Unit 8 Vocab Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8 Vocab Part 1 Deck (33):
1

Stimson Doctrine

US wouldn't recognize territory acquired by force

2

Good Neighbor Policy

FDR, American troops out of foreign nations (esp Latin America)

3

Henry Wallace

ran on New Progressive Party due to disagreement w/ Truman policy, caused Dem party to split even more

4

Neutrality Act of 1935

prohibited arms shipments and US travel on ships of belligerent nations

5

Neutrality Act of 1936

forbade loan and credit extension to belligerent nations

6

Neutrality Act of 1937

arms shipments not used in Spanish Civil War

7

Neutrality Act of 1939

"cash-and-carry" basis for EU dem buying American war materials

8

Lend-Lease Agreement

FDR authorized sale of surplus military equip while still being neutral

9

Executive Order 9066

allowed internment camps to be set up to exclude residents seen as threat

10

Dixiecrats

southern dem who seceded from party in 1948 in opp to its policy of extending civil rights

11

Youngstown Sheet/Tube v. Sawyer

sc decision that limited the power of the President

12

Fair Deal (Truman)

domestic reform policies, included civil rights legislation

13

NSC 86

top secret policy paper, presented to Truman, one of most important American policy statements in the Cold War

14

Munich Agreement (1938)

permitted Nazi Germany's annexation of certain parts of Czechoslovakia

15

Atlantic Charter

Churchill & FDR, promote democracy and intentions for improvement post WW2

16

Korematsu v US

relocation of Japanese Americans during WW2, raised constitutionality of their internment as a wartime necessity

17

Manhattan Project

developed first nuclear weapons during WW2, led by US w support of Canada and UK

18

War Productions Board

supervised war production during WW2, FDR established it

19

Office of Price Administration

in charge of stabilizing prices and rents during WW2

20

Zoot Suit Riots

series of brutal attacks, aimed toward Mexican-American teens involved in gangs

21

Yalta Conference

Big 3 (FDR, Churchill, Stalin), dealt w/ postwar occupation and partition of Germany

22

Potsdam Conference

Big 3, negotiated terms for WW2 compromise

23

FDR's "Four Freedoms" speech

speech in which FDR proposed four fundamental freedoms for people
freedom of speech, worship and freedom from want, fear

24

United Nations

replaced the League of Nations, new international peacekeeping organization, US joined which signaled end of isolationism

25

NATO

North Atlantic Treaty Organization
- defended dem nations of Western EU by using "collective security"

26

Warsaw Pact

communist alliance that the USSR led against NATO

27

Truman Doctrine

speech about military and economic aid to nations "at risk" of falling

28

"containment"/ George Kennan

official US policy toward communism, idea that US must prevent spread of communism

29

Marshall Plan

American initiative to aid Western Europe

30

Julius and Ethel Rosenberg

American citizens who spied for the Soviet Union, they were later executed

31

U-2 incident

spy plan caught over the Soviet Union, embarrassed the US

32

Alger Hiss

American gov official who was accused of being a Soviet spy in 1948

33

Dr. Robert Oppenheimer

played major role in developing atomic bomb but spoke out against its use and was labeled as a security risk