Unit 8 Vocab Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 8 Vocab Part 2 Deck (31):
1

Korean War

communist North Korea invaded democratic South Korea

2

McCarthyism

making accusations w/o proper regard for evidence

3

McCarran Act

required registration of Communist organizations with the Attorney General in US, establish Subversive Activities Control Board to investigate "un-American" activities

4

Service Readjustment Act ("G.I. Bill")

provided for college or vocational education for returning WW2 veterans

5

Eisenhower Doctrine

stop communism from spreading to the Middle East

6

Civil Rights Commission

established as a result of the Civil Rights Acts, investigate violations of civil rights

7

Federal Highway Act

improve transportation, US Interstate Highway System

8

HUAC

House Un-American Activities Committee was originally used to uncover citizens w/ Nazi ties but expanded to Communist Party

9

Sputnik / the "space race"

Sputnik= first ever satellite, soviet union
US and USSR competed to be first to get to space

10

John Foster Dulles

Sec of state, had policy called "brinkmanship"

11

United Mine Workers' strike

members of United Mine Workers' Union walked off job, halted coal production in the nation

12

"Berlin Airlift"

US led this to overcome the Soviet Blockade, the US shipped 2.3m tons of supplies by air to the Western- controlled sectors of Berlin

13

"Baruch Plan"

plan presented by Bernard Baruch to control nuclear weapons, called for UN control of weapons in 3 stages before US gave up its stockpile

14

Organization of American States

stop spread of communism in the US

15

National Security Act of 1947

reshaped the nation's major military and diplomatic institutions

16

National Defense Education Act

passed in response to Sputnik launch, increased the technological sophistication and power of the US

17

Taft-Hartley Act

outlawed the "closed shop" and required unions to take a non-communist oath

18

Employment Act of 1946

enacted by Truman, made it gov policy to promote maximum employment

19

Ralph Bunche

first African American to be a division head in the Dept of state

20

Adlai Stevenson

candidate who lost three times, appointed ambassador to UN by Kennedy

21

Modern Republicanism (Ike)

balanced and moderate approach

22

military-industrial complex

Eisenhower warned of this in his farewell speech, feared excessive Congressional spending

23

Beat generation/ Beatniks

1950s stereotype, group of authors who literature explored and influenced American culture

24

David Riesman

wrote a book called "The Lonely Crowd' which criticized people of the 50s

25

"Warren Court"

liberal, major role in fighting segregation

26

Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

civil rights organization, played pivotal role for African Americans in the Civil Rights Movement

27

New Frontier (JFK)

fight social ills like racism and poverty

28

Peace Corps

used in hopes of inspiring American-style progress in the 3rd world

29

Alliance for Progress

designed to improve relations with Latin America

30

Bay of Pigs invasion

tried to overthrow Fidel Castro, failed miserably and embarrassed Kennedy

31

Cuban Missile Crisis

defining point of JFK's presidency, confrontation between the US and Soviet Union concerning Soviet ballistic missiles deployment in Cuba