lit vocab unit 6 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in lit vocab unit 6 Deck (40):
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anomalous

(adj.) abnormal, irregular, departing from the usual

1

syn- exceptional, unusual, aberrant
ant- normal, regular, customary, typical, ordinary

anomalous

2

aspersion

(n.) a damaging or derogatory statement; the act of slandering or defaming

3

syn- innuendo, calumny
ant- endorsement, praise

aspersion

4

bizarre

(adj.) extremely strange, unusual, atypical

5

syn- grotesque, fantastic, outlandish
ant- normal, typical, ordinary, expected

bizarre

6

brusque

(adj.) abrupt, blunt, with no formalities

7

syn- tactless, ungracious
ant- tactful diplomatic

brusque

8

cajole

(v.) to coax, persuade though flattery or artifice; to deceive with soothing thoughts or false promises

9

syn- wheedle, inveigle
ant- coerce, force

cajole

10

castigate

(v.) to punish severely; to criticize severely

11

syn- chastise, censure
ant- honor, praise, laud

castigate

12

contrive

(v.) to plan with ingenuity; to bring about through a plan

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syn- think up, concoct, fabricate

contrive

14

demagogue

(n.) a leader who exploits popular prejudices and false claims and promises in order to gain power

15

syn- rabble-rouser, firebrand

demagogue

16

disabuse

(v.) to free from deception or error, set right in ideas or thinking

17

syn- undeceive, enlighten
ant- deceive, delude, pull wool over one's eyes

disabuse

18

ennui

(n.) weariness and dissatisfaction from lack of occupation or interest, boredom

19

syn- languor, world-weariness, listlessness
ant- enthusiasm, liveliness, excitement, intensity

ennui

20

fetter

(n.) a chain or shackle placed on the feet (often used in plural); anything that confines or restrains
(v.) to chain or shackle; to render helpless or impotent

21

syn- (n.) bond, restraint; (v.) bind, hamper
ant- (v.) free, liberate, emancipate

fetter

22

heinous

(adj.) very wicked, offensive, hateful

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syn- evil, odious, outrageous
ant- excellent, wonderful, splendid

heinous

24

immutable

(adj.) not subject to change, constant

25

syn- unchangeable, unalterable, fixed, invariable
ant- changeable, inconstant, variable, fickle

immutable

26

insurgent

(n.) one who rebels or rises against authority
(adj.) rising in revolt, refusing to accept authority; surging or rushing in or on

27

syn- (adj.) revolutionary, rebellious, mutinious
ant- (adj.) loyalist, loyal, faithful

insurgent

28

megalomania

(n.) a delusion marked by a feeling of power, wealth, talent, etc., far in excess of reality

29

syn- delusions of grandeur
ant- modesty, self-abasement

megalomania

30

sinecure

(n.) a position requiring little or no work; an easy job

31

syn- "no-show" job, cushy job, "plum"

sinecure

32

surreptitious

(adj.) stealthy, secret, intended to escape observation; made or accomplished by fraud

33

syn- furtive, covert, clandestine, concealed
ant- open, frank, aboveboard, overt

surreptitious

34

transgress

(v.) to go beyond a limit or boundary; to sin, violate a law

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syn- overstep, trespass
ant- obey, toe the line

transgress

36

transmute

(v.) to change from one nature, substance, or form to another

37

syn- transform, convert
ant- preserve, maintain

transmute

38

vicarious

(adj.) performed, suffered, or otherwise experienced by one person in place of another

39

syn- surrogate, secondhand
ant- actual, firsthand

vicarious