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Flashcards in 1EXAM- HWL11 Vocab Deck (238)
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Q

ennui

A

(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

1
Q

castigate

A

(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely

2
Q

syn- (adj.) revolutionary, rebellious, mutinious

ant- (adj.) loyalist, loyal, faithful

A

insurgent

3
Q

demagogue

A

(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

4
Q

fetter

A

(n. ) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains
(v. ) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

5
Q

contrive

A

(v.) to plan with ingenuity; to bring about through a plan

6
Q

vicarious

A

(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another

7
Q

syn- (n.) bond, restraint; (v.) bind, hamper

ant- (v.) free, liberate, emancipate

A

fetter

8
Q

syn- unchangeable, unalterable, fixed, invariable

ant- changeable, inconstant, variable, fickle

A

immutable

9
Q

syn- overstep, trespass

ant- obey, toe the line

A

transgress

10
Q

syn- innuendo, calumny

ant- endorsement, praise

A

aspersion

11
Q

anomalous

A

(adj.) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

12
Q

sinecure

A

(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

13
Q

syn- delusions of grandeur

ant- modesty, self-abasement

A

megalomania

14
Q

bizarre

A

(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical

15
Q

syn- rabble-rouser, firebrand

A

demagogue

16
Q

heinous

A

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

17
Q

syn- transform, convert

ant- preserve, maintain

A

transmute

18
Q

syn- tactless, ungracious

ant- tactful diplomatic

A

brusque

19
Q

immutable

A

(adj.) not subject to change, constant

20
Q

transmute

A

(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

21
Q

brusque

A

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

22
Q

syn- grotesque, fantastic, outlandish

ant- normal, typical, ordinary, expected

A

bizarre

23
Q

surreptitious

A

(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

24
Q

aspersion

A

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

25
Q

disabuse

A

(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

26
Q

syn- languor, world-weariness, listlessness

ant- enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity

A

ennui

27
Q

transgress

A

(v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law

28
Q

syn- wheedle, inveigle

ant- coerce, force

A

cajole

29
Q

insurgent

A

(n. ) one who rebels or rises against authority

(adj. ) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

30
Q

megalomania

A

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

31
Q

syn- surrogate, secondhand

ant- actual, firsthand

A

vicarious

32
Q

syn- chastise, censure

ant- honor, praise, laud

A

castigate

33
Q

syn- “no-show” job, cushy job, “plum”

A

sinecure

34
Q

syn- furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed

ant- open, frank, aboveboard, overt

A

surreptitious

35
Q

syn- think up, concoct, fabricate

A

contrive

36
Q

syn- evil, odious, outrageous

ant- excellent, wonderful, splendid

A

heinous

37
Q

syn- undeceive, enlighten

ant- deceive, delude, pull wool over one’s eyes

A

disabuse

38
Q

cajole

A

(v.) to coax, persuade though flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

39
Q

syn- exceptional, unusual, aberrant

ant- normal, regular, customary, typical, ordinary

A

anomalous

40
Q

caveat

A

(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

41
Q

vapid

A

(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

42
Q

syn- home rule

ant- dependence, subjection

A

autonomy

43
Q

equitable

A

(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

44
Q

extricate

A

(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort

45
Q

precept

A

(n.) a rule of conduct or action

46
Q

syn- lifeless, colorless

ant- zesty, spicy, colorful

A

vapid

47
Q

syn- disentangle, extract

ant- enmesh, entangle

A

extricate

48
Q

axiomatic

A

(adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally acceptable principle

49
Q

flout

A

(v.) to mock, treat with contempt

50
Q

syn- principle, maxim

A

precept

51
Q

transient

A

(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time

52
Q

syn- broadcast, trumpet

ant- hide, conceal, bury

A

blazon

53
Q

syn- highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy

ant- lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute

A

straitlaced

54
Q

syn- pilfer, purloin, swipe

A

filch

55
Q

syn- right, reasonable, evenhanded

ant- unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate

A

equitable

56
Q

autonomy

A

(n.) self-government, political control

57
Q

syn- lugubrious, mortuary

A

sepulchral

58
Q

sepulchral

A

(adj.) funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal

59
Q

syn- taken for granted

ant- questionable, dubious

A

axiomatic

60
Q

syn- bulky, clumsy, impractical

ant- manageable, easy to handle

A

unwieldy

61
Q

syn- salubrious, curative

ant- detrimental, deleterious

A

salutary

62
Q

blazon

A

(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely

63
Q

filch

A

(v.)to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

64
Q

syn: reprieve

A

amnesty

65
Q

straitlaced

A

(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical

66
Q

scathing

A

(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm

67
Q

syn- (v.) flog, beat (n.) bane, plague, pestilence

ant- (n.) godsend, boon, blessing

A

scourge

68
Q

syn- (n.) narcotic, anesthetic

ant- (adj.) stimulating; (n.) stimulant, stimulus

A

soporific

69
Q

unwieldy

A

(adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

70
Q

syn- sneer at, snicker at, scorn

ant- obey, honor

A

flout

71
Q

fractious

A

(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

72
Q

salutary

A

(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome

73
Q

syn- admonition, word to the wise

A

caveat

74
Q

scourge

A

(v. ) to whip; punish severely

(n. ) a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism

75
Q

syn-refractory, recalcitrant, peevish

ant-docile, tractable, cooperative

A

fractious

76
Q

syn- (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent

ant- (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal

A

transient

77
Q

syn- searing, harsh, savage

ant- bland, mild

A

scathing

78
Q

soporific

A

(adj. ) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy
(n. ) something that induces sleep

79
Q

amnesty

A

(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a govern,ent; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

80
Q

syn- inferior, cheesy

ant- superior, first-rate

A

sleazy

81
Q

affable

A

(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

82
Q

repudiate

A

(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of

83
Q

syn- (adj.) bootleg, unlawful

ant- (adj.) legal, lawful, licit

A

contraband

84
Q

syn- impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmatic

ant- comprehensible, intelligible, penetrable

A

inscrutable

85
Q

syn- petulant, irritable

ant- uncomplaining, stoical

A

querulous

86
Q

aggrandize

A

(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater

87
Q

erudite

A

(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pendantic

88
Q

insular

A

(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience

89
Q

syn- profoundly, educated, well-read

ant- ignorant, uneducated, illiterate

A

erudite

90
Q

contraband

A

(n. ) illegal traffic, smuggled goods

(adj. ) illegal, prohibited

91
Q

sleazy

A

(adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable

92
Q

syn- augment, amplify, enhance, exalt

ant- reduce, decrease, diminish

A

aggrandize

93
Q

syn- natural bent, proclivity, penchant

ant- natural incapacity or incability

A

propensity

94
Q

syn- disavow, renounce

ant- avow, affirm, aver

A

repudiate

95
Q

reverberate

A

(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly

96
Q

amorphous

A

(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion

97
Q

syn- formless, unstructured, inchoate

ant- definite, well-defined, clear-cut

A

amorphous

98
Q

syn- obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative

ant- decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified

A

scurrilous

99
Q

remonstrate

A

(v.) to argue with someone against something, protest against

100
Q

syn- unrecallable, unalterable

ant- reversible, changeable

A

irrevocable

101
Q

syn- reason against, expostulate

A

remonstrate

102
Q

syn- model, prototype, epitome

A

archetype

103
Q

syn- narrow-minded, parochial, provincial

ant- catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal

A

insular

104
Q

syn- genial, amicable, cordial

ant- surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable

A

affable

105
Q

irrevocable

A

(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back

106
Q

sedulous

A

(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination

107
Q

archetype

A

(n.) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example of a particular type of person or thing

108
Q

aura

A

(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality

109
Q

syn- rumble, thunder, boom, echo

A

reverberate

110
Q

syn- assidious, indefatigable

ant- indolent, listless

A

sedulous

111
Q

gossamer

A

(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial

((n.) a very thin, light cloth

112
Q

syn- springy, elastic

ant- rigid, stiff, inflexible

A

resilient

113
Q

querulous

A

(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful

114
Q

syn- ambience, atmosphere

A

aura

115
Q

scurrilous

A

(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed

116
Q

syn- (adj.) filmy, diapahnous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy

ant- (adj.) dense, solid, massive

A

gossamer

117
Q

propensity

A

(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

118
Q

inscrutable

A

(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically

119
Q

resilient

A

(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly

120
Q

ferment

A

(n. ) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence

(v. ) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action

121
Q

vitriolic

A

(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)

122
Q

syn- titular, inconsequential

ant- actual, exorbitant

A

nominal

123
Q

syn- extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous

ant- essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital

A

adventitious

124
Q

expiate

A

(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert

125
Q

seditious

A

(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government

126
Q

adventitious

A

(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital

127
Q

inadvertent

A

(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

128
Q

syn- poise, self-assurance, equanimity

ant- excitability, hysteria, flappability

A

sangroid

129
Q

syn- accidental

ant- deliberate, intentional

A

inadvertent

130
Q

syn- bid, charge, adjure

ant- allow, permit

A

enjoin

131
Q

syn- impute, credit

A

ascribe

132
Q

syn- flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy

ant- strong, solid, substantial, valid

A

tenuous

133
Q

peculate

A

(v.) to steal something that has been given into one’s trust; to take improperly for one’s own use

134
Q

sangfroid

A

(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances

135
Q

syn- defraud, misappropriate

A

peculate

136
Q

noncommittal

A

(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position

137
Q

ascribe

A

(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute

138
Q

abominate

A

(v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for

139
Q

commiserate

A

(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

140
Q

nominal

A

(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

141
Q

wheedle

A

(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

142
Q

acculturation

A

(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend

143
Q

proclivity

A

(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

144
Q

syn- (n.) commotion, turmoil, unrest

ant- (n.) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity

A

ferment

145
Q

circuitous

A

(adj.) roundabout, not direct

146
Q

syn- feel sorry for, empathize

ant- feel no sympathy for

A

commiserate

147
Q

syn- inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk

ant- coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm

A

wheedle

148
Q

tenuous

A

(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported

149
Q

syn- mutinous, rebellious, subversive

ant- supportive, faithful, allegiant

A

seditious

150
Q

syn- withering, acerbic, mordant

ant- bland, saccharine, honeyed, surgary

A

vitrolic

151
Q

syn- loathe, abhor, despise, detest

ant- relish, savor, esteem

A

abominate

152
Q

syn- indirect, meandering, winding

ant- straight, direct, as the crow flies

A

circuitous

153
Q

enjoin

A

(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit

154
Q

syn- penchant, propensity

ant- inability, incapacity

A

proclivity

155
Q

syn- accelerate, facilitate, speed up

ant- hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct

A

expedite

156
Q

syn- cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
ant- positive, definite, committed

A

noncommittal

157
Q

syn- adaptation

A

acculturation

158
Q

expedite

A

(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster

159
Q

syn- redeem, make amends for, make reparation

A

expiate

160
Q

permeate

A

(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

161
Q

syn- stern, rigorous, tough, urgent

ant- lenient, mild, lax, permissive

A

stringent

162
Q

surmise

A

(v. ) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess
(n. ) likely idea that lacks definite proof

163
Q

callow

A

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

164
Q

intrinsic

A

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

165
Q

precipitate

A

(v. ) to fall as moisture; to bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to
(adj. ) characterized by excessive haste
(n. ) moisture; the product of an action or process

166
Q

occult

A

(adj. ) secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; mysterious, magical, uncanny
(v. ) to hide, cover up; eclipse
(n. ) matters involving the supernatural

167
Q

syn- chiliad, golden age

ant- doomsday

A

millennium

168
Q

syn- fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor

ant- energy, vitality, animation, liveliness

A

lassitude

169
Q

inveigh

A

(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

170
Q

syn- inflated, highfalutin, pretentious

ant- unadorned, simple, plain, austere

A

bombastic

171
Q

lassitude

A

(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

172
Q

ex officio

A

(adj., adv.) by virtue or holding a certain office

173
Q

syn- entreat, implore, adjure

ant- discourage, advise against, deprecate

A

exhort

174
Q

syn- harangue, remonstrate

ant- acclaim, glorify, extol

A

inveigh

175
Q

syn- abstract, digest, archetype

A

epitome

176
Q

epitome

A

(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

177
Q

stringent

A

(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

178
Q

millennium

A

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

179
Q

syn- trespasser, meddler, buttinsky

A

interloper

180
Q

ameliorate

A

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

181
Q

interloper

A

(n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

182
Q

syn- (adj.) esoteric, abstruse, arcane

ant- (adj.) mundane, common, public, exoteric

A

occult

183
Q

bombastic

A

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

184
Q

syn- enroach, impinge, intrude

ant- stay in bounds, comply

A

infringe

185
Q

syn- (v.) infer, gather (n.) inference, presumption

A

surmise

186
Q

syn- amend, better

ant- worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

A

ameliorate

187
Q

infringe

A

(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

188
Q

aplomb

A

(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

189
Q

syn- (n.) balderdash, tommyrot

ant- (v.) slaver

A

drivel

190
Q

drivel

A

(n. ) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense
(v. ) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

191
Q

exhort

A

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

192
Q

syn- green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced

ant- mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

A

callow

193
Q

ingratiate

A

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

194
Q

syn- immanent, organic

ant- extrinsic, external, outward

A

intrinsic

195
Q

syn- (v.) provoke, produce (adj.) reckless, impetuous

ant- (adj.) wary, circumspect

A

precipitate

196
Q

syn- cozy up to, curry favor with

ant- humiliate oneself

A

ingratiate

197
Q

syn- composure, self-possession, levelheadedness

ant- confusion, embarrassment, abashment

A

aplomb

198
Q

syn- surpass, outstrip

A

transcend

199
Q

syn- mitigate, slake, allay

ant- intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

A

assuage

200
Q

syn- perquisite, perk

A

prerogative

201
Q

syn- mealymouthed, fawning, greasy

ant- gruff, blunt

A

unctuous

202
Q

assauge

A

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

203
Q

prerogative

A

(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing exellence

204
Q

petulant

A

(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

205
Q

syn- pause, lacuna

ant- continuity, continuation

A

hiatus

206
Q

syn- banal, trite, commonplace, corny

ant- new, fresh, novel, original

A

hackneyed

207
Q

expostulate

A

(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

208
Q

umbrage

A

(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion

209
Q

syn- insinuation, intimation

ant- direct statement

A

innuendo

210
Q

syn- evoke, extract, educe

ant- repress, quash, squelch, stifle

A

elicit

211
Q

innuendo

A

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

212
Q

syn- alliance, league, federation, combine

ant- splinter group

A

coalition

213
Q

simulate

A

(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

214
Q

hiatus

A

(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

215
Q

unctuous

A

(adj.) excessively smooth or smug trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

216
Q

elicit

A

(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

217
Q

approbation

A

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

218
Q

syn- praiseworthy, laudable, commendable

ant- blameworthy, reprehesible

A

meritorious

219
Q

coalition

A

(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

220
Q

decadence

A

(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

221
Q

syn-sanction

ant- disapproval, condemnation, censure

A

approbation

222
Q

lurid

A

(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint

223
Q

syn- degeneration, corruption

ant- rise, growth, maturation

A

decadence

224
Q

hackneyed

A

(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality

225
Q

intercede

A

(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

226
Q

syn- irritation, pique

ant- pleasure, delight, satisfaction

A

umbrage

227
Q

syn- protest, remonstrate, complain

A

expostulate

228
Q

jaded

A

(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

229
Q

meritorious

A

(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise

230
Q

syn- irritable, testy, waspish

ant- amiable, placid

A

petulant

231
Q

syn- (adj.) narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive

ant- (adj.) cosmopolitan, broad-minded

A

provincial

232
Q

syn- intervene, mediate

A

intercede

233
Q

provincial

A

(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony

234
Q

syn- sated, surfeited, cloyed

ant- unspoiled, uncloyed

A

jaded

235
Q

syn- gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly

ant- pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

A

lurid

236
Q

transcend

A

(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed

237
Q

syn- pretend, affect

A

simulate