Unit 7 Vocab Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 Vocab Part 1 Deck (30):
1

Yellow journalism

exaggerated events, Hearst and Pulitzer fueled warfare + cause of Spanish-American war
ex: De Lome Letter, increased tension

2

1898 Treaty of Paris

ended Spanish-American war with negotiation of land

3

Causes of Spanish-American War

-"Yellow journalism," sinking of USS Maine (Spain was blamed), Teller Amendment (justified war effort), De Lôme Letter

4

Insular Cases

established by SC that constit. rights do not automatically extend to land acquired in Spanish-American War

5

Teller Amendment

promised independence to Cuba, justified US war effort

6

Platt Amendment

seven conditions to get US troops out of Cuba

7

Schenck v US

Espionage Act upheld, prevented use of mail to intervene w/ war efforts
Schenck mailed leaflets opposing draft, couldn't continue

8

League of Nations

peacekeeping organization est. after WW1, dispute without war, Wilson's ideas BUT US never joined

9

Open Door Policy

John Hay, ALL nations have equal opp. to any Chinese port open to trade
-no China consent, imperialism

10

Fourteen Points

Wilson prin. for world peace: open diplomacy, freedom of seas, creation of organization (later League of Nations), self-determination

11

Big Stick Diplomacy

Roosevelt, promoted US interests
peaceful but threatened with "big stick"

12

Dollar Diplomacy

Taft, strengthen US ties
promoting US trade, less militaristic, foreign investment, private fin. investment

13

Missionary Diplomacy

Wilson, America respon. to spread its institutions and values to far corners of globe

14

Panama Canal

connects Atlantic to Pacific ocean, key channel for international trade

15

The "lost generation"

didn't like US society anymore in 1920s, caused people such as Sinclair Lewis/ F. Scott to move to EU

16

Kellogg-Briand Pact

sixty-two nations pledged to not use war as instrument of policy
-if US, Germany or France broke they wouldn't get benefits

17

National Origins Act

quotas to restrict flow of EU immigrants

18

Creel Committee

aimed to sell America and world on Wilson's war goals

19

War Industries Board

coordinated purchase of war supplies for WW1:

20

Selective Service Act

made every adult male register for the draft at age of 18, helped US entry into WW1

21

Dawes Plan

Ease financial crisis in EU

22

Arabic Pledge, Sussex Pledge

no sinking of passenger/merchant ships w/o warning

23

Pacho Villa

killed many Americans in Mexico, US sent John Pershing to capture but he never did

24

Roosevelt Corollary

added to Monroe Doctrine, obstructed EU military intervention, assumed US right to "an international police power"

25

Zimmerman Telegram

Germany sec Zimmerman asked Mexico to attack US, rep. direct threat, hastened US entry into WW1

26

Lusitania

sunk by German u-boat, caused US to enter WW1 against Germans

27

Harlem Renaissance

black artistic and literary creativity in Harlem district of Manhattan

28

Flappers

challenged views of women, flaunted sexuality in public

29

Palmer Raids

disregarded basic civil liberties, against suspected communists/anarchists

30

1920s fundmentalism

liberal inter. of Bible
Scopes Trial: John T. Scopes convicted of teaching evolution, shows conflict in fundamentalism/modernism