3.2 Right Realists On Crime & Deviance Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.2 Right Realists On Crime & Deviance Deck (43)
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1

What do realist approaches view crime?

As a real rising issue

2

How do realists think we should tackle crime?

With Real practical methods

3

What did Wilson say regarding poverty and crime?

Poverty doesn't cause crime

4

What evidence does Wilson use to argue that poverty doesn't cause crime?

Crime is increasing as well as living standards

5

(Against Wilson) what else has increased suggesting that there may be a link between crime and poverty?

The gap between the richest and poorest
Relative deprivation may link to crime

6

Do right realists believe the stats?

Yes

7

What do right realists seek to explain?

Why most crime is committed by young working class men

8

What did Wilson say young men are which makes them more prone to crime?

Temperamentally aggressive

9

Wilson provides what evidence for males being temperamentally aggressive?

Proportion of men in the population dropping, crime rate rising

10

Wilson also says social factors play a role in making young w/c men more prone to crime, how?

Culture of immediate gratification and self expression leads to lack of discipline and self control

11

Hirschi talks about control theory what does he say?

We are all tempted to commit crime but our social bonds stop us

12

Hirschi says social bonds have 4 elements what are these?

The stronger our attachments to school/family
The more we develop commitments
Leading to involvement in family life
Encouraging a belief in conformity

13

Hirschi also says what is a distinguishing feature of offenders?

Lack of control

14

who does murray blame for crime?

the underclass

15

what does murray say the underclass reject?

mainstream norms and values
social control of family and community

16

what does murray say overgenerous welfare benefits allow for?

single mothers

17

(murray) what does murray say about single mothers?

don't provide discipline and adequate socialisation
lack of a male role model

18

(murray) what happens to the fathers?

don't have a role within the family
resort to crime and violence in order to prove themselves men

19

(murray) what exists amongst the underclass?

lack of disapproval and social control - don't care about crime, they expect it

20

what does murray say the solution to crime is?

reducing welfare benefits
mothers have to turn to husbands as a breadwinner
fathers remain in their role providing discipline and a male role model for their kids

21

what does murray say happens to the boys of single mothers?

lack of socialisation and respect for norms and values more likely to resort to crime

22

Hirschi - the stronger a teens bonds with parents and teachers the less likely they would do what?

Committ crime

23

Rational choice theory says crime is based on what?

A choice of benefits vs risks

24

RCT - of punishments are too lenient there is a low what?

Cost of crime so more people will commit it

25

RCT - to reduce opportunity for crime what needs to be put in place?

Target hardening
Surveillance

26

RCT - criticism - assumes all crimes are rational and what?

About gain

27

RCT - criticism - ignore what types of crime?

Emotionally motivated

28

RCT - criticism - assumes everybody would be what?

Tempted to commit crime

29

What did Wilson and Kelling talk about?

Broken windows

30

Broken windows - if police are in control residents are more likely to do what?

Report crimes and become involved in informal social control

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