1EXAM- HWL11 Vocab Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1EXAM- HWL11 Vocab Deck (238):
0

castigate

(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely

1

ennui

(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

2

syn- (adj.) revolutionary, rebellious, mutinious
ant- (adj.) loyalist, loyal, faithful

insurgent

3

demagogue

(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

4

fetter

(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains
(v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

5

contrive

(v.) to plan with ingenuity; to bring about through a plan

6

vicarious

(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another

7

syn- (n.) bond, restraint; (v.) bind, hamper
ant- (v.) free, liberate, emancipate

fetter

8

syn- unchangeable, unalterable, fixed, invariable
ant- changeable, inconstant, variable, fickle

immutable

9

syn- overstep, trespass
ant- obey, toe the line

transgress

10

syn- innuendo, calumny
ant- endorsement, praise

aspersion

11

anomalous

(adj.) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

12

sinecure

(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

13

syn- delusions of grandeur
ant- modesty, self-abasement

megalomania

14

bizarre

(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical

15

syn- rabble-rouser, firebrand

demagogue

16

heinous

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

17

syn- transform, convert
ant- preserve, maintain

transmute

18

syn- tactless, ungracious
ant- tactful diplomatic

brusque

19

immutable

(adj.) not subject to change, constant

20

transmute

(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

21

brusque

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

22

syn- grotesque, fantastic, outlandish
ant- normal, typical, ordinary, expected

bizarre

23

surreptitious

(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

24

aspersion

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

25

disabuse

(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

26

syn- languor, world-weariness, listlessness
ant- enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity

ennui

27

transgress

(v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law

28

syn- wheedle, inveigle
ant- coerce, force

cajole

29

insurgent

(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority
(adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

30

megalomania

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

31

syn- surrogate, secondhand
ant- actual, firsthand

vicarious

32

syn- chastise, censure
ant- honor, praise, laud

castigate

33

syn- "no-show" job, cushy job, "plum"

sinecure

34

syn- furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed
ant- open, frank, aboveboard, overt

surreptitious

35

syn- think up, concoct, fabricate

contrive

36

syn- evil, odious, outrageous
ant- excellent, wonderful, splendid

heinous

37

syn- undeceive, enlighten
ant- deceive, delude, pull wool over one's eyes

disabuse

38

cajole

(v.) to coax, persuade though flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

39

syn- exceptional, unusual, aberrant
ant- normal, regular, customary, typical, ordinary

anomalous

40

caveat

(n.) a warning or caution to prevent misunderstanding or discourage behavior

41

vapid

(adj.) dull, uninteresting, tiresome; lacking in sharpness, flavor, liveliness, or force

42

syn- home rule
ant- dependence, subjection

autonomy

43

equitable

(adj.) fair, just, embodying principles of justice

44

extricate

(v.) to free from entanglements or difficulties; to remove with effort

45

precept

(n.) a rule of conduct or action

46

syn- lifeless, colorless
ant- zesty, spicy, colorful

vapid

47

syn- disentangle, extract
ant- enmesh, entangle

extricate

48

axiomatic

(adj.) self-evident, expressing a universally acceptable principle

49

flout

(v.) to mock, treat with contempt

50

syn- principle, maxim

precept

51

transient

(adj.) lasting only a short time, fleeting; (n.) one who stays only a short time

52

syn- broadcast, trumpet
ant- hide, conceal, bury

blazon

53

syn- highly conventional, overly strict, stuffy
ant- lax, loose, indulgent, permissive, dissolute

straitlaced

54

syn- pilfer, purloin, swipe

filch

55

syn- right, reasonable, evenhanded
ant- unjust, unfair, one-sided, disproportionate

equitable

56

autonomy

(n.) self-government, political control

57

syn- lugubrious, mortuary

sepulchral

58

sepulchral

(adj.) funereal, typical of the tomb; extremely gloomy or dismal

59

syn- taken for granted
ant- questionable, dubious

axiomatic

60

syn- bulky, clumsy, impractical
ant- manageable, easy to handle

unwieldy

61

syn- salubrious, curative
ant- detrimental, deleterious

salutary

62

blazon

(v.) to adorn or embellish; to display conspicuously; to publish or proclaim widely

63

filch

(v.)to steal, especially in a sneaky way and in petty amounts

64

syn: reprieve

amnesty

65

straitlaced

(adj.) extremely strict in regard to moral standards and conduct; prudish, puritanical

66

scathing

(adj.) bitterly severe, withering; causing great harm

67

syn- (v.) flog, beat (n.) bane, plague, pestilence
ant- (n.) godsend, boon, blessing

scourge

68

syn- (n.) narcotic, anesthetic
ant- (adj.) stimulating; (n.) stimulant, stimulus

soporific

69

unwieldy

(adj.) not easily carried, handled, or managed because of size or complexity

70

syn- sneer at, snicker at, scorn
ant- obey, honor

flout

71

fractious

(adj.) tending to be troublesome; unruly, quarrelsome, contrary; unpredictable

72

salutary

(adj.) beneficial, helpful; healthful, wholesome

73

syn- admonition, word to the wise

caveat

74

scourge

(v.) to whip; punish severely
(n.) a cause of affliction or suffering; a source of severe punishment or criticism

75

syn-refractory, recalcitrant, peevish
ant-docile, tractable, cooperative

fractious

76

syn- (adj.) impermanent, ephemeral, evanescent
ant- (adj.) permanent, imperishable, immortal

transient

77

syn- searing, harsh, savage
ant- bland, mild

scathing

78

soporific

(adj.) tending to cause sleep, relating to sleepiness or lethargy
(n.) something that induces sleep

79

amnesty

(n.) a general pardon for an offense against a govern,ent; in general, any act of forgiveness or absolution

80

syn- inferior, cheesy
ant- superior, first-rate

sleazy

81

affable

(adj.) courteous and pleasant, sociable, easy to speak to

82

repudiate

(v.) to disown, reject, or deny the validity of

83

syn- (adj.) bootleg, unlawful
ant- (adj.) legal, lawful, licit

contraband

84

syn- impenetrable, incomprehensible, enigmatic
ant- comprehensible, intelligible, penetrable

inscrutable

85

syn- petulant, irritable
ant- uncomplaining, stoical

querulous

86

aggrandize

(v.) to increase in greatness, power, or wealth; to build up or intensify; to make appear greater

87

erudite

(adj.) scholarly, learned, bookish, pendantic

88

insular

(adj.) relating to, characteristic of, or situated on an island; narrow or isolated in outlook or experience

89

syn- profoundly, educated, well-read
ant- ignorant, uneducated, illiterate

erudite

90

contraband

(n.) illegal traffic, smuggled goods
(adj.) illegal, prohibited

91

sleazy

(adj.) thin or flimsy in texture; cheap; shoddy or inferior in quality or character; ethically low, mean, or disreputable

92

syn- augment, amplify, enhance, exalt
ant- reduce, decrease, diminish

aggrandize

93

syn- natural bent, proclivity, penchant
ant- natural incapacity or incability

propensity

94

syn- disavow, renounce
ant- avow, affirm, aver

repudiate

95

reverberate

(v.) to re-echo, resound; to reflect or be reflected repeatedly

96

amorphous

(adj.) shapeless, without definite form; of no particular type or character; without organization, unity, or cohesion

97

syn- formless, unstructured, inchoate
ant- definite, well-defined, clear-cut

amorphous

98

syn- obscene, filthy, abusive, vituperative
ant- decorous, seemly, tasteful, dignified

scurrilous

99

remonstrate

(v.) to argue with someone against something, protest against

100

syn- unrecallable, unalterable
ant- reversible, changeable

irrevocable

101

syn- reason against, expostulate

remonstrate

102

syn- model, prototype, epitome

archetype

103

syn- narrow-minded, parochial, provincial
ant- catholic, cosmopolitan, liberal

insular

104

syn- genial, amicable, cordial
ant- surly, cantankerous, dour, inhospitable

affable

105

irrevocable

(adj.) incapable of being changed or called back

106

sedulous

(adj.) persistent, showing industry and determination

107

archetype

(n.) an original model on which something was patterned or replicated; the ideal example of a particular type of person or thing

108

aura

(n.) that which surrounds (as an atmosphere); a distinctive air or personal quality

109

syn- rumble, thunder, boom, echo

reverberate

110

syn- assidious, indefatigable
ant- indolent, listless

sedulous

111

gossamer

(adj.) thin, light, delicate, insubstantial
((n.) a very thin, light cloth

112

syn- springy, elastic
ant- rigid, stiff, inflexible

resilient

113

querulous

(adj.) peevish, complaining, fretful

114

syn- ambience, atmosphere

aura

115

scurrilous

(adj.) coarsely abusive, vulgar or low (especially in language), foul-mouthed

116

syn- (adj.) filmy, diapahnous, sheer, airy, feathery, gauzy
ant- (adj.) dense, solid, massive

gossamer

117

propensity

(n.) a natural inclination or predilection toward

118

inscrutable

(adj.) incapable of being understood; impossible to see through physically

119

resilient

(adj.) able to return to an original shape or form; able to recover quickly

120

ferment

(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence
(v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action

121

vitriolic

(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)

122

syn- titular, inconsequential
ant- actual, exorbitant

nominal

123

syn- extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
ant- essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital

adventitious

124

expiate

(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert

125

seditious

(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government

126

adventitious

(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital

127

inadvertent

(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

128

syn- poise, self-assurance, equanimity
ant- excitability, hysteria, flappability

sangroid

129

syn- accidental
ant- deliberate, intentional

inadvertent

130

syn- bid, charge, adjure
ant- allow, permit

enjoin

131

syn- impute, credit

ascribe

132

syn- flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
ant- strong, solid, substantial, valid

tenuous

133

peculate

(v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use

134

sangfroid

(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances

135

syn- defraud, misappropriate

peculate

136

noncommittal

(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position

137

ascribe

(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute

138

abominate

(v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for

139

commiserate

(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

140

nominal

(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

141

wheedle

(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

142

acculturation

(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend

143

proclivity

(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

144

syn- (n.) commotion, turmoil, unrest
ant- (n.) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity

ferment

145

circuitous

(adj.) roundabout, not direct

146

syn- feel sorry for, empathize
ant- feel no sympathy for

commiserate

147

syn- inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
ant- coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm

wheedle

148

tenuous

(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported

149

syn- mutinous, rebellious, subversive
ant- supportive, faithful, allegiant

seditious

150

syn- withering, acerbic, mordant
ant- bland, saccharine, honeyed, surgary

vitrolic

151

syn- loathe, abhor, despise, detest
ant- relish, savor, esteem

abominate

152

syn- indirect, meandering, winding
ant- straight, direct, as the crow flies

circuitous

153

enjoin

(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit

154

syn- penchant, propensity
ant- inability, incapacity

proclivity

155

syn- accelerate, facilitate, speed up
ant- hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct

expedite

156

syn- cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
ant- positive, definite, committed

noncommittal

157

syn- adaptation

acculturation

158

expedite

(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster

159

syn- redeem, make amends for, make reparation

expiate

160

permeate

(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

161

syn- stern, rigorous, tough, urgent
ant- lenient, mild, lax, permissive

stringent

162

surmise

(v.) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess
(n.) likely idea that lacks definite proof

163

callow

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

164

intrinsic

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

165

precipitate

(v.) to fall as moisture; to bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to
(adj.) characterized by excessive haste
(n.) moisture; the product of an action or process

166

occult

(adj.) secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; mysterious, magical, uncanny
(v.) to hide, cover up; eclipse
(n.) matters involving the supernatural

167

syn- chiliad, golden age
ant- doomsday

millennium

168

syn- fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor
ant- energy, vitality, animation, liveliness

lassitude

169

inveigh

(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

170

syn- inflated, highfalutin, pretentious
ant- unadorned, simple, plain, austere

bombastic

171

lassitude

(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

172

ex officio

(adj., adv.) by virtue or holding a certain office

173

syn- entreat, implore, adjure
ant- discourage, advise against, deprecate

exhort

174

syn- harangue, remonstrate
ant- acclaim, glorify, extol

inveigh

175

syn- abstract, digest, archetype

epitome

176

epitome

(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

177

stringent

(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

178

millennium

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

179

syn- trespasser, meddler, buttinsky

interloper

180

ameliorate

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

181

interloper

(n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

182

syn- (adj.) esoteric, abstruse, arcane
ant- (adj.) mundane, common, public, exoteric

occult

183

bombastic

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

184

syn- enroach, impinge, intrude
ant- stay in bounds, comply

infringe

185

syn- (v.) infer, gather (n.) inference, presumption

surmise

186

syn- amend, better
ant- worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

ameliorate

187

infringe

(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

188

aplomb

(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

189

syn- (n.) balderdash, tommyrot
ant- (v.) slaver

drivel

190

drivel

(n.) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense
(v.) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

191

exhort

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

192

syn- green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced
ant- mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

callow

193

ingratiate

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

194

syn- immanent, organic
ant- extrinsic, external, outward

intrinsic

195

syn- (v.) provoke, produce (adj.) reckless, impetuous
ant- (adj.) wary, circumspect

precipitate

196

syn- cozy up to, curry favor with
ant- humiliate oneself

ingratiate

197

syn- composure, self-possession, levelheadedness
ant- confusion, embarrassment, abashment

aplomb

198

syn- surpass, outstrip

transcend

199

syn- mitigate, slake, allay
ant- intensify, aggravate, exacerbate

assuage

200

syn- perquisite, perk

prerogative

201

syn- mealymouthed, fawning, greasy
ant- gruff, blunt

unctuous

202

assauge

(v.) to make easier or milder, relieve; to quiet, calm; to put an end to, appease, satisfy, quench

203

prerogative

(n.) a special right or privilege; a special quality showing exellence

204

petulant

(adj.) peevish, annoyed by trifles, easily irritated and upset

205

syn- pause, lacuna
ant- continuity, continuation

hiatus

206

syn- banal, trite, commonplace, corny
ant- new, fresh, novel, original

hackneyed

207

expostulate

(v.) to attempt to dissuade someone from some course or decision by earnest reasoning

208

umbrage

(n.) shade cast by trees; foliage giving shade; an overshadowing influence or power; offense, resentment; a vague suspicion

209

syn- insinuation, intimation
ant- direct statement

innuendo

210

syn- evoke, extract, educe
ant- repress, quash, squelch, stifle

elicit

211

innuendo

(n.) a hint, indirect suggestion, or reference (often in a derogatory sense)

212

syn- alliance, league, federation, combine
ant- splinter group

coalition

213

simulate

(v.) to make a pretense of, imitate; to show the outer signs of

214

hiatus

(n.) a gap, opening, break (in the sense of having an element missing)

215

unctuous

(adj.) excessively smooth or smug trying too hard to give an impression of earnestness, sincerity, or piety; fatty, oily; pliable

216

elicit

(v.) to draw forth, bring out from some source (such as another person)

217

approbation

(n.) the expression of approval or favorable opinion, praise; official approval

218

syn- praiseworthy, laudable, commendable
ant- blameworthy, reprehesible

meritorious

219

coalition

(n.) a combination, union, or merger for some specific purpose

220

decadence

(n.) decline, decay, or deterioration; a condition or period of decline or decay; excessive self-indulgence

221

syn-sanction
ant- disapproval, condemnation, censure

approbation

222

lurid

(adj.) causing shock, horror, or revulsion; sensational; pale or sallow in color; terrible or passionate in intensity or lack of restraint

223

syn- degeneration, corruption
ant- rise, growth, maturation

decadence

224

hackneyed

(adj.) used so often as to lack freshness or originality

225

intercede

(v.) to plead on behalf of someone else; to serve as a third party or go-between in a disagreement

226

syn- irritation, pique
ant- pleasure, delight, satisfaction

umbrage

227

syn- protest, remonstrate, complain

expostulate

228

jaded

(adj.) wearied, worn-out, dulled (in the sense of being satiated by excessive indulgence)

229

meritorious

(adj.) worthy, deserving recognition and praise

230

syn- irritable, testy, waspish
ant- amiable, placid

petulant

231

syn- (adj.) narrow-minded, parochial, insular, naive
ant- (adj.) cosmopolitan, broad-minded

provincial

232

syn- intervene, mediate

intercede

233

provincial

(adj.) pertaining to an outlying area; local; narrow in mind or outlook, countrified in the sense of being limited and backward; of a simple, plain design that originated in the countryside; (n.) a person with a narrow point of view; a person from an outlying area; a soldier from a province or colony

234

syn- sated, surfeited, cloyed
ant- unspoiled, uncloyed

jaded

235

syn- gruesome, gory, grisly, baleful, ghastly
ant- pleasant, attractive, appealing, wholesome

lurid

236

transcend

(v.) to rise above or beyond, exceed

237

syn- pretend, affect

simulate