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Veterinary Technician > Avian > Flashcards

Flashcards in Avian Deck (115):
1

What are the new world (US, North America, South America, Central America) breeds of birds? (7)

Macaws, Amazon Parrots, Pionus parrots, Parrotlets, Conures, Quaker Parrot, Caiques (they are all psittacines)

2

Which parrots are prone to obesity?

Amazon Parrots and Pionus Parrots

3

What parrots are the smallest NW parrots?

Parrotlets

4

What are the old world (Europe, Africa, Asia) breeds of birds? (11)

Cockatoos, Cockatiel, Budgerigars, Austrailian Grass Parakeets, Rosellas, Eclectus Parrots, Lories/Lorikeets, Ring-Neck Parakeets, Lovebirds, African Grey Parrot, Senegal Parrot

5

What breed of birds usually enjoys cuddling, petting and prolonged physical contact?

Cockatoos

6

Cockatoos have pronounced production of ______ that can produce allergic reactions in some people.

powder down (dusty feathers)

7

How can you tell a male Cockatiel from a female?

males have a bright grey path and females have a bar under their tail

8

How can you tell a male Budgerigar from a female?

the male has blue on the top of the beak(cere), the female has pink/red

9

How can you tell a male Eclectus Parrot from a female?

sexual dimorphism: males are green females are red/blue

10

What group of birds is susceptible to hemochromatosis (iron storage disease)

Lories/Lorikeets

11

What are the two subspecies of the African Grey Parrot?

Congo(most common), Timneh

12

What is the most intelligent psittacine species?

African Grey Parrot

13

T/F African Grey's produce feather dander though not as much as in cockatoos.

true

14

An international agreement between governments to ensure that trade does not threaten the survival of wild animals and plants

CITES (Convention on International Trade in Endangered Species of Wild Fauna and Flora)

15

Accumulation of serous fluid in the peritoneal cavity

ascites

16

Excessive accumulation of fluid in body tissue

edema

17

Sternum of a bird

keel

18

Why shouldn't a cardboard box be used to transport a bird?

they can chew through it

19

____ is a way for birds to conserve body heat and energy

fluffing

20

____ is the best anticoagulant for an avian hemogram.

EDTA

21

_____ whole blood usually produces a larger plasma yield than serum samples

heparin

22

A maximum of ____ of the total blood volume of a bird's body weight can be taken.

10%

23

If a bird is unaccustomed to restraint, the stress involved can create a physiologic falsely elevated _____

leukocytosis

24

T/F Birds have two jugular veins; the right is the preferred site for venipuncture because it is the larger of the two.

true

25

T/F Using the right jugular veing can present as a risk since dorsal to the jugular vein lies the cervicocephalic air sac, and ventral to the vessel is the crop.

true

26

Which venipuncuncture site is a very stable vessel with little mobility, which helps reduce the risk of hematoma formation.

medial metatarsal vein

27

The _______ is the best phlebotomy site because it can be bandaged and the bird can be released immediately

medial metatarsal vein

28

How do you test for hydration in birds?

using the modified skin tenting evaluation

29

Avian's ears lack ____

pinnae

30

Psittacines have gram-positive flora because of their ____ diet, in contrast carnivorous birds have _______ flora

vegetarian, gram-negative

31

A bird's abdomen is occasionally called a

coelom or coelomic cavity

32

The general physical examination of birds should be system and completed within ___ mins or less.

5

33

A complete and thorough physical examination requires what 3 things?

1) proper restraint 2) close monitoring of bird for indications of stress 3) the ability to give the patient breaks as needed

34

How is species defined?

as a single distinct class sharing specific DNA and physical features that differentiate them from other species

35

A _____ is a population within a population sharing most of the same physical characteristic and DNA structure.

subspecies

36

A visible effect of a change in the DNA structure of an animal which results in offspring that display one or more characteristics that is different than that of the parent's

mutation

37

A ___ is a very archaic term that refers to a one-time visible change in an animal or bird, which differs from a hybrid because it cannot be reproduced in subsequent breeding.

sport

38

A genetically pure line of animal with consistent and predictable traits with little or no variation.

breed

39

An inherited DNA defect where an animal cannot produce melanin.

albino

40

The most common complication is _____.

regurgitation

41

Placement of a stainless steel ball tipped tube: 1) the tube is inserted from the ___ commisure of the beak and gently passed _____ to the bird's ___ and into the esophagus 2) Take caution at this stage not to damage the ____(slit in the roof of the mouth) or enter the _____ 3) Pass the tube over the ____ and into the esophagus 4) check correct placement of the tube by feeling for the distal tip at the level of the _____ inlet

1) left, caudo-dorsally, right 2) choana, trachea 3) tongue 4) thoracic

42

Generally for wing cutting cut the outer ___ to six primaries on both wings half way between the overlying covert and the distal tip of the primary.

4

43

T/F Wing feather clips do not completely eliminate a bird’s ability to fly.

true

44

How do you prevent bleeding after cutting a blood feather?

1) remove the feather from the follicle with pliers 2) apply Kwik Stop as a pro-coagulant to help stop bleeding 3) apply direct and moderate pressure to the follicle with a sterile gauze pad for at least 1 minute

45

Dilution with nonacidic juice or water is indicated in ____ exposures.

oral

46

When ocular exposure occurs, the patient's eyes should be flushed with sterile saline for ____ minutes.

5-10mins

47

A dermal exposure to cleaning products is treated by a thorough bath in mild _______ soap followed by rinsing in clean water.

hand liquid dish washing

48

The most common sites for SQ fluid administration are?

the intrascapular and inguinal regions

49

For IM injections in psittacine birds, the large _____ muscles are used.

pectoral

50

T/F The crop and the clavicular air sac are located proximal to the cranial margin of the keel, and the coelmic cavity is located distal to the caudal margin of the keel and must be avoided when administering an IM injection.

true

51

The IM injection should be administered where the muscles is the ____ and closest to the midline of the keel.

thickest

52

What species is this?

canary

53

What species is this?

zebra finch

54

What species is this?

mynah

55

What species is this?

muscovy duck

56

What species is this?

Hyacinth macaw

57

What species is this?

Scarlet macaw

58

What species?

Green-winged macaw

59

What species?

Blue and gold macaw

60

What species?

Hybrid macaw

61

What species?

Military macaw

62

What species?

Hahn's mini macaw

63

What species?

Yellow-collared macaw (mini)

64

What species?

Double Yellow-headed amazon parrot

65

What species?

Blue-Fronted amazon parrot

66

What species?

Lilac-crowned amazon parrot

67

What species?

Yellow-naped amazon parrot

68

What species?

Red-lored amazon parrot

69

What species?

White-Capped (crowned) pionus

70

What species?

Blue-headed pionus

71

What species?

Maximillian's Pionus

72

What species?

Dusky pionus

73

What species?

Plum-Crowned pionus

74

What species?

Pacific (Celestial) Parrotlets

75

What species?

Yellow-faced Parrotlet

76

What species?

Moluccan Cockatoo

77

What species?

Nanday Conure

78

What species?

Cherry-headed conure

79

What species?

Green-cheeked conure

80

What species?

Black-headed (capped) Caique

81

What species?

White-bellied Caique

82

What species?

Umbrella (white) Cockatoo

83

What species?

Sulphur-crested Cockatoo

84

What species?

Triton Cockatoo

85

What species?

Major Mitchell's (Leadbeater's) Cockatoo

86

What species?

Bare-eyed Cockatoo

87

What species?

Rose-breasted (Galah) Cockatoo

88

What species?

Palm Cockatoo

89

What group?

Cockatiel

90

What group?

Budgerigars

91

Group? Species?

Group-Austrailian Grass Parakeets

Species (left to right): Splendid Parakeet, Rock Pebbler Parakeet, Bourker's Parakeet

92

Group? Species?

Group-Rosellas

Species (left to right): Crimson Rosella, Golden Mantled Rosella

93

What group? Which is male and female?

Eclectus Parrots, green is male, female is red

94

Species?

Rainbow Lory/Lorikeet

95

Species?

Dusky Lory

96

Species?

Black-capped Lory

97

Species?

Tahitian Lory

98

Group? Species?

Ring-neck Parakeets, Alexandrine Parakeet

99

Group? Species?

Ring-Neck Parakeets, Indian Ring-Neck Parakeets

100

Species?

Peach-Faced Lovebird

101

Species?

Black Masked Lovebird

102

Species?

Abyssinian Lovebird

103

Species?

Fischer's Lovebird

104

Species?

Blue Masked Lovebird

105

Group?

Senegal Parrot

106

Species?

Lutino(all white) Cockatiel

107

What is the name of this device?

Miami Vice

108

What vein is this? Species?

Jugular vein, Moluccan Cockatoo

109

What vein?

Medial Metatarsal Vein

110

What vein?

Basilic vein

111

Name a nonparrot.

Toucan, Mynah

112

What site is this? What is it used for?

Intrascapular, SQ fluids

113

What site is this? What is it used for?

Inguinal, SQ fluids

114

What site is this? What is it used for?

Prolateral, SQ fluids

115

What sites are these? What are they used for?

Large pectoral muscles, IM injections