1.2 Demography - Reasons for decline in birth rate & fertility Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.2 Demography - Reasons for decline in birth rate & fertility Deck (17)
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1

Declining mortality - in 1902 what percentage of all deaths were babies under 1?

25%

2

Declining mortality - in 2005 what percentage of all deaths were babies under 1?

Less than 1%

3

Declining mortality - families no longer need large numbers of children to ensure what?

They survive adulthood

4

Economic factors - in the C19th children were views as what by working class parents?

Economic assets - they could bring in money and support parents in old age

5

Economic factors - children have now become a financial burden to parents, why?

Children dependent on parents to school leaving age
More young people going to uni

6

Economic factors - what proportion of parents delay having a child due to cuts in benefits and increased cost of having children?

1/5

7

Individualisation - individuals seeks a life in which they can do what?

Construct their own lifestyle and relationship

8

Individualisation - people are no longer tied to the social norms that you should do what at a certain point?

Marry and have kids

9

Individualisation - women now choose careers over what?

Settling down and having children

10

Individualisation - children and marriage are seen as a risk - who would talk about this?

Beck and beck gurnshiem - risk society

11

Contraception and abortion - people have the opportunity to do what?

Control and plan the number of children they have

12

Changing attitudes - from the 1870s in the middle and working class small families were viewed as what?

Way to control living standards

13

Changing attitudes - since the 20th century small families have become what?

A norm

14

Changing attitudes - in the past being childless was viewed as unfortunate but now it is viewed as what?

A lifestyle option

15

Women's opportunities- in the last century there has been massive expansion in what?

Women's opportunities in education and employment

16

Women's opportunities- women can delay having a family until what?

They have completed education and established a career

17

Women's opportunities- as women can hold off on having children they are likely to have what?

Fewer children

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