Unit 19 Flashcards Preview

AP Euro > Unit 19 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 19 Deck (36):
1

An era of tension between the USA and Soviet Union that lasted from roughly 1945 to 1990

Cold War

2

USA, GB, USSR agree eastern Europe will have free elections AND govt’s that are pro-Russian

Yalta Conference

3

President Truman demands immediate, free elections in eastern Europe

Potsdam Conference

4

postwar US foreign policy that sought to limit the spread of communism

containment

5

1st two countries where containment was applied

Greece and Turkey

6

program for Europe that included $13 billion in direct monetary aid

Marshall Plan

7

city that was blockaded by the Soviets in 1948; Truman responded with an airlift

Berlin

8

western military alliance in Cold War

NATO

9

eastern (communist) military alliance in Cold War

Warsaw Pact

10

political party that dominated West Germany as well as many other western European countries in the postwar era; provided effective political leadership

Christian Democrats

11

left-wing British party that implemented national health insurance and nationalized some industries

Labour Party

12

economist who believed in deficit spending to stimulate the economy in recessions

John Maynard Keynes

13

French economist; helped build European economic unity with the Common Market

Jean Monnet

14

German economist who helped rebuild West German economy

Ludwig Erhard

15

first attempt at economic union in Europe

European Coal and Steel Community (1952)

16

reduced European tariffs on all goods in member states and allowed for freer movement of labor

European Economic Community (Common Market)

17

created the Common Market

Treaty of Rome

18

colonial conflict that caused the downfall of the Fourth French Republic

Algerian War

19

French nationalist leader that created the Fifth French Republic; President from 1958-1969

Charles de Gaulle

20

process by which European nations gave up their colonies

decolonization

21

area of Middle East Britain ruled after World War II

British Mandate of Palestine

22

British promise to give Jews a homeland in the Middle East

Balfour Declaration of 1917

23

communist leader of Yugoslavia who maintained independence from the Soviet Union

Josip Broz (Tito)

24

Soviet leader who assumed power after Stalin's death; denounced Stalin's atrocities

Nikita Khrushchev

25

written by Pasternak; criticized communist state

Doctor Zhivago

26

written by Solzhenitsyn; described life in a gulag

One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

27

rebelled against Soviet rule in 1956

Hungary

28

rebellion against Soviet rule in Czechoslovakia in 1968

Prague Spring

29

Czech leader of Prague Spring

Alexander Dubcek

30

Soviet policy that vowed to crush any rebellions against communist rule in eastern Europe

Brezhnev Doctrine

31

Scientific research backed by govt’s and corporations that could finance it with huge sums of $$

Big Science

32

wrote The Second Sex

Simone de Beauvoir

33

experienced major student revolts in 1968

University of Paris

34

A relaxation of tensions b/w the West and East

detente

35

implemented a policy of reconciliation with the east; known for asking forgiveness of the German crimes of WWII

Willy Brandt

36

conservative Prime Minister of Great Britain who privatized British industry

Margaret Thatcher