Flashcards in 1.2 roles & relationships (family) Deck (56)
what is the domestic division of labour?
roles men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work
parsons says in the family women have which role?
expressive role - raising kids, emotional care
parsons say in the family men have which role?
instrumental role - concerned with achieving goal, responsibility for family
parsons says roles within the family are determined by what?
feminists would criticise parsons by saying gender roles are what?
feminists say the patriarchal nuclear family and gender roles benefit who?
who could be used to criticise parsons by saying roles are changing?
young and willmott
young and Willmott say what type of family has emerged?
young and Willmott say we have moved away from segregated conjugal roles and moved toward what?
joint conjugal roles - more equality
what 3 things are features of the symmetrical family?
couples sharing childcare
couples sharing housework
privatised - couples spending more time together relying on each other
what reasons are there for the emergence of a symmetrical family?
couples relying more on each other than extended families - mobility
increased living standards and labour saving gadgets
what is Oakley critical of?
young and willmott's evidence saying it is over-exaggerated
young and Willmott said what percent of men helped within the house? what criticism did Oakley have of this?
to be included in this figure they had to do one chore a week e.g. take the children for a walk
who did Oakley herself research?
40 full time housewives
what did Oakley find no evidence of?
what percent of husbands did Oakley find had a high level of participation in housework?
Boulton (1983) found what percentage of husbands have a major role in childcare?
less than 20%
Boulton - women are still seen as responsible for what?
housework and childcare
increase in women working has led to what?
increased contribution from men
Gershuny - families are becoming more equal, wives working full time do less what?
Gershuny - wives who didn't work did what percent of housework?
Gershuny -wives who worked full time did what percent of housework?
criticism - what tasks do men and women do?
men do DIY & gardening
women do cooking, ironing, cleaning
womens domestic tasks more urgent
what is lagged adaptation?
roles are taking time to adapt to women working
(class) joint conjugal roles are more likely to be found amongst which class?
(class) Morris studied unemployed men in Hartlepool finding men losing masculine role of breadwinner did what?
didn't contribute to domestic work
they saw it as womens work
(ethnicity) Berthoud said which families are more likely to adopt traditional gender roles?
(ethnicity) Berthoud - black African-Caribbean families are often headed by single mothers who do what?
take responsibility for paid work & housework
(age) what couples are more likely to adopt equal roles?