idea that men worked outside the home and women worked in the home

separate spheres

14

said mental illness often had its roots in the REPRESSIVE nature of middle-class families

Sigmund Freud

15

experiments with electromagnetism led to developments in electric motor design

Michael Faraday

16

He applied this scientific way of looking at the world to human origins, which was the traditional realm of RELIGION; wrote On the Origin of Species

Charles Darwin

17

one of the founders of the concept of social Darwinism

Herbert Spencer

18

Literary and artistic movement that said art should depict life exactly as it was

Realism

19

Auguste Comte

He said science could solve SOCIAL problems; one of the founders of modern sociology

20

Emile Zola

wrote Germinal about coalminers strike; most famous of realist authors

21

Leo Tolstoy

wrote War and Peace, realist novel on Napoleonic invasion of Russia

22

Gustave Courbet

most famous realist painter