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Flashcards in 1.1 America before 1492 Deck (42):
1

Small foraging bands migrated along the ______________

Bering Land Bridge

2

When did early inhabitants encounter climate change?

8,000 BC

3

Where did the most sophisticated early plant cultivators live?

Mesoamerica

4

What was the staple crop of most groups?

Maize

5

What did the climate change result in?

The development of "Archaic Societies"

6

What group began to thrive in Mesoamerica around 1200 BC?

Olmecs

7

What group of people developed an extensive calendar, a numerical system and hieroglyphics?

Mayans

8

What group began to rise during 13th century?

Aztecs

9

How many residents did the capital city of Tenochtitlán have?

200,000 residents

10

What group had dominate power in the Andes mountains after 1438 and had the largest empire in South America?

Inca

11

Where and when did the Ancestral Pablo culture originate?

Where: "Four Corners" region (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado)

When: 1 AD

12

What did the Hohokam culture do in when did it emerge?

Built canals and permanent towns and emerged around 300 AD

13

What was the Ancestral Pablo culture distinguished by?

Extensive agriculture

14

Where did mound builder cultures drive?

Ohio and Mississippi Valleys

15

What culture built the largest trading center near St. Louis?

Cahokia

16

Kinship

Often comprised of tight knit family groups

17

Matrilineal

Social standing was determined by the mother's bloodline

18

Reciprocity

Relationships were built on mutual exchange

19

Communal

The whole community shared ownership of resources

20

Naturalistic

Nature played a sacred role in most societies

21

What term did archaeologists used to describe the earliest groups?

Paleo-Indians

22

Small foraging bands migrated along the ______________

Bering Land Bridge

23

When did early inhabitants encounter climate change?

8,000 BC

24

Where did the most sophisticated early plant cultivators live?

Mesoamerica

25

What was the staple crop of most groups?

Maize

26

What did the climate change result in?

The development of "Archaic Societies"

27

What group began to thrive in Mesoamerica around 1200 BC?

Olmecs

28

What group of people developed an extensive calendar, a numerical system and hieroglyphics?

Mayans

29

What group began to rise during 13th century?

Aztecs

30

How many residents did the capital city of Tenochtitlán have?

200,000 residents

31

What group had dominate power in the Andes mountains after 1438 and had the largest empire in South America?

Inca

32

Where and when did the Ancestral Pablo culture originate?

Where: "Four Corners" region (Arizona, New Mexico, Utah, Colorado)

When: 1 AD

33

What did the Hohokam culture do in when did it emerge?

Built canals and permanent towns and emerged around 300 AD

34

What was the Ancestral Pablo culture distinguished by?

Extensive agriculture

35

Where did mound builder cultures drive?

Ohio and Mississippi Valleys

36

What culture built the largest trading center near St. Louis?

Cahokia

37

Kinship

Often comprised of tight knit family groups

38

Matrilineal

Social standing was determined by the mother's bloodline

39

Reciprocity

Relationships were built on mutual exchange

40

Communal

The whole community shared ownership of resources

41

Naturalistic

Nature played a sacred role in most societies

42

What term did archaeologists used to describe the earliest groups?

Paleo-Indians