Flashcards in Unit 4 Vocab Deck (51):
"Cult of Domesticity"
Women= stay at home and no work outside of home
2nd Great Awakening
Religious movement which led to reform movements designed to remedy the evils of society.
Formed against Andrew Jackson. Liked bank of US, liked high tariffs and they wanted social reform.
"Father of American Industrial Revolution"
Authorized Jackson to use the army and navy to collect duties on the tariffs.
Commonwealth v. Hunt
Established that labor unions were legal
Neal Dow (Maine Law)
Mayor of Portland, ME and sponsored the Maine Law, also known as "Father of Prohibition"
Charles River Bridge case
Demonstrated that a contract could be broken to benefit general welfare
Alexis de Tocqueville
French, his book discusses the advantage of democracy and consequences of the majority's unlimited power
Treaty between US and UK, agreed neither country would try to get rights to a canal across the Isthmus of Panama
The "gag rule"
Prohibited all discussion of slavery in the House of Representatives
Banned slave trade on the ocean and resolved border issues between the US and the British North American colonies
Boundary dispute between the US and Canada
Demilitarization of the Great Lakes and Lake Champlain
Americans believed perfection could be achieved so they did movements to make America perfect (ex. prison reform and temperance)
Prigg v. Pennsylvania
Ruled that states don't have to enforce the return of fugitive slaves
Era of Good Feeling
Name of president Monroe's two terms:
period of strong nationalism, economic growth, etc.
The idea of spreading political power to the people, ensuring majority rule, "common man"
#spoilssystem #democrat #commonman #executivepower
Supporter of the American System, senator from KY , a war hawk, known as the "Great Compromiser"
Declared federal tariffs were unconstitutional which made them "null and void" to SC
John C. Calhoun
VP under Andrew Jackson; he was an advocate of free trade, states' rights, limited gov., and nullification
Connected the Hudson River and the Great Lakes (1825)
First national road building project funded by Congress
Maysville Road veto
Bill that was vetoed because Jackson because he disliked Clay
Europe shouldn't interfere in affairs within the US or in the development of other countries in the Western Hemisphere
Most famous for his dictionary that standardized the US lang. in the US and the "Schoolmaster of the Republic."
Led the most famous slave revolt in US history
Like to live a simple life and find nature
State banks where Andrew Jackson put deposits to avoid the national banks
The Bank War
Jackson wanted to destroy the second bank in the US
Allowed men to buy their way into presidential office
Argument between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne about states' right versus national power
Made the cotton gin
Removed seeds from the cotton
They were persecuted and migrated to western states
Developed public schools
Seneca Falls Convention
Launched the women suffrage movement
Spoke against inhumane treatment of insane prisoners
Factory town (Lowell Girls)
War between Texas settlers who tried to crush the Texas revolt
James K. Polk
President who was an opponent of manifest destiny, democrat
Bear Flag Revolt
American settlers in CA vs Mexicans, made CA a state
Historical name for the region of the Southwestern US that was ceded to the US by Mexico
The land the US bought create AZ and NM and was wanted to build a railroad
Missouri= slave state
Maine= free state
Indian Removal Act
Let Andrew Jackson negotiate land-exchange treaties w/ tribes living east of Miss.
Policy of promoting industry in the US by adoption of a high protective tariff and developing internal improvements (a national bank to foster commerce; and federal subsidies for roads, canals)
Meant to stop land speculation caused by states printing paper money w/o proper specie (silver and gold)
Many Americans felt that the US should expand from the Atlantic to Pacific Ocean and thought they had a god-given right to the land
Favoring natives rather than immigrants