Unit 6 Vocab pt 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 Vocab pt 2 Deck (32):
1

Social Gospel

demanded better housing and living conditions for the poor

2

The "Gilded Age"

coined by Mark Twain, shiny surface masked reality

3

Taylorism

developed by Frederick W. Taylor, system of scientific management

4

Omaha Platform

platform for 1892 election, called for free coinage of silver and paper money

5

Pendleton Act

passed to stop "spoils system"

6

Chinese Exclusion Act

signed by President Arthur, prohibited all immigration of Chinese laborers

7

Niagara Movement

meeting of blacks at Niagara Falls, wanted end of segregation, economic opportunities, etc.

8

NAACP

wanted to end discrimination and segregation

9

Haymarket Square incident

began with protest against police brutality, dynamite bomb killed several people
Knights of Labor were blamed which led to their downfall

10

Wobblies (I.W.W)

took unskilled African Americans, embraced rhetoric of class conflict and endorsed violent tactics

11

muckrakers

Journalists who wrote about injustices and exposed the filth of society

12

How the Other Half Lives

John Riis, told public about immigrant lives and those who live in tenements

13

The Jungle

Upton Sinclair, exposed meat packing industry in Chicago

14

Lincoln Steffans

NY reporter, wrote series of articles called "The Shame of the Cities"

15

Salvation Army

sought to provide food, shelter, and employment to the poor

16

Munn v. Illinois

"Granger laws" were upheld in this case

17

Interstate Commerce Act

established federal governments' right to oversee RR activities

18

WCTU

advocated for alcohol prohibition

19

tenements

overcrowded housing for workers and the poor

20

closed shops

company that hires only union members

21

Mother Jones

supported striking RR workers in Pittsburg, paved way for reform

22

political machines

controlled political parties in cities, boss leads machine and attempts to get votes for his party

23

Progressive Movement

stopped unfair business competition, political corruption, social reform, etc.

24

16th amendment

federal income tax authorized

25

17th amendment

allowed pop. election of Senators

26

18th amendment

banned sale, manufacture and transportation of alcohol

27

19th amendment

gave women right to vote

28

Mann-Elkins Act

signed by Taft, strengthened powers of ICC (regulates RR) and supported labor unions

29

Realism

the tendency to view things as they are

30

Great Migration

movement of African Americans

31

Greenback Party

campaign for the expansion of the supply of paper money

32

Knights of Labor

Terence v. Powderly leads, welcomed unskilled and skilled workers, wanted a society in which laborers owned the industries