Flashcards in APUSH Chapter 35 Quiz Deck (34):
on the Pacific coast, 110,000 Japanese-Americans were taken from their homes and herded into ______________________________where their properties and freedoms were taken away.
__________ affirmed the constitutionally of internment camps
Korematsu vs US
What ended the Great Depression
Massive military orders (over $100 billion in 1942 alone)
Demanded jobs and production
Henry J Kaiser
The _______ halted manufacture of nonessential items such as passenger cars, and when the Japanese seized vital rubber supplies in British Malaya and the Dutch East Indies, the U.S. imposed a national speed limit and gasoline rationing to save tires.
War Production Board
John L Lewis led the _____
United Mine Workers
The armed forces had nearly 15 million men and ____ women, and some of these “women in arms” included the WAACS (Army), the WAVES(Navy), and SPARS (Coast Guard).
What did the Bracero Program do
the Bracero Program brought Mexican workers to America as resident workers.
_________________, leader of the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, threatened a “Negro March to Washington” in 1941 to get better rights and treatment.
The president also established the _____________ __________ ____________ _______ to discourage racism and oppression in the workplace, and while Blacks in the army still suffered degrading discrimination (i.e. separate blood banks), they still used the war as a rallying cry against dictators abroad and racism at home—overall gaining power and strength.
Fair employment practices commission
Some 25,000 Native Americans were in the army, and the Navajo and Comanches were _____________
2 outcomes of WWII
The gross national product more than doubled, as did corporate profits.
In fact, when the war ended and price controls were lifted, inflation shot up.
Guam, Wake, the Philippines, Hong Kong, British Malaya, Burma (in the process cutting the famed Burma Road), the Dutch East Indies, and China were all captured by the ___
When the Japanese took over the Philippines, U.S. Gen. __________________ had to sneak out of the place, but he vowed to return to liberate the islands; he went to Australia.
What battle stopped Japanese expansion
Midway in the Coral Sea
Chester W Nimitz forced them back
In January and February of 1944, the ________ Islands fell to the U.S.
The Germans, led by the “Desert Fox” Marshall Erwin Rommel, drove to Egypt, dangerously close to the Suez Canal, but late in October 1942, British General Bernard Montgomery defeated him at ___ _______________, west of Cairo.
At the _____________________, Franklin Roosevelt and Winston Churchill met and agreed on the term of “unconditional surrender.”
The Allies finally took Rome on June 4, 1944, and it wasn’t until _________________, that Axis troops in Italy finally surrendered.
May 2, 1945
At the ________ Conference, the Big Three (FDR, Churchill, and Josef Stalin, leader of Russia) met and agreed that the Soviets and Allies would launch simultaneous attacks.
The point of attack was French Normandy, and on June 6, 1944, _______ began—the amphibious assault on Normandy. After heavy resistance, Allied troops, some led by ____________________, finally clawed their way onto land, across the landscape, and deeper into France.
With the help of the “French underground,” Paris was freed in August of 1944.
Gen George S Patton
On the retreat and losing, Hitler concentrated his forces and threw them in the Ardennes forest on December 16, 1944, starting the ___________________.
Battle of the Bulge
When did hitler commit suicide
April 30, 1945
FDR died on _______ from a cerebral hemorrhage
April 12, 1945
_____ was the date of the official German surrender, and the next day was officially proclaimed V-E Day (Victory in Europe Day).
May 7, 1945
Iwo Jima was captured in _____ of 1945
At the ________ Conference, the Allies issued an ultimatum: surrender or be destroyed.
First atomic bomb tested on _____
July 16 1945
Hiroshima (August 6 1945) killed _______
Nagasaki (August 9 1945) killed ________
On August 8, 1945, the Soviets declared war on Japan, just as promised, and two days later, on August 10, Japan sued for peace on one condition: that the Emperor Hirohito be allowed to remain on the Japanese throne. Did the allies accept?
The formal end of WWII came on ________________________, on the battleship U.S.S. Missouri where Hirohito surrendered to General MacArthur.
September 2, 1945
How many casualties were suffered
Why was this our best-fought war
The success was partly thanks to the excellent U.S. generals and admirals, and the leaders.
Industry also rose to the challenge, putting out a phenomenal amount of goods, proving wrong Hermann Goering, a Nazi leader who had scorned America’s lack of manufacturing skills.