Wk 1 Epistaxis Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Wk 1 Epistaxis Deck (18)
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1
Q

What is epistaxis?

A

Nose bleed

2
Q

What causes epistaxis?

A

Irritation, trauma, infection, foreign bodies, tumors

3
Q

What concerning our blood vessels can cause epistaxis?

A

Hypertension

4
Q

What is a reason concerning our blood that can cause epistaxis?

A

Blood dyscrasia

5
Q

What does blood dyscrasia mean?

A

It is a nonspecific term meaning disease of the blood such as thrombocytopenia

6
Q

What type of systemic treatment can cause epistaxis?

A

Chemotherapy and anticoagulants

7
Q

Antidote for IV heparin

A

protamine sulfate

8
Q

Antidote for warfarin

A

vitamin K

9
Q

Treatment for an anterior nosebleed

A

Lean forward, reassure them, lateral pressure with ice, nasal tampons, tell them to avoid blowing nose

10
Q

Why is a posterior nosebleed an emergency?

A

Can’t stop the bleeding as easy, can’t pinch

11
Q

How to stop a posterior nosebleed

A

posterior packing (balloon catheter)

12
Q

Something to assess for posterior nosebleed

A

Assess respiratory status

13
Q

5 things to do for someone with a posterior nosebleed

A

Oxygen, humidification, bedrest, pain control and oral care

14
Q

If patient has a posterior nosebleed teach them to

A

avoid aspirin and NSAIDs that will thin their blood

15
Q

If patient has a posterior nosebleed teach them to avoid __ activities.

A

strenuous

16
Q

When you have an anterior nosebleed where do you pinch?

A

below the boney prominence

17
Q

What is a balloon catheter called that would be used to stop a posterior nosebleed?

A

tamponade

18
Q

What does tamponade mean?

A

To press