Unit 20 Flashcards Preview

AP Euro > Unit 20 > Flashcards

Flashcards in Unit 20 Deck (29):
1

Czech revolt against against hard-line communist rule in 1968; crushed by Soviets

Prague Spring

2

Soviet crack-down on eastern Europe and Soviet society under Leonid Brezhnev

re-Stalinization

3

Soviet writer exiled for writing One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich

Alexandr Solzhenitsyn

4

said the Soviets would intervene in eastern Europe to put down attempts at reform or revolution

Brezhnev Doctrine

5

Agents of the govt in the Soviet Union who had access to special, well-stocked stores

apparatchiki

6

Soviet leader from 1964 to 1982 who introduced re-Stalinization

Leonid Brezhnev

7

Soviet leader who came to power in 1985 and introduced reforms

Mikhail Gorbachev

8

"restructuring" of the Soviet economy; limited free market reforms

perestroika

9

"openess" or freedom of speech

glasnost

10

Polish pope who spoke out against communism and secretly worked for its downfall

Pope John Paul II

11

Polish labor union that demanded free trade unions, freedom of speech, economic reforms, release of political prisoners

Solidarity

12

leader of major Polish labor union; later became 1st non-communist leader of postwar Poland

Lech Walesa

13

Poland's elimination of secret police, dismissal of Communist ministers, and implementation of free market reforms

"shock therapy"

14

1st country to dismantle "iron curtain"

Hungary

15

Czech intellectual who became 1st non-communist President of Czechoslovkia in postwar era

Vaclav Havel

16

name for the dissolution of Czech communist party; applied to most other eastern European revolutions in 1989

Velvet Revolution

17

Romanian communist leader who was executed in 1989 revolutions

Nicolae Ceausescu

18

only country in which 1989 revolutions were violent

Romania

19

Former Communist who embraced democracy and Russian nationalism; President of Russia after communism's collapse

Boris Yeltsin

20

West German Christian Democratic leader who led German reunification

Helmut Kohl

21

agreement that essentially ended Cold War in 1990 and recognized existing European borders

Paris Accords

22

Islamic territory that seeks to break away from Russia

Chechnya

23

Serb leader implicated in the "ethnic cleansing" of Croats and Bosnians in 1993 Yugoslav Civil War

Slobodan Milosevic

24

ended Yugoslav Civil War; gave 51% of Bosnia to Bosnians and 49% to Serbs

Dayton Accords

25

terrorist group that seeks to separate Northern Ireland from the United Kingdom

Irish Republican Army

26

Basque terrorist group that seeks to separate Basque country from Spain and France

ETA

27

left-wing terrorist group in West Germany; sought to start communist revolution in 1970s

Baader Meinhof Gang

28

created the European Union and called for the creation of the Euro

Maastricht Treaty

29

common currency of most EU states

Euro