6.1 Industrialization Flashcards Preview

APUSH > 6.1 Industrialization > Flashcards

Flashcards in 6.1 Industrialization Deck (16):
1

What was one shortcoming of laissez-faire government?

Failed to protect workers and consumers

2

Stalwarts

Traditional members of the Republican Party that favored patronage (spoils system)

3

Half-Breeds

Moderate members of the Republican Party seeking civil service reform

4

Mugwumps

Activist members of the Republican Party that left in protest to corruption

5

Who invented the telephone?

Alexander Graham Bell

6

Who invented the sewing machine?

Isaac Singer

7

Who revolutionized steel production?

Henry Bessemer

8

Horizontal integration

Elimination of competitors

9

Vertical integration

Gaining control of production and distribution process

10

John D. Rockefeller

Dominated oil industry

11

Andrew Carnegie

Dominated steel industry

12

Cornelius Vanderbilt

Railroad tycoon

13

J.P. Morgan

Leader in banking and finance

14

Taylorism

System of scientific management developed by Frederick W. Taylor that was used to increase factory production and lower labor cost

15

Tycoons

Criticized as "robber barons", used Social Darwinism to justify wealth, believed in the "Gospel of Wealth"

16

Name one "forgettable" President

Hayes, Garfield, Arthur, Cleveland, Harrison