1.2 roles & relationships (family) Flashcards Preview

A Level Sociology > 1.2 roles & relationships (family) > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1.2 roles & relationships (family) Deck (56)
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1

what is the domestic division of labour?

roles men and women play in relation to housework, childcare and paid work

2

parsons says in the family women have which role?

expressive role - raising kids, emotional care

3

parsons say in the family men have which role?

instrumental role - concerned with achieving goal, responsibility for family

4

parsons says roles within the family are determined by what?

biology

5

feminists would criticise parsons by saying gender roles are what?

socially constructed

6

feminists say the patriarchal nuclear family and gender roles benefit who?

men

7

who could be used to criticise parsons by saying roles are changing?

young and willmott

8

young and Willmott say what type of family has emerged?

symmetrical family

9

young and Willmott say we have moved away from segregated conjugal roles and moved toward what?

joint conjugal roles - more equality

10

what 3 things are features of the symmetrical family?

couples sharing childcare
couples sharing housework
privatised - couples spending more time together relying on each other

11

what reasons are there for the emergence of a symmetrical family?

couples relying more on each other than extended families - mobility
women working
increased living standards and labour saving gadgets

12

what is Oakley critical of?

young and willmott's evidence saying it is over-exaggerated

13

young and Willmott said what percent of men helped within the house? what criticism did Oakley have of this?

72%
to be included in this figure they had to do one chore a week e.g. take the children for a walk

14

who did Oakley herself research?

40 full time housewives

15

what did Oakley find no evidence of?

symmetry

16

what percent of husbands did Oakley find had a high level of participation in housework?

15%

17

Boulton (1983) found what percentage of husbands have a major role in childcare?

less than 20%

18

Boulton - women are still seen as responsible for what?

housework and childcare

19

increase in women working has led to what?

increased contribution from men

20

Gershuny - families are becoming more equal, wives working full time do less what?

domestic work

21

Gershuny - wives who didn't work did what percent of housework?

83%

22

Gershuny -wives who worked full time did what percent of housework?

73%

23

criticism - what tasks do men and women do?

men do DIY & gardening
women do cooking, ironing, cleaning
womens domestic tasks more urgent

24

what is lagged adaptation?

roles are taking time to adapt to women working

25

(class) joint conjugal roles are more likely to be found amongst which class?

middle

26

(class) Morris studied unemployed men in Hartlepool finding men losing masculine role of breadwinner did what?

didn't contribute to domestic work
they saw it as womens work

27

(ethnicity) Berthoud said which families are more likely to adopt traditional gender roles?

south asian

28

(ethnicity) Berthoud - black African-Caribbean families are often headed by single mothers who do what?

take responsibility for paid work & housework

29

(age) what couples are more likely to adopt equal roles?

young couples

30

(age) when couples settle down and have children what tends to happen?

women take on greater responsibility for domestic work

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