2.2 Class inequalities in employment Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2.2 Class inequalities in employment Deck (16)
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1

in most workplaces there is a hierarchy of occupations with what?

higher status jobs enjoying more pay and advantages

2

weberian sociologists say inequalities in employment reflect what?

market situation of workers

3

weberian sociologists say those with more skill have what?

higher rewards
more bargaining power

4

functionalist see inequalities in employment being based on what?

meritocracy

5

Marxists argue employment inequalities derive from what?

the needs of the bourgeoisie to drive wages down and profits up

6

Marxists - why are managers well paid?

they act as agents of the ruling class ensuring profitability of business

7

employment inequalities are not only about pay but other types of rewards such as what?

financial rewards
status
power and control
opportunity for advancement
job satisfaction
job security

8

financial rewards - what are routine workers less likely to enjoy?

higher pay
occupational pensions
paid sick leave

9

status - what do differences in status reflect?

differences in income

10

status - give examples of how differences in status are shown:

different uniforms e.g. in the police
different canteens or rest facilities for different grades of workers

11

power and control - more senior staff have more what?

control over their jobs

12

power and control - give examples of how senior staff have more control:

decisions on how they do their jobs
less close supervision
e.g. meetings or taking rest breaks

13

opportunity for advancement - what often happens to manual/routine workers?

they stay at the same level throughout their lives

14

opportunity for advancement - in professional and managerial jobs what is there often?

a career ladder
progression opportunity

15

job satisfaction - what are routine jobs more likely to be?

repetitive
lacking creativity

16

job security - manual and routine workers are more likely to face what?

job loss and unemployment

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