Unit 15 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 15 Deck (27):
1

battle in which Italy lost 6,000 soldiers to Ethiopians in 1894

Adowa

2

diamond company founded by Cecil Rhodes

De Beers

3

he applied Darwin’s concept of “natural selection” to ENTIRE groups of people

Herbert Spencer

4

the French concept that said it was their duty to spread French culture to "inferior" peoples

the civilizing mission

5

the British concept that said it was their duty to spread British culture to "inferior" peoples

the White Man's Burden

6

British poet who popularized the notion of the White Man's Burden

Rudyard Kipling

7

idea that the “New” Imperialism was caused by a desire to alleviate the social problems caused by industrialization

Social imperialism

8

idea that the “New” Imperialism was caused by the Europeans’ desire to protect their established interests from being seized by native peoples

peripheral explanation

9

critic of imperialism; said rush to acquire colonies was due to capitalism’s need to invest surplus money

J A Hobson

10

author whose Heart of Darkness criticized European greed and racism

Joseph Conrad

11

product grown in India that reversed the balance of trade between Britain and China

opium

12

ended the First Opium War; gave Hong Kong to Britain

Treaty of Nanking

13

Egyptian leader who led modernization movement and attracted European investment to Egypt

Muhammad Ali

14

north African colony of France

Algeria

15

Dutch farmer in South Africa

Boer

16

language of Dutch farmers in South Africa

Afrikaans

17

movement of Dutch farmers inland after British took Cape Town in South Africa

Great Trek

18

The European takeover of the rest of the African continent from 1882-1900

Scramble for Africa

19

conflict between British and Dutch Afrikaners over control of South Africa from 1899-1902

Boer War

20

British imperialist in Africa; established diamond trade and gold mines

Cecil Rhodes

21

British explorer who explored Congo for Belgian king

Henry Stanley

22

king of Belgium who conquered and exploited Congo for rubber wealth

King Leopold II

23

International conference on Africa that established the principle of “effective occupation”

Berlin Conference

24

site of massacre of British troops by Sudanese Muslims in 1885

Khartoum

25

site of British victory over Sudanese Muslims in 1898

Omdurman

26

last traditional rebellion against British rule in India

Great Rebellion of 1857

27

period in which Japan modernized along western lines

Meiji Restoration