Unit 5 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 5 Vocab Deck (49):
1

Dred Scott decision

Ruled African Americans could not be citizens

2

Popular sovereignty

Power to the people

3

John Brown

Attempted to lead a slave revolt by capturing armories

4

Lincoln-Douglas debates

Debates between Douglas and Lincoln. Made Lincoln famous.

Topics: how to deal w/ slavery, where it should be allowed, etc.

5

Sherman's March

Let force from TN to SC to destroy everything the Confederates could use to survive

6

Presidential Reconstruction

Plans of Johnson and Lincoln who believed it was the executive's power to rebuild the south

7

Radical Reconstruction

Period beginning in 1867 when Republicans took charge of reconstruction

8

Compromise of 1850

- Fugitive Slave Act
- banned slave trade in DC
- Cali=free
- Split Texas territory
- Pop sovereignty in Mexican Cession

9

Kansas-Nebraska Act

pop sovereignty in Kansas/Nebraska

10

Uncle Tom's Cabin

Harriet Beecher Stowe, influenced England's view of the south and slavery

11

Freedman's Bureau

Set up to help former slaves adjust to freedom

12

Crop lien system

Helped farmers get credit before planting season by borrowing against value for future harvest

13

"waving the bloody shirt"

use of Civil War imagery by candidates and parties to draw votes to their side

14

Helen Hunt Jackson

Author of "A Century of Dishonor," exposed the us gov and their broken promises to Native Americans

15

Frederick Jackson Turner

Stated humanity would lose progress as long as there was more land to go to

16

Free Soil Party

Organized by anti-slavery men in the N, advocated federal aid for internal improvements

17

election of 1860

Lincoln (R) won because the Democratic party was split over slavery

18

Emancipation Proclamation

Stated slavery would end BUT didn't free many because land was under confederate control

19

Freeport Doctrine

slavery could be excluded from territories of US by local legislation

20

"copperheads"

group of Democrats who opposed Civil War, wanted immediate peace settlement w the Confederates

21

Battle of Antietam

1862, Bloodiest battle of the Civil War (25k casualties) = north succeeded in halting Lee's confederate forces in MD

22

Battle of Gettysburg

Turning point, made it clear the North would win. 50,000 casualties

23

13th Amendment

freed slaves

24

14th Amendment

all citizens get "due process of law"

25

15th Amendment

male suffrage

26

Radical Republicans

-democratize the south
-establish public education
-rights of free people
-free blacks/black suffrage

27

Civil Rights Act of 1866

blacks are now US citizens and gave gov power to intervene in state affairs to protect citizen rights

28

10 Percent Plan

1863-1865, Lincoln's reconstruction plan, once 10 percent of voters in a former Confed. state took a US loyalty oath, they could form a new state & be reunited to the Union

29

Force Acts

1870-1871, Couldn't prevent people from voting bc of their race

30

Sharecropping

Tied blacks to certain plot of land

31

Homestead Act

1862, Allowed settlers to acquire as much as 160 acres of land for living on it for five years, improving it and paying a fee of $30

32

Pacific Railroad Act

1860s, allowed Transcontinental Railroad

33

Compromise of 1877

Deal that settled 1876 US presidential election, pulled federal troops out of the south, ended reconstruction era. Hayes won over Tilden.

34

Dawes Severalty Act

1887, Tried to dissolve Indian tribes by redistributing the land

35

"Crime of '73"

Embraced gold standard

36

Tenant Farming

When a person resides on land and also farms the land which is owned by a landlord in exchange for rent

37

Morrill Land Act

Gave states land grants to build agricultural and mechanical colleges in the west

38

Wade-Davis Bill

1864, Required 50% of voters of a state to take loyalty oath to be readmitted to the Union

39

Siege of Vicksburg

1863, final major military action in Vicksburg campaign and last major confederate stronghold on Miss. River

40

Wilmot Proviso

proposed ban of slavery in new territories

41

Lecompton Constitution

pro-slavery constitution written for Kansas' admission to the Union and was rejected but Kansas became free in 1861

42

Crittenden Compromise

Protected property rights below 36° 30' plus pop sov in any new states, Lincoln rejected

43

Impending Crisis

Written by Hinton Rowan Helper, attack on slavery as inefficient and a barrier to the economic advancement of whites

44

Black Codes

Restricted freedman rights

45

Reconstruction Acts

1867, laid out process for southern states to be readmitted to the Union and 14th, 15th Amendments

46

Redemption

1870s, Southern Democratic term for end of Reconstruction

47

Chief Joseph

Lead the Nez Perce during hostilities between tribe and the US Army in 1877

48

Ghost Dance

Ritual dance by Plain Indians to hasten the end of the war

49

Wounded Knee

Last battle of Indian Wars, signaled end of armed resistance by Native Americans