Unit 7 Vocab Part 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 7 Vocab Part 2 Deck (29):
1

"Return to Normalcy"

campaign theme of Warren Harding during 1920 election, conservative mood like the Progressive era/Wilson's fight over LON

2

Sacco and Vanzetti

convicted of killing guard/paymaster during robbery of Slater/Morrill Shoe Company
executed by electric chair in prison, discrimination of immigrants

3

The "Red Scare"

-focused on worker (socialist) revolution/political radicalism
-postwar labor strikes confused/frightened US

4

Hawley-Smoot Tariff

Hoover signed, raised tariffs on goods
-hurt farmers + fueled global depression spread

5

America First Committee

spare American lives, protect from war, Charles Lindbergh= most effective speaker

6

Causes of Great Depression

drive stock prices high, high tariffs, war debt, stock crash, overproduction, unequal wealth dis., etc.

7

Bonus Army

WW1 veterans, depression victims, tried to intimidate Con. into paying BUT Hoover had them removed, shed bad light on Hoover

8

Reconstruction Finance Corp.

financial support to state/local governments

9

New Deal

FDR, three basic goals: relief, reform, recovery
- Banking Holiday, gold standard gone ($ bills), FDIC (deposit protection)

10

The "First 100 Days"

bills tried to fix bank system + restore public faith

11

Keynesian economics

theories about how in short run, esp recessions, output is strongly influenced by total spending in economy

12

1935 Wagner Labor Relations Act

defined unfair labor practices and protected unions against coercive measures

13

Fair Labor Standard Act

part of New Deal, set min. wage, max hours, and ended child labor

14

Social Security Act

provided insurance for elderly Americans

15

National Industrial Recovery Act

let Pres regulate an industry after deflation in order to stimulate economic recovery

16

"court-packing" proposal

Roosevelt's proposal, extra judge in SC for everyone over 70
-thought some were out of touch w nation needs

17

Bank Holiday

New Deal, closed banks for 2 days, could reopen on 3rd if sound and no debt

18

Critics of New Deal

-conservatives called it socialism + some formed American Liberty League
-socialists thought FDR neglected the "forgotten man"
-LA Sen. Huey Long= critique + socialist

19

Works Progress Admin.

public proj. that included "nontraditional" workers like artists + writers

20

Agricultural Adjustment Act

sought to raise crop value by paying farmers to limit production

21

Margaret Sanger

championed birth control for women, organiz. she est. evolved into Planned Parenthood

22

Congress of Industrial Org.

organized workers in industrial unions in US + Canada

23

"fireside chats"

series of 30 evening radio addresses given by FDR, directly comm. w/ citizens

24

United Auto Workers

sit downs were when workers remained in workplace but ref. to work until settlement was made
- wanted better pay (usu.), Michigan, car comp.

25

American Liberty League

opposed New Deal, consisted of elites/political figures

26

Indian Reorganization Act

return of reservation lands, preservation of tribal culture, repealed Dawes Act

27

1921 Washington Conference

attempt to prevent naval arms race bet. US, Britain and Japan

28

"black separatism" (Universal Negro Improvement Assoc.)

Marcus Garvey championed UNIA, "black separatism" (sep. instit. for people of African descent), didn't see racism ever ending so sep. on their own

29

Anti-Imperialist League

battled against American colonization of Philippines, included Mark Twain/Andrew Carnegie