2.1 The Road To Revolution Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.1 The Road To Revolution Deck (25):
1

How long did the French and Indian War last?

1754-1763

2

What was the French and Indian War also known as?

The seven years war

3

What did the Albany Plan do?

Called for colonial confederation to provide defense; "Join or Die"

4

While the Albany plan tried to get colonies to unite, what ended up happening?

Colonies didn't want to unite; they believed it was the other colonies problem

5

When the French and Indian War ended in 1763, what treaty was signed?

Peace of Paris

6

What was the main effect of the 7 years war?

War debt

7

What happened due to war debt?

Salutary Neglect ended because colonists refused to help pay the debt

8

Pontiac's Rebellion

In Ohio valley, the Ottawons refused to hand over land conquered by Britain, so they attacked Britain until they subdued rebellion

9

Proclamation of 1763

Set a "Proclamation Line" that blocked settlement west of the Appalachian mountains; signed by George III

10

Stamp Act

1765; first direct tax on colonists as a payment plan for war debt

11

Who made up the phrase "no taxation without representation" in response to the Stamp Act?

Patrick Henry

12

Stamp Act Congress

Group that agreed that crown could impose external taxes but only local elected officials could impose internal taxes

13

Who made up the "virtual representation" argument?

Prime Minister Grenville

14

Who were tax collectors harassed by?

Sons of Liberty (Samuel Adams)

15

Even though the boycott of British goods repealed the Stamp Act, what was it soon replaced by?

Declaratory Act

16

Townshend Acts of 1767

Harsher taxes/writs of assistance; considered external taxes

17

What did the Sons of Liberty use to keep spirit of protest alive?

Committees of Correspondence

18

What did the Quartering Act cause?

Boston Massacre

19

Tea Act of 1773

Taxes tea, which brought more taxation resentment

20

Coercive Acts

Revoked MA's charter, expanded Quartering Act, passed Quebec Act (expanded borders, encouraged Catholicism)

21

Intolerable Acts

The name given to the Coercive Acts by colonists

22

Enlightenment

Fueled revolutionary spirit that swept America

23

John Locke's theory of Natural Rights

Justified rebellion to protect natural rights of life, liberty, and property

24

First Continental Congress

1774- met in PA to discuss acceptable forms of protest and reaction, "Declaration of Rights and Grievances," created association to fork boycott committees

25

What did the Treaty of Utrecht cause more of?

Salutary Neglect