Urinary/repro anatomy Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Urinary/repro anatomy Deck (80):
1

Funnel shaped area in the hilus

renal pelvis

2

Cuplike extension that acts as a funnel to direct fluid into renal pelvis

calyx

3

Each nephron consists of a ____, ____, ___ and _____

renal corpuscle, proximal convoluted tubule, loop of henle, distal convoluted tubule

4

Where is the renal corpuscle located?

renal cortex

5

What filters blood in the first stage of urine production?

renal corpuscle

6

____ is composed of glomerulus surrounded by Bowman’s capsule

renal corpuscle

7

The PCT is a continuation of _____

bowman's capsule

8

The PCT is lined with?

cubiodal epithelial cells and brush border on the lumen side

9

When glomuluar filtrate passes through the PCT it is now called?

tubular filtrate

10

Loop of henle descends from the PCT into ____

medulla

11

At bottom of loop, epithelial cells flatten to ______ epithelial cells and lose their brush border

simple squamous

12

DCT from all nehprons in the kidney empty into ___

collecting ducts

13

The DCT carry tubular filtrate through ____, empty into ____, and are the primary site of action of ____ and regulation of potassium and acid-base balance

medulla, renal pelvis, ADH

14

The renal artery enters the kidney at the ____

hilus

15

Glomerular capillaries filter some of the plasma out of blood and put it in the capsular space of ___________

bowman's capsule

16

 Efferent glomerular arterioles divide to form the _______

peritubular capillaries

17

The peritubular capillaries surrounds the rest of the ______, it's where ____ transfer to the cells of the nephron take place, tubular _____ and _____ also occurs here

nephron, oxygen, reabsorption, secretion

18

Peritubular capillaries converge to form ____, then larger veins, and finally the ______

venules, renal vein

19

The renal vein leaves the kidney at the hilus and joins the abdominal portion of the caudal ______

vena cava

20

Ureters leave the kidney at the ____

hilus

21

T/F the nerve supply to the kidney is not required in order for the kidney to function

true

22

T/F the bladder is lined with transitional epithelium that stretches as the bladder becomes filled with urine

true

23

A spinal reflex returns a motor impulse to bladder muscles causing them to _____

contract

24

The urethra is lined with?

transitional epithelium

25

T/F the female urethra is shorter and straighter than the long, curved male urethra

true

26

Increase of waste product in the blood

uremia

27

Increase of nitrogen in the blood

azoemia

28

Increase urination

polyuria

29

Increase of water intake

polydipsia

30

Stone in the bladder, urethra, or ureter

urolithiasis

31

The flow of urine.

renal corpuscle>renal capsule>glomerulus>PCT>loop of henle>DCT

32

The testes produce?

sperm and hormones

33

The testes are located outside the abdomen in the ______ region

inguinal

34

The testes are housed in a sac of skin called

scrotum

35

The head of a spermatoza contains?

the nucleus

36

The sperm are covered by the ____ contains digestive enzymes that help the spermatozoon reach and penetrate the ovum

acrosome

37

Large concentration of mitochondria arranged in a spiral pattern

midpiece

38

The tail of a spermatoza contains?

musclelike contractile fibers

39

Band of connective tissue that attaches testes to scrotum

gubernaclum

40

Openings in abdominal muscles through which testes descend

inguinal rings

41

Meshwork of veins that surrounds testicular artery and maintains testes at a temperature slightly lower than body temperature

pampiniform plexus

42

Very thin inner layer connective tissue that forms sheath-like layers around the testes and the spermatic cord

visceral tunic

43

Thick outer layer connective tissue that forms sheath-like layers around the testes and the spermatic cord

parietal vaginal tunic

44

Fibrous connective tissue capsule surrounding each testis beneath tunics

tunica albuginea

45

Endocrine cells between the seminiferous tubules -produce androgens

intersitial cells

46

The region of the epididymus site where spermatozoa enter from efferent ducts

head

47

The region of the epididymus site that lies along surface of testis

body

48

The region of the epididymus site that continues on as the vas deferens

tail

49

What functions to propel sperm quickly from epididymis to urethra at time of ejaculation

vans deferns

50

T/F the prostate gland urrounds the urethra, has multiple ducts, and carry secretions into urethra

true

51

The ________ and _________ enter urethra near caudal border of pelvis and secrete mucinous fluid just before ejaculation that clears and lubricates the urethra

bulbourethral gland and cowper's gland

52

The penis is composed of?

muscle, erectile tissue, and connective tissue

53

The three main parts of the penis are?

the roots, the body, and the glans

54

Bands of connective tissue (crura) that attach penis to the brim of the pelvis

roots of the penis

55

Two bundles of erectile tissue: corpus cavernosum urethrae and corpus cavernosum penis

body of penis

56

The distal end with numerous sensory nerve of the penis

glans of the penis

57

Enlargement toward rear of the glans, remains clamped in place by contractions of muscles surrounding vagina and vulva

bulb of the glans

58

S shape of nonerect penis of the bull, ram, and boar

sigmoid flexure

59

Results from a parasympathetic reflex triggered by sexual stimuli

erection

60

Reflex expulsion of semen

ejaculation

61

Sheets of peritoneum

broad ligaments

62

Ovarian end of broad ligament attached to body wall in area of last rib

suspensory ligament of the ovary

63

Fibrous tissue and smooth muscle in lateral fold of the broad ligament on each side

round ligament of the uterus

64

Ovaries are the site of _____

oogensis

65

Also known as fallopian tubes and uterine tubes

oviducts

66

Enlarged opening at the ovarian end of each oviduct

infundibulum

67

Muscular projections form margin of infundibulum and help properly position infundibulum

fimbriae

68

____ contractions and ____ movements guide ovum toward the uterus

muscle, cilia

69

Y shaped hollow muscular organ

uterus

70

The uterine wall layers are

endometrium, myometrium, perimetrium

71

The lining lining composed of simple columnar epithelium and simple tubular glands and secrete mucus

endometrium

72

The outermost layer covered by the visceral layer of peritoneum

perimetrium

73

The ____ controls access to the lumen of the uterus from the vagina

cervix

74

Muscular tube extends caudally from the cervix and connects it with the vulva

vagina

75

The vulva is composed of

the vestible, the clitoris, and the labia

76

The area where the chorion attaches to the lining of the uterus is where the ____ and ____ blood vessels intertwine

fetal, maternal

77

Where the exchange of nutrients and wastes takes place between the maternal and fetal bloodstreams

where the chorion attaches to the lining of the uterus

78

The placenta attaches the ____

uterus

79

The link between the fetus and structures of the placenta

umbilical cord

80

The umbilical cord contains

2 umbilical arteries, 1 umbilical vein, and the urachus