Flashcards in 3.2 Right Realists On Crime & Deviance Deck (43)
What do realist approaches view crime?
As a real rising issue
How do realists think we should tackle crime?
With Real practical methods
What did Wilson say regarding poverty and crime?
Poverty doesn't cause crime
What evidence does Wilson use to argue that poverty doesn't cause crime?
Crime is increasing as well as living standards
(Against Wilson) what else has increased suggesting that there may be a link between crime and poverty?
The gap between the richest and poorest
Relative deprivation may link to crime
Do right realists believe the stats?
What do right realists seek to explain?
Why most crime is committed by young working class men
What did Wilson say young men are which makes them more prone to crime?
Wilson provides what evidence for males being temperamentally aggressive?
Proportion of men in the population dropping, crime rate rising
Wilson also says social factors play a role in making young w/c men more prone to crime, how?
Culture of immediate gratification and self expression leads to lack of discipline and self control
Hirschi talks about control theory what does he say?
We are all tempted to commit crime but our social bonds stop us
Hirschi says social bonds have 4 elements what are these?
The stronger our attachments to school/family
The more we develop commitments
Leading to involvement in family life
Encouraging a belief in conformity
Hirschi also says what is a distinguishing feature of offenders?
Lack of control
who does murray blame for crime?
what does murray say the underclass reject?
mainstream norms and values
social control of family and community
what does murray say overgenerous welfare benefits allow for?
(murray) what does murray say about single mothers?
don't provide discipline and adequate socialisation
lack of a male role model
(murray) what happens to the fathers?
don't have a role within the family
resort to crime and violence in order to prove themselves men
(murray) what exists amongst the underclass?
lack of disapproval and social control - don't care about crime, they expect it
what does murray say the solution to crime is?
reducing welfare benefits
mothers have to turn to husbands as a breadwinner
fathers remain in their role providing discipline and a male role model for their kids
what does murray say happens to the boys of single mothers?
lack of socialisation and respect for norms and values more likely to resort to crime
Hirschi - the stronger a teens bonds with parents and teachers the less likely they would do what?
Rational choice theory says crime is based on what?
A choice of benefits vs risks
RCT - of punishments are too lenient there is a low what?
Cost of crime so more people will commit it
RCT - to reduce opportunity for crime what needs to be put in place?
RCT - criticism - assumes all crimes are rational and what?
RCT - criticism - ignore what types of crime?
RCT - criticism - assumes everybody would be what?
Tempted to commit crime
What did Wilson and Kelling talk about?