2.2 Feminists On Gender Inequality Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2 Feminists On Gender Inequality Deck (65)
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1

(Waves) what did the first wave of feminism focus upon? (1800-1920)

Equality in voting, divorce, education and work

2

(Waves) what did the second wave of feminism focus upon? (60/70s)

Sisterhood
Personal is political
Women's liberation movement
Rise of radical, liberal and Marxist feminists

3

(Waves) what did the third wave of feminism focus on?

Varying experiences of women in class, ethnicity and sexuality
Individualistic
Rise of black feminism and intersectionality

4

(Waves) what did the fourth wave of feminism focus on?

Online activism
Challenging sexism and discrimination
E.g. Everyday sexism project

5

(Liberal) gender inequality is due to what?

Gender role socialisation

6

(Liberal) what does Oakley say manipulation and canalisation do?

Dressing feminine or giving girls gender appropriate toys e.g. Kitchens
Teaches children the expected norms and values for their sex

7

(Liberal) what reinforces the gender roles children are taught?

Media and advertising

8

(Liberal) who did sharp study?

Girls in London in the 1970s and 1990s

9

(Liberal) what did sharp find about girls priorities?

Changed from marriage and children in the 70s to careers and education in the 90s

10

(Liberal) what solutions do liberal feminists propose?

Change in socialisation
Change in legal policies to enforce equality

11

(Liberal) liberal feminists have caused what changes in legislation?

Equal pay act
Sex discrimination act
Maternity paternity leave

12

(Liberal) criticism - what does Oakley assume?

Children are passive recipients of socialisation

13

(Liberal) criticism - have all of the legislations worked?

No still a pay gap

14

(Liberal)criticism - what would postmodernists say about gender?

Fluid it can change

15

(Marxist f) what does capitalism need?

Housewives

16

(Marxist f) what are some of the ways capitalism benefits from housewives?

Reproducing next gen of workers
Socialisation
Keep workers going
Safety valve
Reserve army of labour
Reduce bargaining power

17

(Marxist f) what role do housewives play in socialisation?

Socialise next generation of workers into ruling class ideology to be submissive and obedient

18

(Marxist f) how do housewives keep workers physically going?

Feeding and clothing them

19

(Marxist f) how do housewives reduce men's bargaining power?

Less likely to strike as they have a family to provide for and support

20

(Marxist f) what does it mean that housewives are a reserve army of labour?

Hired and fired as and when needed

21

(Marxist f)what does it mean that housewives act as a safety valve?

Outlet for workers frustrations rather than men directing their anger at capitalism

22

(Marxist f) costa and James investigated whether housewife was what?

A role or a job

23

(Marxist f) costa and James accounted the cost of what?

Women's services - cleaner, childcare, therapist

24

(Marxist f) costa and James say housewives should be what?

Paid

25

(Marxist f) what solutions do Marxist feminists offer?

Pay housewives - mean a massive redistribution of wealth
Revolution

26

(Marxist f) criticism - what do they overemphasise?

Class

27

(Marxist f) criticism - views on traditional housewife role can be seen as what?

Outdated

28

(Marxist f) criticism - over reliance on what solution?

Revolution

29

(Marxist f) criticism - radical feminists say focus on class detracts from what?

Real issue of patriarchy

30

(Marxist f) criticism - postmodernists say what?

Class is no longer important

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