1.2 European Contact Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.2 European Contact Deck (13):
1

How many years did it take to establish self-sustaining colonies?

Over 100

2

What did Crusades expose Europe to?

Exotic commodities

3

What was the generation of young men seeking?

"Glory and gold"

4

What percentage of the population did landless peasants represent?

75%

5

What groups challenge the established church?

Calvinist and Puritan

6

What groups that are religious rivalry erupt between?

Catholics, Protestants, Muslims

7

What determined status?

Gender, wealth, inherited position and politics

8

Who was America named after?

Amerigo Vespucci

9

Who initiated the protestant "Reformation"?

Martin Luther

10

What are market economies (capitalism)?

They promote competition over maintaining established wealth

11

What played a major role in the colonization process?

Religion

12

What was Europe's mission?

To spread Christianity and "civilization" to the "pagan savages"

13

What did the era of imperialism fuel?

1) colonization of America
2) the transatlantic slave trade