BB 22- Japanese Quail Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in BB 22- Japanese Quail Deck (81)
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1

What is the genus and species of the Japanese quail?

Coturnix japonica

2

What are they used for in research?

Developmental biology, endocrinology, aging, immunology, behavior studies, and human genetic disorders

3

What is their average life span in the wild? In captivity?

2-3 years
1.5-2.5 years

4

What order do they belong to?
What family do they belong to?

Galliformes
Phasianidae

5

What is there incubation time?

16 days

6

Quail interphase nuclei have nucleoli with compact ___________
that stains intensely with _________ _______.
Why does this matter?

Heterochromatin
Schiff's reagent

Quail cells can be distinguished from chicken cells in chimeric embryos.

7

The embryo is an amniote. What does that mean? What is the advantages for the study of an amniote

Early developmental pattern similar to humans.
Rapid reproductive maturation, adult are modest size, easily bred in lab, transgenic available, and fully sequenced genome.

8

What is Pompe's disease?

Glycogen storage disease characterized by myotonic dystrophy and acid maltase deficiency.

9

2 advantages of using quail to study aging

1. Hypothalamic systems exhibit neuroplasticity (aging males respond to hormone replacement therapy
2. Exhibit a bone dynamic physiology (validated model for hormone effects on osteoporosis and the role of vitamin d

10

T/F adults are sexually dimorphic
If T- how?

True
Plumage coloration

11

Treatment with _________ results in decreased bacterial counts, decreased foan production, and decreased fertility

Fluoroquinolones

12

What allows for prolonged sperm motility?

Cloacal gland secretes a white foamy material during copulation that can be retained by the female for more than 12 hours,

13

Greatest sensitivity of auditory range is?

1 - 4 kHz

14

Quail spend ____% of their time on ________ so should be provided with an opportunity to exhibit that behavior.

8
Foraging

15

T/F the provision of perches is required

F. Quail spend little time on elevated surfaces.

16

T/F Quail engage in several dust bath sessions daily

T- most often in the late afternoon.
If not provided, exhibit "vacuum dust bathing" where behaviors are still expressed.

17

T/F captive quail can be polygamous or monogamous

T

18

T/F Males are more receptive to females when introduced in the males cage

T

19

Avian sex chromosomes are ____ & _____

Z & W

20

Male sex chromosomes are ____ and females are _____

Males- ZZ
Females- ZW

21

For genotyping, the ________ a highly vascularized membrane in close contact with the pores of the eggshell to facilitate gas exchange, can be used to isolate genomic DNA.

Mesoderm-derived chorioallantoic membrane ( CAM)

22

What is inbreeding depression?

Reduces population fitness via decreased hatchability, viability, and fertility

23

What is the NPIP?

National Poultry Improvement Plan
Provides flock certification program to facilitate international transfer of eggs and birds.

24

Eggs must be stored at ______.
Storage at _____will cause embryonic cell death

Must store at 13 degrees Celsius

4 degree Celsius causes death

25

Name the 3 housing types

Poultry battery cages

Indoor floor pens

Semi-natural outdoor aviaries

26

Battery cages with sloped floors are good because they ________ ______ ______ but also result in an __________ ___________

Facilitate egg collection

Impoverished environment resulting in foot lesions, beak deformities, and bone fractures

27

Birds housed in deep litter floor pens demonstrate significantly (increased/decreased) cortisol levels and mortality

Increased

28

Minimum space recommendations for quail

0.25 square feet floor area/bird

29

Ideal temperatures for an aviary room is

22-25 degree Celsius

30

Cage height should be less than ______cm but at least ______ cm to allow for birds to have a normal posture when standing.

25 cm

20 cm