Wk 4 Infections, Infestations, Benign Disorders Flashcards Preview

Med Surg I > Wk 4 Infections, Infestations, Benign Disorders > Flashcards

Flashcards in Wk 4 Infections, Infestations, Benign Disorders Deck (64)
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1
Q

What are 2 bacterial dermal infections?

A

Impetigo
Cellulitis

2
Q

What are the risk factors for dermal bacterial infections? (5)

A

Excess moisture
Obesity
Atopic dermatitis
Systemic corticosteroid or abx use
Diabetes 2 or other chronic diseases

3
Q

This is an example of…

A

Impetigo

4
Q

Impetigo is a __ infection

A

bacterial

5
Q

This is an example of…

A

Cellulitis

6
Q

Cellulitis is a __ infection

A

bacterial

7
Q

What bacteria is usually responsible for cellulitis and impetigo?

A

Staph aureus

B-hemolytic streptococci

8
Q

In bacterial infections of the skin, if there is exxudate present…

A

the drainage is also infectious

9
Q

What should you encourage as the nurse for bacterial skin infections?

A

Good skin hygiene and infection control

10
Q

What is cellulitis?

A

Inflammation of the subcutaneous tissue

11
Q

What does cellulitis look like?

A

Hot

Tender

Erythematous are with diffuse borders

12
Q

What systemic symptoms might a person with cellulitis have?

A

Chills

Malaise

Fever

13
Q

What is localized treatment for cellulitis?

A

Moist heat, immobilization, elevation

14
Q

What is systemic treatment for cellulitis?

A

Antibiotics

Hospitalization if severe

15
Q

What can happen if a patient doesn’t get treated for cellulitis?

A

Gangrene and limb loss

16
Q

This is an example of…

A

Cellulitis

17
Q

List 4 examples of viral skin infections

A

Herpes simplex

Herpes Zoster

HPV

Warts

18
Q

What is Herpes Zoster?

A

Shingles, actication of the varicella-zoster virus

19
Q

What are the symtpms of Shingles? (3)

A

Burning pain

Neuralgia

Dermatome

20
Q

What is the vaccine for Shingles?

A

Zostavas

21
Q

What is the age recommendation for the Shingles vaccine?

A

Anyone over the age of 60

22
Q

What is neuralgia?

A

Nerve pain

23
Q

What is dermatome?

A

an area of skin in which sensory nerves derive from a single spinal nerve root

24
Q

What type of fungal infection is on the mouth, in the vagina, and the skin?

A

Candidiasis

25
Q

What is the other type of fungal infection? (3)

A

Tinea corporis

Tinea cruris

Tinea pedis

26
Q

What is Tinea corporis?

A

Ringworm

27
Q

What is tinea cruris?

A

Jock itch

28
Q

What is Tinea pedis?

A

Athlete’s foot

29
Q

Most fungal infections are…

A

harmless, but can be embarrassing

30
Q

What parts of the body are more susceptible to fungal infections?

A

Skin, hair, nails

31
Q

This is an example of…

A

Tinea cruris (jock itch)

32
Q

This is an example of…

A

Tinea corporis (ringworm)

33
Q

This is an example of…

A

Tinea pedis (athlete’s foot)

34
Q

What is benign dermatitis?

A

Contact dermatitis

35
Q

What are 2 examples of life threatening dermatitis?

A

Stephen Johnson Syndrome

Toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN)

36
Q

Life threatening dermatitis is usually…

A

Immune responses in response to a severe adverse reaction to a medication or infection

37
Q

Life-threatening dermatitis causes acute destruction of the…

A

epithelium of the skin and mucous membranes

38
Q

What are the systemic symptoms of a life-threatening dermatitis?

A

Fever

Cough

Headache

Anorexia

Myalgia

Nausea

39
Q

Systemic symptoms of a life-threatening dermatitus precede skin and membrane findings by…

A

1-3 days

40
Q

This is an example of…

A

Contact dermatitis

41
Q

List 4 examples of infestations and insect bites

A

Lice

Bedbugs

Ticks

Scabies

42
Q

What is the medical term for lice?

A

Pediculosis

43
Q

What is typically the cause of the reaction of infestations and insect bites?

A

Allergy to venom

44
Q

What else can be the cause of the reaction to a insect bite or infestation?

A

Related to the eggs, feces, or body parts of the invading organism

45
Q

What are three teaching points for the prevention of infestations and insect bites?

A

Prevent insect bites by avoidance and repellents

Use meticulous hygiene

Routine skin inspections

46
Q

What is a scenario where skin infection is particularly important to prevent infestation/insect bites?

A

Traveling to high-risk areas, especially tick bites

47
Q

Psoriasis is a __ skin problem

A

Benign

48
Q

What is psoriasis?

A

Chronic autoimmune disease

49
Q

What is psoriasis characterized by?

A

Typically lesions that are distinct, red, scaling

50
Q

What is the most common form of psoriasis?

A

Plaque psoriasis

51
Q

Where on the body is psoriasis most common?

A

Knees

Elbows

Hands

Lower back

52
Q

What age range does psoriasis usually develop?

A

15-35 years

53
Q

Psoriasis is __

A

familial

54
Q

Up to 40% of patients with psoriasis will develop…

A

psoriatic arthritis

55
Q

What are two important things to note about psoriasis?

A

It can be painful and be emotionally disabling

56
Q

This is an example…

A

Psoriasis

57
Q

What is phototherapy (ultraviolet light) used to treat?

A

Psoriasis

58
Q

What is radiation therapy used to treat?

A

Basal and squamous cell carcinomas

59
Q

Steroids can cause what effect on skin?

A

atrophy of the skin

60
Q

What do immunomodulators do?

A

Suppresses overactive immune system

61
Q

What is skin maceration?

A

When skin is in contact with moisture for too long. Macerated skin looks lighter in color and wrinkly. It may feel soft, wet, or soggy to the touch

62
Q

What temperature should a patient’s bath be relating to skin problems?

A

Tepid because if it is too hot it will contribute to itching

63
Q

What are 5 things a nurse can do to help with care of these skin issues?

A

Wet compresses

Baths

Hygienic practices

Topical meds

Control of pruritis

64
Q

How can a nurse help control pruritis? (5)

A

Cool environment

Hydration

Antipruritic creams

Systemic antihistamines

Avoid scratching