HM Test Chapter 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HM Test Chapter 1 Deck (27):
0

A follower of Christ, someone who learns and follows Jesus and accepts his ministry in the world

Disciple

1

Gods loving care throughout salvation history and in each individual life, bringing what is needed in each situation, even good and evil

Providence

2

From the Latin REDEMPTIO, meaning "a buying back" refers to Yahweh's deliverance of Israel, and Christ's deliverance of all Christians from sin

Redemption

3

"One who is sent", refers to the missionary of the Church in the NT, refers to the twelve companions chosen by Jesus, and those special witnesses of Jesus' ministry in the early Church

Apostle

4

Special gift of grace by the Holy Spirit to an individual or community for the benefit of building up the entire Church

Charism

5

Jesus' "sending out" of the apostles after Pentecost when the truley because apostles, before his Ascension

The Great Commission

6

The uninterrupted passing on of apostolic preaching and authority directly from the apostles to all bishops by laying of hands during ordination, indelible seal

Apostolic Succession

7

The free and undeserved gift of God's loving and active presence in our lives, empowering us to respond to his call and live as his sons and daughters, restores communication with the trinity loss due to sin

Grace

8

"To hand on", passing on of the Gospel message

Sacred tradition

9

The Church's living office, consisting of all bishops, the pope, etc,

Magisterium

10

The 27 NT books and 46 OT books that comprise the Bible

Canon

11

Witness to the saving message of Christ through the sacrifice of ones own life

Martyrdom

12

The Greek word for "assembly" which is where the word Church is rooted

Ekklesia

13

One who speaks or writes in defense of someone or something

Apologist/Apology

14

Those teachers whose writings extended the Tradition of the apostles and who continue to be important for today's teachings

Father of the Church

15

Title bestowed by the Church to those saints who are highly esteemed for their theological writings and personal holiness

Doctor of the Church

16

Gathering of Church's bishops from around the world that is issued/approved by the Pope to discuss pressing matters in the Church

Ecumenical Council

17

Having the same nature or essence

Consubstantial

18

Greek title for Mary meaning "God bearer"

Theotokos

19

Greek word for "word." Title for Jesus demonstrating relationship of the three persons of the Trinity

Logos

20

How do we know that God (OT) and Jesus (NT) intended a community of believers, a Church

God specifically elected them, and they became His chosen people bound by the covenant He made with them at Mount Sinai. God specifically informed Moses that the Israelites were to be a priestly and consecrated people. God and the Israelites possessed steadfast love for each other and that love provided the basis for the Israelite's sense of community. This eternal and faithful love for God was experienced concretely by the Law which Moses received from God on Mount Sinai. Gave them laws and worship and land. Were to be prepared collectively.
We also know that Jesus Christ intended for His followers to be a community. First of all, Jesus chose Peter to begin the long line of successors of Jesus Christ. He granted Peter privileges through Scripture, gave him the keys to heaven, and instructed him to build His Church. Also Jesus instituted His New Covenant with His people through His Paschal Mystery, calling all Jews and Gentiles to come together as the new people of God in one community. Talks of giving spirit to Church, "go make disciples of all nations" gives them Eucharistic rights, a shared mission (wait for 2nd coming)

21

Why is Peter accepted by the Church as its first Pope- include how Apostolic Succession follows from this acceptance

Peter is specifically mentioned by Jesus using the word Church and references to a leader (rock, strengthen, shepherd- tend, feed). Also, the quantity of references by NT writers (none of whom are Peter), he is mentioned 5 times as often. His failings and strengths are shown. Apostolic succession is the process of passing on the Apostles' authority and ability to preach to their successors (the bishops) through the laying on of hands at the Sacrament of Holy Orders. This originates from Peter, the leader of the Church

22

How do ancient histories differ from modern histories

ancient histories were not written and are not read in chronological order. Second, although ancient history accounts contain real events with real people, not every minuscule detail will be entirely accurate, including names. More often than not, names are assigned to people included in the story based on the role they play rather than their actual name itself. Also, biblical history accounts serve the purpose of conveying spiritual meaning. Writers of this ancient history are more concerned about spreading the good news rather than writing down an informative historical account about Jesus and the Church. To summarize, ancient histories differ from modern histories because they strive to do two separate things; one wishes to inform while the other wishes to inspire. Not as long, do not include childhood or birth. Obviously no pictures

23

What are the criteria for a writing to be entered into the canon of scripture

It has to be Apostolic, meaning it has to be based on the teachings of the Apostles and their closest disciples. It has to gain community acceptance, meaning the Christians of an important Christian community have to accept it as valid and parallel to their beliefs. Thirdly, it has to be liturgical, so that it can be used in liturgical celebrations, like the Eucharist. Lastly, it has to be consistent with Hebrew, or Jewish, and Christian writings. It can in no way contradict what is already accepted to be the true Word of God.

24

Why does being Christian also mean being drawn in to Christ's life

Being Christian entails being drawn into Christ's life, principally through initiation into Christ's Body, the Church. Life with Christ will forever be a shared life. Just like all of the parts of the body share a common existence, all of the parts of the Church do, as well. Separation from the Church will destroy our ability to better it, just as a human being will weaken if he or she loses an arm. We are drawn into Christ's life because we rely on His teachings for our everyday lives. We are invited into His life through the Eucharist (His body) and that body becomes the Church.

25

Why was it easy to persecute the early Christians

They were susceptible to it (weaker in numbers, refuse to fight back, in poverty, different (eat my flesh, drink my blood))
One of the reasons they were persecuted was the fact that they met in secret, BUT because they were being persecuted, they met in secret
(What are they planning? We have to hide.)

26

What early church history related to Paul chronicles the spread of the gospel to the Gentiles?

Peter and Paul were advocating for the Gentiles so that they would not have to be Jewish in order to be Christian at the Council of Jerusalem. They decided to leave the Jewish faith and then made revisions like circumcision and food restrictions and 600+ mosaic laws, but they decided to keep three; abstinence from illicit sex, blood, and no false idols