Flashcards in 2.2 Class inequalities in employment Deck (16)
in most workplaces there is a hierarchy of occupations with what?
higher status jobs enjoying more pay and advantages
weberian sociologists say inequalities in employment reflect what?
market situation of workers
weberian sociologists say those with more skill have what?
more bargaining power
functionalist see inequalities in employment being based on what?
Marxists argue employment inequalities derive from what?
the needs of the bourgeoisie to drive wages down and profits up
Marxists - why are managers well paid?
they act as agents of the ruling class ensuring profitability of business
employment inequalities are not only about pay but other types of rewards such as what?
power and control
opportunity for advancement
financial rewards - what are routine workers less likely to enjoy?
paid sick leave
status - what do differences in status reflect?
differences in income
status - give examples of how differences in status are shown:
different uniforms e.g. in the police
different canteens or rest facilities for different grades of workers
power and control - more senior staff have more what?
control over their jobs
power and control - give examples of how senior staff have more control:
decisions on how they do their jobs
less close supervision
e.g. meetings or taking rest breaks
opportunity for advancement - what often happens to manual/routine workers?
they stay at the same level throughout their lives
opportunity for advancement - in professional and managerial jobs what is there often?
a career ladder
job satisfaction - what are routine jobs more likely to be?