3.2 Crime & Deviance, Police Stats Flashcards Preview

A Level Sociology > 3.2 Crime & Deviance, Police Stats > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.2 Crime & Deviance, Police Stats Deck (36)
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1

What is crime?

A wrong act punishable by law e.g. Robbery

2

What is deviance?

Breaking social norms e.g. Wearing a bin bag to work

3

What is social order?

General conformity to norms and values

4

What is social control?

The processes, mechanisms and institutions persuading us to conform

5

Give an example of formal social control?

Police - laws

6

Give an example of informal social control-

E.g. Gossip

7

Functionalists see social order and control as what and why?

Good
Without it there wouldn't be value consensus and society would fall apart

8

The new right see society as already falling apart so what is needed?

Strict rules and control

9

Marxists and feminists see social order and control as just enforcing what?

The norms of one group at the expense of others

10

(Official stats) according to the stats who are most likely to commit crime?

Young working class males

11

(Official stats) who produce the official crime stats?

Police
Courts
Prisons

12

(Official stats) what are the 5 stages of a crime getting in to the stats?

1. Detection (recognising the crime)
2. Reporting crime
3. Police record the crime
4. Crime cleared up (solved)
5. Offender caught & punished

13

(Police stats) strengths - they are easy to what?

Access as they are already compiled

14

(Police stats) strengths - the police figures are up to date and what s?

Standardised

15

(Police stats) strengths - it is easy to see what?

Trends and make comparisons

16

(Police stats) strengths - they are large scale covering what?

The whole population- representative

17

(Police stats) strengths - why can we see trends and patterns overtime?

They go back many years

18

(Police stats) strengths - they don't raise what type of issue?

Ethical issues

19

(Police stats) weaknesses - what crimes do the stats not include?

Undetected and unrecorded crime

20

(Police stats) weaknesses - why might victims not report crime to the police?

Embarrassment
Or they don't detect a crime has been committed

21

(Police stats) weaknesses - police have what d over recording crime?

Discretion

22

(Police stats) weaknesses - why might police not record a crime?

Petty crime
Or reoccurring calls e.g. Same couple having fights

23

(Police stats) weaknesses - the stats don't provide a complete picture of what?

Each crime or criminal e.g. Employment status

24

(Police stats) weaknesses - why may accuracy of the stats vary between areas?

Crackdown on certain areas or particular targets

25

(Police stats) weaknesses - if a crime has been recently publicised what is likely to occur?

More reports of this crime as people recognise it as a crime

26

(Police stats) weaknesses - they aren't always comparable over time as changes can occur in what?

Laws or definitions

27

(Police stats) weaknesses - why might some crimes disappear from the stats?

Pressure on the police to meet certain targets

28

(Stats) what is the dark figure of crime?

Undetected, unreported and unrecorded crime not included within the stats e.g. Petty theft, assault, domestic violence, rape

29

(Manipulation of police stats) what is coughing?

Police encourage offender to admit to a series of less serious offences in return of a reduced sentence to improve clear up rate

30

(Manipulation of police stats) what is cuffing?

Crimes reported and initially recorded are removed from the stats

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