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Flashcards in Unit 2 Deck (30):
1

an intellectual and cultural “re-birth” from 1350-1600

Renaissance

2

The Lives of the Most Excellent Painters, Sculptors, and Architects; Saw his era as directly related to ancient Greece and Rome, NOT to “Dark Ages”

Georgio Vasari

3

Renaissance intellectual that created term "Dark Ages"

Petrarch

4

combo of free men seeking independence from local nobles (who owned land) AND nobles who moved to city for $$$$

Urban nobility

5

middle-level merchants/businessmen in Renaissance cities who couldn't vote and were heavily taxed

Popolo

6

most famous revolt of popolo in Florence in 1378

Ciompi Revolt

7

despots, or one-man rule

Signori

8

mercenaries in Renaissance Italian cities

Condottierri

9

rule by a few people or small group

Oligarchies

10

most senior elected official in Venice

Doge

11

ruling family of Florence

Medici

12

Stressed personality, uniqueness, genius, full development of one’s talents, quest for glory

Renaissance individualism

13

studied classics to understand human nature and uniqueness of humans

Renaissance humanism

14

dominant ideals shifted toward “here and now” (often acquisition of material things)

Renaissance secularism

15

term to describe Renaissance from 1500-1527; dominated by Rome

“High Renaissance”

16

era of Renaissance dominated by Mannersim

"Late Renaissance"

17

Artistic style of distorted figures, confusing themes

Mannerism

18

Pico della Mirandola; man is special because God made him in His image

On the Dignity of Man

19

Castiglione; Ideal man is multi-lingual, educated in humanities, skilled in arts (a “Renaissance man”)

The Courtier

20

Lorenzo Valla; used textual criticism to show Roman emperor did NOT turn western Roman empire over to pope in 4th century

Donation of Constantine

21

Christine de Pisan; Women should be given humanist education as well

The City of Ladies

22

Lorenzo Valla; sensual pleasure highest good

On Pleasure

23

Machiavelli; How a ruler should gain, maintain, and increase POWER

The Prince

24

Use of contrasts between light and dark to create three dimensional figures

Chiaroscuro

25

All elements in painting converge on single point in distance to create depth and realism

Single point perspective

26

Leonardo da Vinci

The Last Supper

27

each letter was carved and re-arranged; perfected by Johann Gutenberg, Johann Fust, Peter Schoeffer

Movable type

28

Erasmus of Rotterdam; Criticized Church, said it had moved away from its original ideas

In Praise of Folly

29

Thomas More; Described perfect world where everyone was educated in classics and property did not exist; said key to reform was to reform things (property) that made people bad

Utopia

30

Alberti; woman's job was to stay at home, serving of meals, education of children, supervising servants

On the Family