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Flashcards in Unit 11 Deck (37):
1

time after the defeat of Napoleon when conservatives restored many of the monarchies that were overthrown during the French Revolutionary period (1789-1815)

Restoration Europe

2

established the conservative European diplomatic system that would dominate the Restoration period (1815-1848)

Congress of Vienna

3

International equilibrium of political and military power that would discourage future aggression

balance of power

4

French dynasty

Bourbons

5

weak association of German states dominated by Prussia and Austria

German Confederation

6

Austrian Foreign Minister whose Congress system dominated the period from 1815-1850

Prince Klemens von Metternich

7

political ideology that believes in maintaining status quo; it dominated the period 1815-1850

Conservatism

8

agreement between Prussian, Austria, and Russia that vowed to crush forces of change wherever they popped up

Holy Alliance

9

laws that instituted university censorship in German Confederation

Karlsbad Decrees

10

held in response to revolutions in Spain and Kingdom of Two Sicilies; declared intervention by conservative powers

Troppau Conference

11

Political ideology that believed in ideas of the EARLY French Revolution

liberalism

12

economic idea that government should interfere in the economy minimally

laissez faire

13

Idea that a group has its own identity that unites it and that should result in autonomy

nationalism

14

nationalism based on language, religion, history, or "race"

cultural nationalism

15

nationalism based on a set of common ideas

civic nationalism

16

19th century movement that sought to overcome income inequality by appealing to middle class and state to help poor

Utopian socialism

17

19th century movement that sought to overcome income inequality by fomenting revolution of poor against middle class and state

Marxian socialism

18

believed “parasites” (court, aristocracy) should give way to “doers” (engineers, scientists)and that all institutions should aim to help poor

Count Henri de Saint Simon

19

German intellectual who believed a revolution of the proletariat would overthrow exploitation by bourgeois middle class

Karl Marx

20

outlined dialectical materialism and called on workers of the world to unite against the middle class; published in 1848

The Communist Manifesto

21

term for wealthy middle class

bourgeoisie

22

term for working class

proletariat

23

19th century cultural revolt against classicism and the Enlightenment

Romanticism

24

leader of Greek revolt against Ottoman Turks

Alexander Ypsilanti

25

term to describe Ottoman Empire in 19th century

sick man of Europe

26

English Romantic poet who died in war for Greek independence

Lord Byron

27

British laws that outlawed importation of foreign grain

Corn Laws

28

Massive protests by urban laborers against Corn Laws; resulted in numerous deaths

Battle of Peterloo

29

British law that increased male suffrage and made House of Commons more powerful

Reform Bill of 1832

30

Demanded universal suffrage for males (1839, 1842, 1848)

Chartist Movement

31

Bourbon monarch restored to French throne in 1815; granted liberal constitutional charter

Louis XVIII

32

Bourbon monarch from 1824-1830; conservative; overthrown in 1830 Revolution

Charles X

33

known as "Citizen King"; reigned from 1830 to 1848

Louis Philippe

34

elected French president in 1848; later became Emperor Napoleon III

Louis Napoleon

35

placed on Austrian throne after failed Revolution of 1848 in Vienna; ruled Austria from 1848 to 1916

Franz Joseph

36

Prussian king during Revolution of 1848; turned down German throne because he would not accept a "crown from the gutter"

Frederick William IV

37

liberal body that tried to write new constitution for a united Germany in 1848; offered throne of united Germany to Prussian king, but he turned it down

Frankfurt Assembly