HM Test Chapter 2 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in HM Test Chapter 2 Deck (34):
0

A person who regularly has an intense experience of the presence and power of God resulting in a deep sense of union with Him

Mystic

1

An obstinate denial after Baptism to believe a truth that Catholics must believe

Heresy

2

Members of religious orders that rely on charity for support

Mendicants

3

The change in the bread and wine, which retain their physical form, to the Body and Blood of Christ

Transubstantiation

4

A person living a solitary life to commit him/herself more fully to prayer

Hermit

5

An Arabic word meaning submission

Islam

6

An independent country ruled by the Pope until 1870

Papal States

7

The Church's sphere of power and authority, both politically and spiritually, during the Middle Ages

Christendom

8

Buying or selling something spiritual, such as a grace, a Sacrament, a relic

Simony

9

A practice by which an emperor, King, etc. would appoint bishops or abbots

Lay Investiture

10

An official letter issued by the Pope named for the wax seal of authentication

papal bill

11

Latin for "and from the Son," a phrase added to the Nicene Creed causing disagreement between the Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodoxy

Filioque

12

A break in Christian unity that takes place when a group of Christians separates itself from the Catholic Church

Schism

13

A type of educational corporation modeled on medieval craftsmen's guilds

Universitas

14

A group of men or women who follow a common rule and live a communal life

Monastic community

15

A person claiming to be Pope in opposition to the Pope chosen by Church Law

Antipope

16

In Eastern Orthodox Church, this is a spiritual father, its highest Bishops

Patriarch

17

The deliberate destruction of religious icons and symbols

Iconoclasm

18

The sins spoken to a priest in the Sacrament of Penance cannot be revealed

Seal of Confession

19

What are the 5 pillars of Islam?

Pilgrimage, alms to the poor, prayer, fasting, and creed

20

Describe the "alms the poor" pillar of Islam?

Obligated to give 2.5% of your wealth within a specific due date, if you are poor then you are obligated to serve with work instead of money

21

Describe the "prayer" pillar of Islam?

5x a day facing Mecca, often at a mosque but if you can't then just where you are, separated by gender, use a prayer rug and lay prostrate with forehead on the ground

22

Describe the "pilgrimage" pillar of Islam.

Called the Hajj, every Muslim must complete the journey at least once during the month of the Hajj, wear white sheets, face the Ka'aba at the mosque

23

Describe the "creed" pillar of Islam.

One sentence long, recited on speakers when being called to prayer at the mosque, recites belief that Mohammad is allahs servant and Allah is the one true God.

24

Describe the "fasting" pillar of Islam.

All (unless a serious health concern is present) must fast during the month of Ramadan. It lasts throughout all hours of daylight and the month moves every year.

25

Discuss any of the two guidelines found in the Quran.

Food restrictions- carrion, pork, blood, sacrificial meat other than to Allah is restricted (unless you are starving), must be killed and processed in a Muslim way (humanely, with the animal in good health and the fastest way possible) no alcohol because it prevents proper frame of mind
Women- a women is the equivalent of two men when witnessing something , the inherit half as much as men, responsible for bearing children, being obedient, remaining faithful and in return they are protected by husband, if not faithful they are beaten, many wear a hijab, niqab, or burka to protect themselves from immodesty

26

How do they choose the Pope?

Once the current pope has died or resigned, the college of cardinals (approx. 120) all meet, must be under 80 to vote. They lock themselves in the Papal Conclave. A 2/3 majority is required for the election of the pope. If there is no consensus the first or second time, the votes are burned and black smoke is released. In that case, the two cardinals with the most votes are the only ones on the ballot. When 2/3 majority is reached, white smoke is emitted and he will be sworn in later as the pope.

27

Why must all Catholics be a part of a church?

1. We need to hear the Word of God from someone else because if we just preach it to ourselves we might be selective of what teachings we choose to believe. We need guidance. 2. We also need to because since we are made in the image of God, who is a Trinity, we are social creatures, so being surrounded by a community will benefit us with guidance and support. 3. The church also provides access to the sacraments, which in return give us graces and communion with Christ.

28

How is the apostles creed a visible sign of unity?

Because when it is spoken at baptism, the person undergoing the sacrament will be permitted to enter the church and in communion with the Blessed Trinity.

29

What three sections is the Nicene Creed broken up by?

God the Father, God the Son, and God the Holy Spirit

30

What is a heretic?

A baptized person who denies a central dogma of the Catholic faith

31

Describe two heresies and the responses of the Catholic Church to them?

Gnosticism-only selected followers are given secret knowledge for salvation from Christ, no resurrection, incarnation, or scripture. CC- Sacred Tradition provides knowledge for all, God wanted to join his spiritual nature with humans' physical nature, Jesus gave Peter knowledge of scripture so it is infallible
Apollinarianism- Jesus is human but has no human soul. CC- Jesus is fully human and divine

32

How did the pope become a secular ruler? What did he rule? Does he still rule anything?

When land was won by an empire, a lot of times some was given to the pope, known as Papacy States, Kings receive a "stamp of approval" from pope. Only one left that he rules is Vatican City

33

Discuss monasticism and its place in Christianity. (15-20 sentences)

Look at all the monastery notes and your reflections of the videos