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Flashcards in 2EXAM- HWL11 Deck (91):

Which statement about an epic is false
It is universal and timeless
It address cultural themes

It is universal and timeless


Based on the excerpt from Book 1, Satan can best be described as
Purely evil



An else gory in which characters, events, or setting are personifications is called a ________ allegory



Satire points out our falsehoods or failings using ___



The purpose of "A Modest Proposal" is to satirize
The Irish government's poor management of social services and public aid
The poor treatment of the people of Ireland by the English ruling class

The poor treatment of the people of Ireland by the English ruling class


What one objection does the narrator foresee to his scheme in "A Modest Proposal"
Human meat is not nutritious
The population of Ireland will fall

The population of Ireland will fall


What can you infer about Samuel Pepys based on the subjects he chose to write about and the kinds of details he used

Pepys appears to be overly concerned with material things and wealth


Great Expectations was set during what time period
Victorian Era
Elizabethan Age

Victorian Era


Mr. Pumblechook's conversations with Pip deal mainly with



What is writing that is used to portray a character, an object, or a scene called?
Narrative writing
Descriptive writing
Expository writing

Descriptive writing


What does the exposition provide in a plot
Background information
The main conflict

Background information


When his wife and daughter find him in Casterbridge, how much longer has the mayor sworn to "suffer"?
24 days
2 years

2 years


The Mayor of Casterbridge is all of the following except
The relative of Elizabeth Jane
A former mariner

A former mariner


How is the "former mistress of the furmity tent" at the root of the Henchard's plight?
She sold the baby girl
She sold the husband's liquor

She sold the husband's liquor


What is the significance of "the white man" in The Lagoon
He is revered
He is different

He is different


What is the dilemma that Arsat's brother faces?
He recognizes that either he or his brother must die
He wants to help Arsat, but helping him is dangerous

He wants to help Arsat, but helping him is dangerous


What is Orwell's purpose in giving details about the elephant's slow death
To emphasize how unnecessary it was
To make the event as dramatic as possible

To emphasize how unnecessary it was


After Grendel kills 30 men, why is Herot neglected/deserted for 12 years

Men wouldn't stay the night there


Which phrase paraphrases capitalized words in the quote that reads "they could hack at Grendel/from every side, TRYING TO OPEN a path FOR HIS EVEIL SOUL..."

To kill him


Why does Beowulf cut off Grendel's head

A desire for revenge


What is the significance of the following quote
"Is this a dagger which I see before me...and yet I see thee still."

Macbeth's guilt causes him to see visions


The apparitions of the 8 kinds and Banquo in scene I are meant to signify to Macbeth that...

Banquo's descendants will become kings


Why does Malcolm tell his soldiers to cut down branches of tress to carry as they march?

So Macbeth will not know how many men are in the army now


Who said it? "Out, out brief candle!.../signifying nothing"



Who said it? "But tis strange; and oftentimes to win us to our harm...deepest consequence."



When/what was the Anglo-Saxon period

People who inhabited GB in the early 5th century. They were not much interested in Christianity and they rejected Cultic religious traditions and chose to follow those of Europe


What is an epic

A poem that tells a tale of gods and heroes


What is an epic hero

A brave and noble character in an epic poem, admired for great achievements or affected by grand events (Beowulf)


Describe the culture of the Anglo-Saxons

Organized into classes of warriors called earls or thanes, a class of freeman Called churls, and a class of slaves called thralls
Warfare was common and frequent due to desire for land and treasure.
Not interested in Christianity, later Christianized (told in a pagan setting-Beowulf)


Identify some signs of Christianity in Beowulf

12 of the greatest Geats ride around his burial sight
This represents the twelve apostles honoring Jesus
Constant references to God (thanks)
Cain and Abel reference
Optimistic outlook


Identify some pagan elements from Beowulf

Grendel- pagan figure who opposed Christian ideals
Ship burial/cremation
Belief in fate controlling life (wyrd)
Ritualized offerings
Use of special swords
Multiple gods
Superstitious belief in monsters/dragons/magic
Fame was only guarantee of morality
Pessimistic tone


Describe the theme of good vs evil in Beowulf

Beowulf vs Grendel/dragon
Beowulf's fatal flaws


What is a kenning

A new word or noun phrase is coined to describe an object in an original matter
"The might man"


What is alliteration

The reoccurrence of the same letter or sound at the beginning of consecutive or close-together words


What are some major themes of Beowulf

Good v evil
Strength and skill
The supernatural
Tradition an customs


Canterbury Tales are a ____ tale
This means...

A narrative that provides a vehicle for telling other stories


The frame for the Canterbury Tales is established in the _______
What does this mean

The prologue introduces a diverse group of characters, including the narrator


What is the irony in the Pardoner's Tale

None of them get the money to keep for themselves
They set out to defeat death but death defeats them


How is the Pardoner's tale a form of allegory

"The Pardoner's Tale” is a type of allegory called an exemplum, Latin for “example.” The tale is an exemplum against the sin of greed, and the Pardoner uses the tale to illustrate the point of one of his sermons, “Love of money is the root of all evil.”


How does the wife of bath present the philosophy of love and marriage

Be loving and accepting of your spouse and the marriage will be satisfying
Show each other courtesy, don't point out faults that can't be corrected


How is Everyman a morality play

It teaches us that we could die at any moment and we should always make sure we are ready for God and are living a faithful life because we do not know when we will be judged


How is Everyman an allegory

It uses allegorical characters to examine the question of Christian salvation and what Man must do to attain it (Everyman, good deeds, five wits, strength)


What is the message behind Everyman

Pride, beauty, five wits, strength, and discretion all forsake us when we die
The only thing that remain is our good deeds


What is an Arthurian romance

Tells of the adventures of King Arthur and his knights of the round table


The code of conduct of the medieval knight is



How is Sir Gawain and the Green Knight Romantic Literature

Deals with the quest of a knight-Gawain must return to the Green Knight to get a blow to the head
Deals with fairy-tale like aspects, green knight puts his head back on
Elements of courtly love (Gawain must shoe Bertalik and Guinevere love)
Gawain is challenged and has to find the perfect balance between chivalry and courtly love for Lady Bertalik


Macbeth is a tragedy, meaning

It tells the story of the fall of a person of high status using comic relief, tragic hero, and tragic flaws


What is a tragic hero
Who is the tragic hero in Macbeth

A Literary character that makes a judgment error that inevitably leads to his/her own destruction
Macbeth-kills King Duncan


Describe some of the main characters in Macbeth

The witches: they foreshadow and predict what will happen to characters
King Duncan: King of Scotland, Macbeth and lady Macbeth plan to kill him so they can be King/Queen
Malcolm:King Duncan's oldest son making him heir to the throne
Donalbain:King Duncan's second/youngest son
Macbeth: General in army, thane of Glamis, thane of Cawdor
Banquo:Macbeth's rational friend, general in army
Lady Macbeth: self-involved, manipulative
Lennox, rosse, angus: frequently assist the King, Scottish noblemen
Macduff: Scottish noblemen


What are some of the main conflicts in Macbeth

Conflict between Macbeth and his wife
Conflict between Macbeth and Macduff
Conflict between Banquo and Macbeth
Conflict within lady Macbeth (sleep walking)


Who are two foils in Macbeth and why

Macbeth and Banquo
Banquo is promised glory by the witches, but he figures out quickly that they're no good. Rather than become obsessed with their prophetic promise, he just sits on it, always promising to talk about it later. But Macbeth ignores prudence, caution, good sense, and all those things your parents want you to have in order to carry out his own nefarious interpretation of the prophecy.
Banquo demonstrates fidelity and honor, Macbeth does not


What is a soliloquy

An act of speaking one's thoughts aloud when by oneself or regardless of any hearers, especially by a character in a play


How is foreshadowing present in Macbeth

The three witches
Macbeth gets the title of a traitor
Cry of birds
Horses destroy one another


What are some examples of the following themes in Macbeth
Disturbances of natural order

Macbeth wants to kill Duncan
Lady Macbeth seems especially ambitious of the power that awaits her
Macbeth hires murderers to kill Banquo and Fleance
Macduff wishes to kill Macbeth
Macbeth's desire to live towards the end

Night of King Duncan's death, earth shakes, chimneys blown down, horses eat each other, sun fails to rise
Lady Macbeth's sleep walking


What are some examples of the following themes in Macbeth
Foul weather
Manliness (or lack thereof)

The fate as expressed by the witches
Fate of Banquo and his descendants

During witches' meetings

Lady Macbeth questions Macbeth's masculinity when he wimps out of killing Duncan, Macbeth shows remorse/regret for doing so and his wife scolds him and calls him a child, lady Macbeth taunts her husband when he's weak, lady Macduff questions the manliness of Macduff because he left his wife and child alone at home


Describe the following themes using example found in Macbeth
Transformation of characters

Macbeth and lady Macbeth plan to kill Duncan, Macbeth envisions a dagger, lady Macbeth won't show remorse, Macbeth sees banquo's ghost, Macbeth kills macduff's family, shows no emotion at announcement of his wife's death

Lady Macbeth- remorseless in first act, sleepwalks now because of guilt

Macbeth- always squirmish/guilty and is now not startled at all. Goes full force and doesn't care about consequences


What is the climax of Macbeth

When Macduff confronts Macbeth


How is a modest proposal a satire

It uses comedy to address a social issue (the poor treatment of the people of Ireland by the English ruling class)


How is a modest proposal ironical

It is not a modest proposal at all


An _____ is a long narrative poem that portrays the heroic acts of legendary figures and mythical goods. One example is ______ _______

Paradise lost


What is the point of view of Pilgrim's Progress

The narrator speaks briefly in the first person at the beginnings of Part I and Part II but then quickly moves into a third-person account of the pilgrims in which their stories are told objectively, as an outside observer would perceive their actions. Once in a while the narrator becomes omniscient and explains the emotional states of the characters.


How is pilgrim's progress an allegory

The characters simply represent something larger (Christian represents all Christians)


The symbols in Pilgrim's Progress are very obvious
True or false



A day-to-day record of a person's activities, experiences, thoughts, and feelings



______ refers to the author's choice of words



A ______ is a character or speaker who tells a story



Created by someone with firsthand experience
Raw materials of history

Primary sources
The Diary of Samuel Pepys


What is the setting of great expectations

The Victorian era
England: London,Kent


Describe some of the characters in Great Expectations

Pip: afraid, intimated, offended
Mr. Pumblechook: bossy, rude, math
Mrs Havisham: fundamental, won't let go of the past
Estella: rude, judgemental


Who is the narrator of Jane Eyre

Jane Eyre


Describe the tone of Jane Eyre

Her personality is friendly


Jane Eyre wants something more in life
True or false



The exposition provides ________

Background information


In the mayor of Casterbridge, the daughter thinks that her and her mother....

Are better than everyone else and should act as such


The manner in which one thing is written. Word choice (or diction), sentence structure and length, and other recurring features help distinguish one author's work from that of another



What is the style of Mark of the Beast

Descriptive writing


The imagery in The Lagoon creates what kind of effect

The imagery is eerie, but the overall tone is somber/depressing


What is the irony present in The Lagoon

Arsat worked so hard and broke so many rules to be happy, but now he is not happy at all


What is the point of view in Araby

First person


What is the epiphany that the narrator makes in Araby

Mangan's sister is just an average girl who will not care whether he fulfills his promise to buy her something at the bazaar


What is the argument made in A Room of One's Own

Women could have been amazing writers if they were given the same opportunities as men


A technique used by a speaker or a writer to achieve a particular effect, especially to persuade or influence

Rhetorical device


A formal address given on a particular occasion, often for the purpose of persuading listeners to accept a proposition or to take a certain action



A main idea that is that is supported in a main work of nonfiction. It may be directly stated or inferred



What is the thesis of shooting an elephant

when the white man turns tyrant it is his own freedom that he destroys
Letting other people control you ruins your own freedoms


What is the irony in shooting an elephant

The man is a police officer yet has no power


When was the Renaissance
Describe the poetry

Positive and forward thinking
Settings went beyond English borders
Milton, Shakespeare, Spenser, Sidney, Jonson


When was the romantic period
Describe the poetry

18th century
Natural, personal, emotional, artistic themes
Glorification of the past and nature, preferring the medieval rather than the classical
William Blake


The act of creating or describing a character



Describe the Pardoner based on the information provided in the Prologue

Very thin hair as yellow as wax, protective of his money, religious, noble Ecclesiast, sang to win money from the crowd


Describe the Wife of Bath based on the information provided in the Prologue

Someone deaf, sewed for the people (was very good[finely woven]), soft/new shoes, handsome face, five husbands, gap-teeth, large hips, "knew the remedies for love's mischances"