Unit 6 Vocab pt 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 6 Vocab pt 1 Deck (30):
1

American Federation of Labor

founder= Samuel Gompers, alliance of skilled workers, focused on "bread and butter" issues

2

Gospel of Wealth

article written by Andrew Carnegie, described the responsibility of philanthropy

3

Social Darwinism

Rich were rich and poor were poor due to natural selection in society

4

Horizontal integration

elimination of competitors

5

Vertical integration

gaining control of production and distribution process

6

Samuel Gompers

started AFL= American Federation of Labor in 1886

7

Eugene V. Debs

led the Pullman strike

8

Pullman Strike

Nationwide railroad strike where Pullman cars were stopped to demand higher wages

9

"robber barons"

business owners who make profit by paying employees low wages

10

Atlanta Compromise

Speech made by Booker T. Washington, outlined philosophy that blacks should focus on economic gains

11

Horatio Alger

wrote many books in which virtue, honesty and, industry were rewarded with success, wealth, and honor

12

Plessy v. Ferguson

Case which the Jim Crow laws were upheld, "separate but equal"

13

Farmers Alliance

Farmer organizations that wanted to get rid of debt, poverty and low crop prices by educating and mobilizing men and women

14

The Grangers

Organized by Oliver H. Kelley, wanted to break hold of RR owners and middlemen

15

Jim Crow laws

Written to separate blacks and whites in public areas

16

"Boss" Tweed (William Tweed)

lead of Tammany Hall, he stole up to 200m from the general public in 6 years and ended up in jail

17

Frederick Olmstead

designed many public parks such as Central Park in New York

18

Robert La Follette

Governor, enacted many of the public reforms including nom. of candidates by direct vote/ regulation of RR rates

19

McKinley Tariff

Raised tariffs to a high level, big business liked them bc they protected US businesses from foreign comp.

20

"bread and butter unionism"

Unions should focus on improving working conditions and pay for skilled workers
used by AFL

21

National Labor Union

1st attempt to organize all workers in all states (skilled and unskilled)

22

"new immigrants"

1880s, immigrant wave from southern and eastern Europe

23

Populist Party

former Grangers, Omaha Platform (1892)
end bc of Dem. support, Bryan's loss and improving farm prices

24

Booker T. Washington

former slave, promoted education and economic opportunity for blacks

25

W.E.B Du Bois

wanted immediate implementation of African American rights

26

Sherman Anti-Trust Act

prohibited monopolies and trusts that hindered competition

27

settlement houses

neighborhood center in impoverished areas, helped transition to US society

28

Jane Addams and Hull House

Chicago, many settlement houses modeled after it (women activism and help out poor)

29

William Jennings Bryan

"Cross of Gold" speech which favored free silver

30

Sherman Silver Purchase Act

required government to purchase 2x the silver and added to money in circulation