APUSH Chapter 35 Quiz Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in APUSH Chapter 35 Quiz Deck (34):
1

on the Pacific coast, 110,000 Japanese-Americans were taken from their homes and herded into ______________________________where their properties and freedoms were taken away.

Internment camps

2

__________ affirmed the constitutionally of internment camps

Korematsu vs US

3

What ended the Great Depression

Massive military orders (over $100 billion in 1942 alone)
Demanded jobs and production

4

"Sir Launchalot"

Henry J Kaiser

5

The _______ halted manufacture of nonessential items such as passenger cars, and when the Japanese seized vital rubber supplies in British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, the U.S. imposed a national speed limit and gasoline rationing to save tires.

War Production Board

6

John L Lewis led the _____

United Mine Workers

7

The armed forces had nearly 15 million men and ____ women, and some of these “women in arms” included the WAACS (Army), the WAVES(Navy), and SPARS (Coast Guard).

216,000

8

What did the Bracero Program do

the Bracero Program brought Mexican workers to America as resident workers.

9

_________________, leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, threatened a “Negro March to Washington” in 1941 to get better rights and treatment.

Philip Randolph

10

The president also established the _____________ __________ ____________ _______ to discourage racism and oppression in the workplace, and while Blacks in the army still suffered degrading discrimination (i.e. separate blood banks), they still used the war as a rallying cry against dictators abroad and racism at home—overall gaining power and strength.

Fair employment practices commission

11

Some 25,000 Native Americans were in the army, and the Navajo and Comanches were _____________

Code talkers

12

2 outcomes of WWII

The gross national product more than doubled, as did corporate profits.
In fact, when the war ended and price controls were lifted, inflation shot up.

13

Guam, Wake, the Philippines, Hong Kong, British Malaya, Burma (in the process cutting the famed Burma Road), the Dutch East Indies, and China were all captured by the ___

Japanese

14

When the Japanese took over the Philippines, U.S. Gen. __________________ had to sneak out of the place, but he vowed to return to liberate the islands; he went to Australia.

Douglas MacArthur

15

What battle stopped Japanese expansion

Midway in the Coral Sea
Chester W Nimitz forced them back

16

In January and February of 1944, the ________ Islands fell to the U.S.

Marshall

17

The Germans, led by the “Desert Fox” Marshall Erwin Rommel, drove to Egypt, dangerously close to the Suez Canal, but late in October 1942, British General Bernard Montgomery defeated him at ___ _______________, west of Cairo.

El Alamein

18

At the _____________________, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met and agreed on the term of “unconditional surrender.”

Casablanca Conference

19

The Allies finally took Rome on June 4, 1944, and it wasn’t until _________________, that Axis troops in Italy finally surrendered.

May 2, 1945

20

At the ________ Conference, the Big Three (FDR, Churchill, and Josef Stalin, leader of Russia) met and agreed that the Soviets and Allies would launch simultaneous attacks.

Tehran

21

The point of attack was French Normandy, and on June 6, 1944, _______ began—the amphibious assault on Normandy. After heavy resistance, Allied troops, some led by ____________________, finally clawed their way onto land, across the landscape, and deeper into France.
With the help of the “French underground,” Paris was freed in August of 1944.

D-Day
Gen George S Patton

22

On the retreat and losing, Hitler concentrated his forces and threw them in the Ardennes forest on December 16, 1944, starting the ___________________.

Battle of the Bulge

23

When did hitler commit suicide

April 30, 1945

24

FDR died on _______ from a cerebral hemorrhage

April 12, 1945

25

_____ was the date of the official German surrender, and the next day was officially proclaimed V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day).

May 7, 1945

26

Iwo Jima was captured in _____ of 1945

March

27

At the ________ Conference, the Allies issued an ultimatum: surrender or be destroyed.

Potsdam

28

First atomic bomb tested on _____

July 16 1945

29

Hiroshima (August 6 1945) killed _______
Nagasaki (August 9 1945) killed ________

180,000
80,000

30

On August 8, 1945, the Soviets declared war on Japan, just as promised, and two days later, on August 10, Japan sued for peace on one condition: that the Emperor Hirohito be allowed to remain on the Japanese throne. Did the allies accept?

Yes

31

The formal end of WWII came on ________________________, on the battleship U.S.S. Missouri where Hirohito surrendered to General MacArthur.

September 2, 1945

32

How many casualties were suffered

1 million

33

Why was this our best-fought war

The success was partly thanks to the excellent U.S. generals and admirals, and the leaders.
Industry also rose to the challenge, putting out a phenomenal amount of goods, proving wrong Hermann Goering, a Nazi leader who had scorned America’s lack of manufacturing skills.

34

What attitude did FDR have toward the war and why

"Get Germany First"
for if Germany were to defeat Britain before the Allies could beat Japan, there would be no stopping Hitler and his men.