Flashcards in AWA questions Deck (140)
Year first laboratory animal welfare act was published
What was primarily covered by the 1966 Laboratory animal Act
dogs were of primary interest, covered animal holding facilities (ie before and after research, not during)
What year was the 1st revision of the AWA
1970, renamed animal welfare act
What was primarily covered by the 1970 amendment to the AWA
research facilities were required to file annual report, pain categories, included zoos, circuses, all warm blooded animal species
the 1976 AWA amendment included what?
prohibited animal fighting ventures and transport for, expanded animal transportation requirements
the 1985 AWA amendment included what?
exercise requirement, IACUC, AWIC,
the 1990 AWA amendment included what?
5 day holding period
AWA definition of animal
any living or dead, dog , cat, non human primate, guinea pig, hamster, rabbit or any other warm-blooded animal which is being used for research, teaching, testing, experimentation, or exhibition purposes except birds, mice of the genus Mus and rats of the genus Rattus
definition of major operative procedure by AWA
body cavity is penetrated, produces permanent impairment of physical or psychological functions
definition of primary enclosure
structure or device used to restrict an animal to a limited amount of space
what is a study area as defined by the AWA?
any building, room, area, or enclosure outside a core facility in which animals are housed for >12hrs
definition of sanitize
to make physically clean and to remove and destroy to the maximum degree practical, agents injurious to health
definition of dealer
any person who, in commerce, for compensation or profit, delivers for transportation, or transports, except as a carrier, buys, or sells, or negotiates the sale of, (1) any dog or other animal whether alive or dead for research, teaching, exhibition, or use as a pet, or (2) any dog for hunting, security, or breeding purposes
exceptions to the definition of dealer
- a retail pet store, except if such store sells to a research facility
- any person who does not derive no more than $500 gross income from the sale of other animals during any calendar year.
This comes from part 1, part 2 has a larger number of exceptions.
AWA definition of animal
any live or dead dog, cat, monkey (nonhuman primate mammal), guinea pig, hamster, rabbit, or other such warm-blooded animal, as the Secretary may determine is being used, or is intended for use, for research, testing, experimentation, exhibition purposes, or as a pet
exclusion to AWA definition of animal
- rats of the genus Rattus bred for research
- mice of the genus Mus bred for research
- horses not used for research purposes
other farm animals, such as, but not limited to livestock, or poultry used or intended for use for improving animal nutrition, breeding, management, or production efficiency, or for improving the quality of food or fiber.
when would a retail pet store need to be licensed as a dealer
when they sell any dog or cat to a dealer or research facility and derive a substantial portion of their income (as determined by the Secretary) from the breeding and raising of dogs or cats on his own premises
holding period for dealer or exhibitor
5 business days
what entities are required to be licensed under the AWA?
dealers and exhibitors (see definitions above)
what entities are required to be registered under the AWA?
every research facility, every intermediate handler, every carrier, and every exhibitor not licensed under 2133 of this title
What persons can sell animals to a research facility but are exempted from obtaining a license
any retail pet store or other person who derives less than a substantial portion of his income from the breeding and raising of dogs or cats on his own premises and sells any such dog or cat to a dealer or research facility
what should the facility inspection report include?
signed by a majority of the Committee members involved in the inspection
include reports of any violations
include any minority views of the Committee
include any other information pertinent to the actitity
how long should the inspection certification report be kept on file?
at least 3 years
for federal research facilities, to whom should deviations be reported?
The head of the Federal agency conducting the research
What 4 components are required to be part of the training provided to scientists, technicians, and other personell involved with animal care?
1) humane practice of animal maintenance and experimentation
2) research or testing methods that minimize or eliminate the use of animals or limit animal pain or distress
3) utilization of the information services at AWIC
4) methods whereby deficiencies in animal care and treatment should be reported.
how often will the Secretary inspect each research facility?
once each year, and in the case of deficiencies or deviations conduct follow-up inspections
what is the definition of a field study under AWA?
a study conducted on free-living wild animals in their natural habitat. However, this term excludes any study that involves an invasive procedure, harms, or materially alters the behavior of an animal under study.
definition of indoor housing facility
must be capable of controlling temperature
enclosed with a roof, floor, and walls continuous connection
at least one door for entry and exit, any windows or openings must be covered with glass or hard plastic
definition of non-conditioned animal
animals which have not been subjected to special care and treatment for sufficient time to stabilize, and where necessary, to improve their health