Unit 9 Vocab Part 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Unit 9 Vocab Part 1 Deck (31):
1

The Great Society

LBJ, dealt with mainly poverty and civil rights

2

"Long Hot Summers"

Riots in black neighborhoods in the 60s

3

Malcolm X

Leader of Black Muslims, opposed King's strategy of nonviolent discrimination

4

SNCC

Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, protest racial discrimination w/o violence

5

Black Power

African Americans need to establish control of their political and economic lives

6

Affirmative Action

meant to open access to education and employment for people who have experienced discrimination

7

Voting Rights Act of 1965

Invalidated use of any test or device to deny the vote

8

Civil Rights Act of 1964

segregation illegal in all public facilities

9

Tonkin Gulf Resolution

authorized LBJ to wage war

10

New Left

Sought to end poverty, racism and Cold War politics

11

Immigration Act of 1965

Abolished the 1920s Quota Act

12

My Lai Massacre

Mass killing of unarmed civilians in South Vietnam

13

Tet Offensive

turning point, televised and made war seem less winnable

14

Vietnamization

US troops were taken out of Vietnam and Nixon replaced them w newly trained South Vietnamese troops

15

Counterculture

Rebellion against "the establishment," Took form of nonconformity, hippies

16

Students for a Democratic Society

Drafted Port Huron statement (leftist), wanted to rid American society of poverty, racism and violence

17

The Feminine Mystique

Challenged gender roles, sparked second wave of feminism, Betty Friedan

18

Equal Rights Amendment

Written to guarantee equal rights for women, never passed

19

César Cháves

created UFW to help farmers get more pay and safer working conditions

20

Roe v Wade

Upheld abortion rights for women

21

Title IX

Passed to end gender discrimination in federal funded programs

22

War Powers Act

Repealed Tonkin Gulf, limited presidents ability to wage war without consent

23

Camp David Accords

Peace deal between Egypt and Israel

24

Iran-Hostage Crisis

52 citizens were held hostage in the American Embassy in Tehran

25

Stagflation

when high inflation is coupled with high unemployment

26

Détente

Foreign policy created by Nixon, meant to relax tensions between US and the Communist World

27

Three Mile Island

human and mechanical failure occurred and created an escape of radiation

28

"graying of America"

aging of the American population

29

"Star Wars"

space-based nuclear defense system that was proposed by Reagan

30

Operation Desert Storm

United Nations coalition launched this to liberate Kuwait

31

NAFTA (Clinton)

eliminated all tariffs between the USA, Canada and Mexico