lit vocab unit 3 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in lit vocab unit 3 Deck (40):
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abominate

(v.) to have an intense dislike or hatred for

1

syn- loathe, abhor, despise, detest
ant- relish, savor, esteem

abominate

2

acculturation

(n.) the modification of the social patterns, traits, or structures of one group or society by contact with those of another; the resultant blend

3

syn- adaptation

acculturation

4

adventitious

(adj.) resulting from chance rather than from an inherent cause or character; accidental, not essential; (medicine) acquired, not congenital

5

syn- extrinsic, incidental, fortuitous
ant- essential, intrinsic, inherent, congenital

adventitious

6

ascribe

(v.) to assign or refer to (as a cause or source), attribute

7

syn- impute, credit

ascribe

8

circuitous

(adj.) roundabout, not direct

9

syn- indirect, meandering, winding
ant- straight, direct, as the crow flies

circuitous

10

commiserate

(v.) to sympathize with, have pity or sorrow for, share a feeling of distress

11

syn- feel sorry for, empathize
ant- feel no sympathy for

commiserate

12

enjoin

(v.) to direct or order; to prescribe a course of action in an authoritative way; to prohibit

13

syn- bid, charge, adjure
ant- allow, permit

enjoin

14

expedite

(v.) to make easy, cause to progress faster

15

syn- accelerate, facilitate, speed up
ant- hinder, hamper, impede, obstruct

expedite

16

expiate

(v.) to make amends, make up for; to avert

17

syn- redeem, make amends for, make reparation

expiate

18

ferment

(n.) a state of great excitement, agitation, or turbulence
(v.) to be in or work into such a state; to produce alcohol by chemical action

19

syn- (n.) commotion, turmoil, unrest
ant- (n.) peace and quiet, tranquility, placidity

ferment

20

inadvertent

(adj.) resulting from or marked by lack of attention; unintentional, accidental

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syn- accidental
ant- deliberate, intentional

inadvertent

22

nominal

(adj.) existing in name only, not real; too small to be considered or taken seriously

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syn- titular, inconsequential
ant- actual, exorbitant

nominal

24

noncommittal

(adj.) not decisive or definite; unwilling to take a clear position

25

syn- cagey, uninformative, playing it safe, playing it close to the vest
ant- positive, definite, committed

noncommittal

26

peculate

(v.) to steal something that has been given into one's trust; to take improperly for one's own use

27

syn- defraud, misappropriate

peculate

28

proclivity

(n.) a natural or habitual inclination or tendency (especially of human character or behavior)

29

syn- penchant, propensity
ant- inability, incapacity

proclivity

30

sangfroid

(n.) composure or coolness, especially in trying circumstances

31

syn- poise, self-assurance, equanimity
ant- excitability, hysteria, flappability

sangroid

32

seditious

(adj.) resistant to lawful authority; having the purpose of overthrowing an established government

33

syn- mutinous, rebellious, subversive
ant- supportive, faithful, allegiant

seditious

34

tenuous

(adj.) thin, slender, not dense; lacking clarity or sharpness; of slight importance; lacking a sound basis, poorly supported

35

syn- flimsy, insubstantial, vague, hazy
ant- strong, solid, substantial, valid

tenuous

36

vitriolic

(adj.) bitter, sarcastic; highly caustic or biting (like a strong acid)

37

syn- withering, acerbic, mordant
ant- bland, saccharine, honeyed, surgary

vitrolic

38

wheedle

(v.) to use coaxing or flattery to gain some desired end

39

syn- inveigle, soft-soap, sweet-talk
ant- coerce, browbeat, intimidate, strong-arm

wheedle