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Flashcards in Unit 6 Deck (23):
1

form of feudal bondage in which a peasant was 1) obligated to stay on a piece of land (couldn’t move) 2) obligated to give service to a lord

serfdom

2

weak political entity in central Europe largely composed of the German-speaking states

Holy Roman Empire

3

Austrian city laid siege to by the Ottoman Turks in the 1690s

Vienna

4

Austrian ruling dynasty

Habsburgs

5

Prussian ruling dynasty

Hohenzollerns

6

Russian ruling dynasty

Romanovs

7

Charles VI’s attempt to guarantee that his daughter could inherit Habsburg lands without a challenge and KEEP THESE THREE TERRITORIES INTACT

Pragmatic Sanction

8

this nation consistently resisted Habsburg rule and won privileges in return for accepting Habsburgs

Hungary

9

first Hohenzollern to build Prussia into a great power

Frederick William the Great Elector

10

Prussian nobility and land-owning class

Junkers

11

Prussian "Soldier King"; created militaristic society and strong, centralized bureaucracy

Frederick William I

12

first great Russian state-builder; tsar of Muscovy

Ivan the Terrible

13

Russian nobility and land-owning class

boyars

14

Russian ruler; from Latin "caesar"

tsar

15

period of Russian unrest following Ivan the Terrible's death

Time of Troubles

16

peasants who fled east out of the tsar’s reach during period of Russian state-building

Cossacks

17

greatest of the Russian state-builders; utilized western technology and built a city that was called the "window to the west"

Peter the Great

18

war between Russia and Sweden; resulted in Russia gaining Estonia and Latvia

Great Northern War (1700-1721)

19

emotional form of art and architecture that dominated the 1600s

Baroque

20

palace of Louis XIV; influenced other palaces in 1600s and 1700s

Versailles

21

palace of Habsburgs; modeled on Versailles; located in Vienna

Schoenbrunn

22

built starting in 1702; began as military fortress; became Russia's "window to the west"

St Petersburg

23

Baroque Russian palace built by Russian Empress Elizabeth

Winter Palace