lit vocab unit 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in lit vocab unit 2 Deck (38)
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0
Q

syn- amend, better

ant- worsen, aggravate, exacerbate

A

ameliorate

1
Q

ameliorate

A

(v.) to improve, make better, correct a flaw or shortcoming

2
Q

aplomb

A

(n.) poise, assurance, great self-confidence; perpendicularity

3
Q

syn- composure, self-possession, levelheadedness

ant- confusion, embarrassment, abashment

A

aplomb

4
Q

bombastic

A

(adj.) pompous or overblown in language; full of high-sounding words intended to conceal a lack of ideas

5
Q

syn- inflated, highfalutin, pretentious

ant- unadorned, simple, plain, austere

A

bombastic

6
Q

callow

A

(adj.) without experience; immature, not fully developed; lacking sophistication and poise; without feathers

7
Q

syn- green, raw, unfledged, inexperienced

ant- mature, grown-up, polished, sophisticated

A

callow

8
Q

drivel

A

(n. ) saliva or mucus flowing from the mouth or nose; foolish, aimless talk or thinking; nonsense
(v. ) to let saliva flow from the mouth; to utter nonsense or childish twaddle; to waste or fritter away foolishly

9
Q

syn- (n.) balderdash, tommyrot

ant- (v.) slaver

A

drivel

10
Q

epitome

A

(n.) a summary, condensed account; an instance that represents a larger reality

11
Q

syn- abstract, digest, archetype

A

epitome

12
Q

exhort

A

(v.) to urge strongly, advise earnestly

13
Q

syn- entreat, implore, adjure

ant- discourage, advise against, deprecate

A

exhort

14
Q

ex officio

A

(adj., adv.) by virtue or holding a certain office

15
Q

infringe

A

(v.) to violate, trespass, go beyond recognized bounds

16
Q

syn- enroach, impinge, intrude

ant- stay in bounds, comply

A

infringe

17
Q

ingratiate

A

(v.) to make oneself agreeable and thus gain favor or acceptance by others (sometimes used in a critical or derogatory sense)

18
Q

syn- cozy up to, curry favor with

ant- humiliate oneself

A

ingratiate

19
Q

interloper

A

(n.) one who moves in where he or she is not wanted or has no right to be, an intruder

20
Q

syn- trespasser, meddler, buttinsky

A

interloper

21
Q

intrinsic

A

(adj.) belonging to someone or something by its very nature, essential, inherent; originating in a bodily organ or part

22
Q

syn- immanent, organic

ant- extrinsic, external, outward

A

intrinsic

23
Q

inveigh

A

(v.) to make a violent attack in words, express strong disapproval

24
Q

syn- harangue, remonstrate

ant- acclaim, glorify, extol

A

inveigh

25
Q

lassitude

A

(n.) weariness of body or mind, lack of energy

26
Q

syn- fatigue, lethargy, torpor, languor

ant- energy, vitality, animation, liveliness

A

lassitude

27
Q

millennium

A

(n.) a period of one thousand years; a period of great joy

28
Q

syn- chiliad, golden age

ant- doomsday

A

millennium

29
Q

occult

A

(adj. ) secret, hidden from view; not detectable by ordinary means; mysterious, magical, uncanny
(v. ) to hide, cover up; eclipse
(n. ) matters involving the supernatural

30
Q

syn- (adj.) esoteric, abstruse, arcane

ant- (adj.) mundane, common, public, exoteric

A

occult

31
Q

permeate

A

(v.) to spread through, penetrate, soak through

32
Q

precipitate

A

(v. ) to fall as moisture; to bring about suddenly; to hurl down from a great height; to give distinct form to
(adj. ) characterized by excessive haste
(n. ) moisture; the product of an action or process

33
Q

syn- (v.) provoke, produce (adj.) reckless, impetuous

ant- (adj.) wary, circumspect

A

precipitate

34
Q

stringent

A

(adj.) strict, severe; rigorously or urgently binding or compelling; sharp or bitter to the taste

35
Q

syn- stern, rigorous, tough, urgent

ant- lenient, mild, lax, permissive

A

stringent

36
Q

surmise

A

(v. ) to think or believe without certain supporting evidence; to conjecture or guess
(n. ) likely idea that lacks definite proof

37
Q

syn- (v.) infer, gather (n.) inference, presumption

A

surmise