Flashcards in 3.2 (c) masculinity & crime Deck (15)
what are some qualities associated with masculinity?
what type of man is seen as ideal?
Messerschmidt examined men, masculinity and crime, identifying a number of different what, shaped by what?
masculinities shaped by class, ethnicity, age and sexuality
what is hegemonic masculinity?
the ideal form which most men seek to accomplish
what is hegemonic masculinity based around?
paid work, heterosexuality, subordination of women
which group does hegemonic masculinity mostly apply to?
which men are stopped from this hegemonic masculinity?
those of a different class, ethnicity or sexuality
what are subordinate masculinities?
alternative masculinities to hegemonic masculinity
(subordinate masculinities) white w/c men are less likely to be successful so they may construct masculinity around what?
physical aggression and anti social behaviour
(subordinate masculinities) w/c men from ethnic minorities with little educational success or secure employment may express masculinity by what?
why might middle class men who are able to establish hegemonic masculinity use crime to express masculinity?
commit white collar crime to show they are successful and are risk takers
why is there a crisis of masculinity?
lack of traditional w/c jobs and changing roles in the family men use other means to express masculinity
(criticisms) this theory over predicts crime, how?
only a minority of men feel the need to assert masculinity through crime
(criticisms) not all men aspire to what?