Unit 6 Significant Slideshow Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 Significant Slideshow Deck (58):
1

Stalwarts

Traditional members of the Republican Party that favored patronage (spoils system)

2

Half breeds

Moderate members of the Republican Party seeking civil service reform

3

Mugwumps

Activist members of the Republican Party that left in protest to corruption

4

Who invented the telephone?

Alexander graham bell

5

Who invented the sewing machine?

Isaac singer

6

Who revolutionized steel production?

Henry Bessemer

7

Horizontal integration

Elimination of competitors

8

Vertical integration

Gaining control of production and distribution process

9

John D Rockefeller

Dominated oil industry

10

Andrew Carnegie

Dominated steel industry

11

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Railroad tycoon

12

JP Morgan

Leader in banking and finance

13

Taylorism

System of scientific management

14

Tycoons

Used social Darwinism to justify wealth

15

Forgettable presidents

Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison

16

What case opened the door for labor unions?

Commonwealth v Hunt

17

Non union workers who worked for low wages

Scabs

18

Who led Pullman strike

Eugene v Debs

19

Members of IWW were referred to as

Wobblies

20

Knights of Labor

Wanted everyone to be able to work

21

Pullman strike

Railroad strike where they stopped Pullman cars for higher wages

22

Haymarket square riot

Downfall of KOL, policeman deaths

23

American federation of labor

Samuel Gompers, wanted skilled workers

24

What did Grangers want to do?

Breakhold of RR owners

25

What laws did states pass to regulate railroads?

Granger laws

26

What case overturned the Munn decision?

Wabash v Illinois

27

What did the populist party draft in 1892?

Omaha platform

28

Who led the army of jobless to DC

Jacob Coxey

29

What controversy was the Democratic Party split over in 1896?

Gold and silver

30

Who won the election of 1896?

William McKinley

31

Bimetalism

Two ways of standard (gold and silver)

32

Why did populism end?

Democratic support, Bryan's loss and improving farm prices

33

Cross of Gold speech

William J Bryan

34

Social Gospel

Influential reform movement

35

Who organized national grange?

Oliver H. Kelley

36

Slum

Dirty neighborhood

37

Ghetto

Ethnic slum (chinese, Scottish, ect.)

38

What made skyscrapers possible?

Elevators

39

Frederick Olmstead

Made city parks

40

Tammany Hall

A political machine

41

Thomas Nast

Showed that Boss Tweed was bad

42

Boss Tweed

Leader of Tammany hall

43

Plessy v Ferguson

Separate but equal

44

First time gov regulated an industry

Interstate commerce act

45

Sherman anti trust act

Prohibition of monopolies

46

Triangle Shirtwaist fire

Cause NYC to pass fire and safety laws

47

What book sparked the reform movement?

Jacob Riss' "how the other half lives"

48

Muckrakers

Reform minded journalists and writers

49

Ida Tarbell

Exposed Rockefeller

50

The Jungle

Exposed the meat industry

51

First progressive president

Theodore Roosevelt

52

Forest Reserve act

Set aside land for parks and protected resources

53

What improved public health

FDA and meat inspection act

54

What was Roosevelt known as?

Trust Buster

55

Northers Securities v US

Broke railroad monopoly

56

What stopped the spoils system?

Pendleton Civil Service Act

57

Court case that showed weakness for anti trust act

US v EC Knight

58

What was one shortcoming of laissez-faire gov?

Failed to protect workers and consumers