3.2 (c) masculinity & crime Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2 (c) masculinity & crime Deck (15)
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1

what are some qualities associated with masculinity?

aggression
impulsivity
independence
confidence
bravery
protective
toughness

2

what type of man is seen as ideal?

brave
gentleman

3

Messerschmidt examined men, masculinity and crime, identifying a number of different what, shaped by what?

masculinities shaped by class, ethnicity, age and sexuality

4

what is hegemonic masculinity?

the ideal form which most men seek to accomplish

5

what is hegemonic masculinity based around?

paid work, heterosexuality, subordination of women

6

which group does hegemonic masculinity mostly apply to?

middle class
white males

7

which men are stopped from this hegemonic masculinity?

those of a different class, ethnicity or sexuality

8

what are subordinate masculinities?

alternative masculinities to hegemonic masculinity

9

(subordinate masculinities) white w/c men are less likely to be successful so they may construct masculinity around what?

physical aggression and anti social behaviour

10

(subordinate masculinities) w/c men from ethnic minorities with little educational success or secure employment may express masculinity by what?

street gangs

11

why might middle class men who are able to establish hegemonic masculinity use crime to express masculinity?

commit white collar crime to show they are successful and are risk takers

12

why is there a crisis of masculinity?

lack of traditional w/c jobs and changing roles in the family men use other means to express masculinity

13

(criticisms) this theory over predicts crime, how?

only a minority of men feel the need to assert masculinity through crime

14

(criticisms) not all men aspire to what?

hegemonic masculinity

15

(criticisms) messerschmidt gives too much power to the concept of masculinity, how?

by using masculinity to explain practically every crime men committ

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