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Flashcards in Unit 5 Deck (19):
1

having a monopoly of power over justice (laws) and force (army) within clearly defined state boundaries

Sovereignty

2

wrote The Trew Law of Free Monarchy (1598)

James I

3

idea that the power of a king came from God

divine right theory

4

Chief minister to King Louis XIII; sought subordination of aristocracy to king

Richelieu

5

his attempts to raise revenue led to the Fronde

Mazarin

6

noble revolts against Louis XIII and Mazarin

the Fronde

7

the "Sun King"; centralized French monarchy; built Versailles

Louis XIV

8

Minister of Finance under Louis XIV

Jean-Baptiste Colbert

9

war in which Louis XIV tried to expand power; claimed Spanish throne for his grandson

War of Spanish Succession

10

Louis' grandson becomes king of Spain; France loses North American territory

Peace of Utrecht

11

Enacted laws to limit the power of Charles I fro 1640-1660

Long Parliament

12

period in English history in which power was technically held by Parliament (b/c their forces had beheaded Charles)

The Commonwealth

13

English monarch beheaded by Parliamentary forces in 1649

Charles I

14

Parliamentary military leader during the period of the Commonwealth in England

Oliver Cromwell

15

when English Protestants asked James II's Protestant daughter Mary to assume throne with her Dutch husband (William of Orange)

The Glorious Revolution (1688-89)

16

said Parliament would make laws; establish constitutional monarchy

English Bill of Rights

17

govts are set up to protect life, liberty, property; All men have “natural rights” (given by God); If govt oversteps its function it’s tyranny; Then people have RIGHT to rebel

Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)

18

he wrote Second Treatise of Civil Government (1690)

John Locke

19

political theorist under Louis XIV who advocated for absolute monarchy

Jacques Bossuet