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Flashcards in Anatomy final cards Deck (78):
1

The slitlike opening in the abdominal muscles through which the spermatic cord passes into the abdomen

inguinal ring

2

Name one structure inside the scrotum:

testes, spermatic cord, epidiymis, vas deferns

3

The tube that connects the epipdidymis with the urethra

vas deferns

4

The muscle that helps regulate the temperature of the testes

cremaster muscle

5

That animals that don't have _______ are ______

seminal vesicles, cats and dogs

6

Two connective tissue layers that surround the testes, they were formed from layer of peritoneum

vaginal tunics

7

The ovary produces ______ and ______

estrogen and progestrone

8

The ______ is not attached to the ovary

oviduct

9

The ______ keeps the _____, ________, _____ suspended in place

broad ligament, ovary, oviduct, uterus

10

The cervix is ______ when a female is not pregnant or in heat

closed

11

The structure in the female that is homologous to the male penis is

clitoris

12

What structure in the male penis causes dogs to "tie" after mating?

bulb of the glans

13

The epididymis is where _____ is stored until ejaculation

spermatoza

14

The testes must be kept warmer/cooler than core body temperature?

cooler

15

Spermatoza are produced in the ________ tubules

seminiferous

16

This is known as the birth canal

vagina

17

What structure "catches" the ovum as it releases from the ovary?

infundibulum

18

The smooth muscle sphincter between the vagina and the uterus is?

cervix

19

The entrance into the vulva between the labia and the vagina

vestibule

20

External portion of the female reproductive system

vulva or labia

21

Tough fibrous connective tissue capsule of the testes

tunica albuginea

22

Enlarged area on canine penis made up of erectile tissue that swells after ejaculation and allows "tie" to enhance conception

bulb of the glans

23

One of the male accessory reproductive glands that secretes a mucus containing fluid just before ejaculation to lubricate the urethra and clear it of urine

bulbourethral gland

24

Paired sheets of connective tissue that suspend the ureters from the dorsal part of the abdominal cavity

broad ligament

25

The sphincter muscle that functions as a valve between the uterus and the vagina

cervix

26

Smaller of the two erectile tissue structures in the body of the penis, it forms the sleeve around the urethra

corpus spongiosum

27

Ribbionlike structure that lies along the surface of the testes, it's where spermatoza is stored before ejaculation

epididymis

28

Outer lips of the vulva

labia

29

The bone in the penis of a dog

Os penis

30

Female gonads

ovaries

31

Male copulatory organ

penis

32

A life supporting system for a developing fetus and links it to the blood supply of the uterus

placenta

33

The skin covered sheath around the free end of the penis

prepuce

34

The only accessory reproductive gland in dogs

prostate gland

35

The muscle that pulls the nonerect penis of animals with a sigmoid flexure back into its s-shaped configuration

refractor penis muscle

36

The sac of skin that houses the testes

scrotum

37

Cordlike connective tissue structure that encloses blood vessels, nerves, lymph, and the vas deferns as they pass between the testes and the abdominal cavity

spermatic cord

38

This is known as the womb

uterus

39

The tube between the cervix and the vulva, it receives the penis at breeding

vagina

40

Muscular tube that carries spermatoza and the fluid they are suspended in from the epidiymis to the urethra

vas deferns

41

Is the distal convoluted tubule located in the renal cortex or medulla

cortex

42

Are the renal corpuscle and the proximal convoluted tubule located in the renal cortex or medulla

cortex

43

Tuft capillaries found in the renal corpuscle

glomerulus

44

Tubular structure that leaves the urinary bladder and carries urine out of the body

urethra

45

The renal ________ is the first part of the nephron

corpuscle

46

Process in which substances that the body eliminate in great amounts than were filtered in the renal corpuscle are moved from the blood in the peritubular capillaries into the tubules of the nephron

tubular secretion

47

Process which substances filtered in the blood in the renal corpuscle, but are still needed in the body, are returned from the tubules of the nephron to the blood in the peritublar capillaries

tubular resorption

48

The basic functional unit of the kidney

nephron

49

The ______ vein carries purified blood out of the kidney

renal

50

Arteriole that carries blood out of the glomerulus of the renal corpuscle

efferent arterioles

51

The _______ kidney is located more caudal in the abdomen than the other kidney

left

52

The ______ ducts carry urine from nephrons to the renal pelvis

collecting

53

Inner part of the kidney

medulla

54

Indented area of the kidney where blood and lymph vessels, nerves, and the ureter enter and leave the organ

hilus

55

Arteriole that carries blood into the glomerulus of the renal corpuscle

afferent arteriole

56

The _______ convoluted tubule is the last tubular portion of the nephron

distal

57

The _______ convoluted tubule is the first part of the tubular nephron

proximal

58

The _____ artery is the major arterial blood supply to the kidney

renal

59

Outer portion of the kidney

cortex

60

The muscular tube that moves urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

ureter

61

The ______ is the part of the nephron that dips into the renal medulla

loop of henle

62

the blood vessels that carry blood into the glomerulus afferent/efferent arterioles

afferent

63

Is the hilus of a kidney in the body located on the lateral/medial side of the kidney

medial

64

Capillaries in the network that surrounds the tubular part of the nephron

peritubular capillaries

65

Outer fibrous layer of the kidney

renal capsule

66

Collecting point for urine as it leaves the collecting tubules prior to entering the ureters

renal pelvis

67

Part of the renal corpuscle that surrounds the glomerulus and has 2 layers

bowmann's copsule

68

The "tuft" of capillaries at the center of the renal capsule

glomerular capiallries

69

Organ responsible for removing soluble waste from the body through urine production

kidney

70

Are the loops of henle located in the renal cortex or medulla

medulla

71

How many ureter are foudn in a normal urinary system?

2

72

What urinary system structure is located retropertioneal?

kidney

73

Which kidney is located more cranial than the other?

right

74

Tubes that take newly formed urine from the kidney to the urinary bladder

ureters

75

Is the glomerulus located in the renal cortex or medulla

cortex

76

Larger of the two penile erectile tissues

corpus cavernosum penis

77

Tubes that connect the infundibulum to the horns of the uterus

oviducts

78

Most cranial part of the uterus paried structures for each ovary

uterine horns