3.2 Subculturalists On Crime & Deviance Flashcards Preview

A Level Sociology > 3.2 Subculturalists On Crime & Deviance > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.2 Subculturalists On Crime & Deviance Deck (43)
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1

Subculturalist theories explain crime and deviance in terms of what?

Differing norms and values

2

(Cohen) Cohen talks about the delinquent what?

Subculture

3

(Cohen) delinquency is not an individual response rather it is what?

Collective

4

(Cohen) what did Merton fail to explain?

Non utilitarian crime

5

(Cohen) agrees with Merton that education failure is caused by what?

Cultural deprivation

6

(Cohen) due to cultural deprivation working class youths suffer what?

Status frustration

7

(Cohen) working class youths reject mainstream goals and replace them with what?

Their own a delinquent subculture

8

(Cohen) delinquent subcultures reverse what?

Norms and values of mainstream culture in defiance

9

(Cohen) delinquent subcultures offer what for its members?

Positive rewards e.g. Attention and recognition

10

(Cohen) criticism - Box questions whether working class youths originally do what?

Accept mainstream goals and feel ashamed by failure

11

(Cohen) criticisms - Box - working class youths may actually just resent what?

Being looked down upon

12

(Cohen) criticism Bordua -cohen uses the idea of cultural deprivation to explain education failure which is what?

Passed on through socialisation

13

(Cohen) criticism - Bordua - but cohen argues delinquent subcultures are what?

Developed anew in each generation

14

(Cloward and Ohlin) what can explain different types of deviance?

Differential access to illegitimate opportunity structure

15

(Cloward and Ohlin) when do criminal subcultures develop?

With access to organised adult crime
You need skills, location and connections to get in
Utilitarian

16

(Cloward and Ohlin) when do conflict subcultures develop?

When access to criminal is blocked
Frustration is expressed through gang violence

17

(Cloward and Ohlin) when do retreatist subcultures develop?

Access to criminal and conflict is blocked
Centres on drug use and petty crime

18

(Cloward and Ohlin) criticism - Taylor Walton and young say the theory assumes everyone starts with what?

The same goal

19

(Cloward and Ohlin) criticism - some groups decide to do what?

Reject the success goal
They aren't just reacting to their failure

20

(Cloward and Ohlin) strength - they explain what that Merton doesn't?

Delinquencys link to opportunity structure

21

(Miller) explains crime through what?

Working class culture

22

(Miller) what does the working class culture consist of?

5 focal concerns

23

(Miller) what are the 5 focal concerns?

Toughness
Smartness
Excitement
Trouble
Autonomy

24

(Miller) what is toughness and what crimes does it link to?

Concern for strength and masculinity
Connected to assault

25

(Miller) what is smartness and what crimes is it connected to?

Concern for outwitting others
Linked to conmen

26

(Miller) what is excitement and what is it linked to?

Thrill seeking
E.g. Gambling

27

(Miller) what is trouble?

Seeing trouble and fighting as normal and acceptable

28

(Miller) what is autonomy and what does it link to?

You can't tell me what to do
Links to problems with the police

29

(Miller) what two factors exaggerate focal concerns?

A peer group demanding close conformity
A concern for status

30

(Miller) criticism - there is no consistent what?

Working class culture

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