1.3 Early Colonization Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.3 Early Colonization Deck (62):
1

What did Ponce de León explore in 1513?

The Florida coast

2

Who crossed Panama in 1513?

Vasco de Balboa

3

What was the first permanent European settlement in North America?

St. Augustine

4

Who conquered the Aztecs in 1521?

Hernán Cortés

5

Who conquered the Inca during the 1530s?

Francisco Pizarro

6

What was the encomienda system?

Colonists profited from land and indigenous labor

7

What divided the New World between Spain and Portugal?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

8

Who established "New France" near Quebec in 1608?

Samuel de Champlain

9

Who helped the French dominate the North America fur trade?

Natives

10

Friendly relations with the natives led to _______

extensive trade networks

11

What did the French bring?

Disease, guns and alcohol

12

What areas did the Dutch exploration focus on?

Modern NY

13

What did the Dutch build near Albany in 1614?

Fort Nassau

14

The Dutch built a settlement on Manhattan Island named _________

New Amsterdam

15

Who did the Dutch form an alliance with?

Iroquois Confederacy

16

Who ruled England from 1558 to 1603?

Elizabeth I

17

What were England's main objectives during the 1570s?

To find the "northwest passage" to Asia, discover gold and disrupt Spain

18

Who founded the Roanoke colony in 1585?

Sir Walter Raleigh

19

What was the piece of land that mysteriously disappeared in 1590 called?

The "Lost Colony"

20

Who defended the Spanish Armada and 1588?

English

21

What did "God and Gold" fuel?

Spanish exploration and colonization

22

What did Ponce de León explore in 1513?

The Florida coast

23

Who crossed Panama in 1513?

Vasco de Balboa

24

What was the first permanent European settlement in North America?

St. Augustine

25

Who conquered the Aztecs in 1521?

Hernán Cortés

26

Who conquered the Inca during the 1530s?

Francisco Pizarro

27

What was the encomienda system?

Colonists profited from land and indigenous labor

28

What divided the New World between Spain and Portugal?

The Treaty of Tordesillas

29

Who established "New France" near Quebec in 1608?

Samuel de Champlain

30

Who helped the French dominate the North America fur trade?

Natives

31

Friendly relations with the natives led to _______

extensive trade networks

32

What did the French bring?

Disease, guns and alcohol

33

What areas did the Dutch exploration focus on?

Modern NY

34

What did the Dutch build near Albany in 1614?

Fort Nassau

35

The Dutch built a settlement on Manhattan Island named _________

New Amsterdam

36

Who did the Dutch form an alliance with?

Iroquois Confederacy

37

Who ruled England from 1558 to 1603?

Elizabeth I

38

What were England's main objectives during the 1570s?

To find the "northwest passage" to Asia, discover gold and disrupt Spain

39

Who founded the Roanoke colony in 1585?

Sir Walter Raleigh

40

What was the piece of land that mysteriously disappeared in 1590 called?

The "Lost Colony"

41

Who defended the Spanish Armada and 1588?

English

42

What did "God and Gold" fuel?

Spanish exploration and colonization

43

Who succeeded Elizabeth in 1603 and signed a truce with Spain?

James I

44

Who renounced Spain claims to VA?

King Philip III

45

Why was a charter granted by James I in 1606?

To separate joint-stock companies

46

Who sent colonies to find Jamestown in 1607?

VA Co. of London

47

When was the First Anglo-Powhatan War fought?

1610-1614

48

Who spent years developing a proper farm to raise in VA?

John Rolfe

49

When was the House of Burgesses created?

1619

50

What were Virginia's three major problems by 1622?

Debt, death, Indian disputes

51

When was the second Anglo-Powhatan War fought and what did it do?

1622-1632 and bankrupted the VA Company

52

When did Virginia become a royal colony?

After James I revoked its charter in 1624

53

Who gave Thomas Westin a patent for a northern settlement?

VA Co of Lon

54

When and where did the Mayflower land?

November 1620 in Plymouth Bay

55

When was the Thanksgiving festival held?

After Plymouth's first harvest

56

Separatist Puritans

Separatists is to felt the need to completely abandon the church of England

57

Non-separatist

Believed that they could reform the church from within

58

A group of non-separatist Puritans fled to NE in the late 1620s and started what?

Massachusetts Bay Colony w Boston as its capital

59

What was the population boom in the 1630s caused by?

A "Great Migration"

60

John Winthrop

Influential leader of the MBC

61

John Winthrop envisioned Boston as a _______

"City upon a hill" for all to emulate

62

How did John Winthrop lay out his plans?

By writing "A Model of Christian Charity" in 1630