Wk 1 Head and Neck Cancer Flashcards Preview

Med Surg I > Wk 1 Head and Neck Cancer > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wk 1 Head and Neck Cancer Deck (14)
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1
Q

What causes 85% of head and neck cancers?

A

Tobacco use

2
Q

Who is most likely to get head and neck cancers?

A

More likely men over the age of 50

3
Q

If under the age of 50, the cancer is most likely associated with…

A

HPV

4
Q

What is the first line treatment for head and neck cancer?

A

Surgery

5
Q

5 surgical interventions for head and neck cancer

A

Vocal cord stripping, laryngectomy, tracheostomy, lymph node removal, neck dissection

6
Q

3 methods of restoring oral communication after a laryngectomy

A

artificial larynx (electrolarnyx), tracheoesophageal voice restoration, esophageal speech

7
Q

What is the vibratory source of esophageal speech?

A

pharyngoesophageal (PE) segment

8
Q

What is the driving force for speech production in esophageal speech?

A

Oral air that is introduced into the esophagus and expelled past the PE

9
Q

What is the advantage of esophageal speech?

A

Hands free and no devices needed

10
Q

What are the disadvantages of esophageal speech?

A

Takes a long time to learn the technique and quality of speech is not as good as others.

11
Q

Removal of all tissue on side of the neck

A

radical neck dissection

12
Q

What does a radical neck dissection include?

A

From mandible to clavicle including muscle, nerve, salivary glands, and major blood vessels

13
Q

Number one concern with radical neck dissection

A

airway maintenance

14
Q

What is an expected finding for post op radical neck dissection?

A

blood tinged sputum