Unit 4 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 4 Vocab Deck (51):
1

"Cult of Domesticity"

Women= stay at home and no work outside of home

2

2nd Great Awakening

Religious movement which led to reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society.

3

Whig Party

Formed against Andrew Jackson. Liked bank of US, liked high tariffs and they wanted social reform.

4

Samuel Slater

"Father of American Industrial Revolution"

5

Force Bill

Authorized Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the tariffs.

6

Commonwealth v. Hunt

Established that labor unions were legal

7

Neal Dow (Maine Law)

Mayor of Portland, ME and sponsored the Maine Law, also known as "Father of Prohibition"

8

Charles River Bridge case

Demonstrated that a contract could be broken to benefit general welfare

9

Alexis de Tocqueville

French, his book discusses the advantage of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power

10

Clayton-Bulwer Treaty

Treaty between US and UK, agreed neither country would try to get rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama

11

The "gag rule"

Prohibited all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives

12

Webster-Ashburton Treaty

Banned slave trade on the ocean and resolved border issues between the US and the British North American colonies

13

Aroostook War

Boundary dispute between the US and Canada

14

Rush-Bagot treaty

Demilitarization of the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain

15

Perfectionism

Americans believed perfection could be achieved so they did movements to make America perfect (ex. prison reform and temperance)

16

Prigg v. Pennsylvania

Ruled that states don't have to enforce the return of fugitive slaves

17

Era of Good Feeling

Name of president Monroe's two terms:
period of strong nationalism, economic growth, etc.

18

Jacksonian Democracy

The idea of spreading political power to the people, ensuring majority rule, "common man"
#spoilssystem #democrat #commonman #executivepower

19

Henry Clay

Supporter of the American System, senator from KY , a war hawk, known as the "Great Compromiser"

20

"nullification crisis"

Declared federal tariffs were unconstitutional which made them "null and void" to SC

21

John C. Calhoun

VP under Andrew Jackson; he was an advocate of free trade, states' rights, limited gov., and nullification

22

Erie Canal

Connected the Hudson River and the Great Lakes (1825)

23

National Road

First national road building project funded by Congress

24

Maysville Road veto

Bill that was vetoed because Jackson because he disliked Clay

25

Monroe Doctrine

Europe shouldn't interfere in affairs within the US or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere

26

Noah Webster

Most famous for his dictionary that standardized the US lang. in the US and the "Schoolmaster of the Republic."

27

Nat Turner

Led the most famous slave revolt in US history

28

Transcendentalism

Like to live a simple life and find nature

29

"pet banks"

State banks where Andrew Jackson put deposits to avoid the national banks

30

The Bank War

Jackson wanted to destroy the second bank in the US

31

Spoils System

Allowed men to buy their way into presidential office

32

Hayne-Webster debate

Argument between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne about states' right versus national power

33

Eli Whitney

Made the cotton gin

34

Cotton gin

Removed seeds from the cotton

35

Mormons (migration)

They were persecuted and migrated to western states

36

Horace Mann

Developed public schools

37

Seneca Falls Convention

Launched the women suffrage movement

38

Dorothea Dix

Spoke against inhumane treatment of insane prisoners

39

Lowell, MA

Factory town (Lowell Girls)

40

Texas Revolution

War between Texas settlers who tried to crush the Texas revolt

41

James K. Polk

President who was an opponent of manifest destiny, democrat

42

Bear Flag Revolt

American settlers in CA vs Mexicans, made CA a state

43

Mexican Cession

Historical name for the region of the Southwestern US that was ceded to the US by Mexico

44

Gadsden Purchase

The land the US bought create AZ and NM and was wanted to build a railroad

45

Missouri Compromise

Missouri= slave state
Maine= free state

46

Indian Removal Act

Let Andrew Jackson negotiate land-exchange treaties w/ tribes living east of Miss.

47

American System

Policy of promoting industry in the US by adoption of a high protective tariff and developing internal improvements (a national bank to foster commerce; and federal subsidies for roads, canals)

48

Specie Circular

Meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money w/o proper specie (silver and gold)

49

Manifest Destiny

Many Americans felt that the US should expand from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean and thought they had a god-given right to the land

50

Nativism

Favoring natives rather than immigrants

51

Know-Nothing Party

Objection was to extend period of nationalization and keep illegal aliens out of the country