Flashcards in 2.1 The Road To Revolution Deck (25):
How long did the French and Indian War last?
What was the French and Indian War also known as?
The seven years war
What did the Albany Plan do?
Called for colonial confederation to provide defense; "Join or Die"
While the Albany plan tried to get colonies to unite, what ended up happening?
Colonies didn't want to unite; they believed it was the other colonies problem
When the French and Indian War ended in 1763, what treaty was signed?
Peace of Paris
What was the main effect of the 7 years war?
What happened due to war debt?
Salutary Neglect ended because colonists refused to help pay the debt
In Ohio valley, the Ottawons refused to hand over land conquered by Britain, so they attacked Britain until they subdued rebellion
Proclamation of 1763
Set a "Proclamation Line" that blocked settlement west of the Appalachian mountains; signed by George III
1765; first direct tax on colonists as a payment plan for war debt
Who made up the phrase "no taxation without representation" in response to the Stamp Act?
Stamp Act Congress
Group that agreed that crown could impose external taxes but only local elected officials could impose internal taxes
Who made up the "virtual representation" argument?
Prime Minister Grenville
Who were tax collectors harassed by?
Sons of Liberty (Samuel Adams)
Even though the boycott of British goods repealed the Stamp Act, what was it soon replaced by?
Townshend Acts of 1767
Harsher taxes/writs of assistance; considered external taxes
What did the Sons of Liberty use to keep spirit of protest alive?
Committees of Correspondence
What did the Quartering Act cause?
Tea Act of 1773
Taxes tea, which brought more taxation resentment
Revoked MA's charter, expanded Quartering Act, passed Quebec Act (expanded borders, encouraged Catholicism)
The name given to the Coercive Acts by colonists
Fueled revolutionary spirit that swept America
John Locke's theory of Natural Rights
Justified rebellion to protect natural rights of life, liberty, and property
First Continental Congress
1774- met in PA to discuss acceptable forms of protest and reaction, "Declaration of Rights and Grievances," created association to fork boycott committees