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Flashcards in Occ Health Guidelines Deck (123)
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1

What does NRC stand for?

National Research Council

2

What organization does the NRC operate?

National Academy of Engineering
National Academy of Sciences

3

List 4 major NRC reports pertaining to guidance in environmental health and safety of lab workers

Prudent practices for handling hazardous chemicals in the laboratory
2) Prudent practices for sidposal of chemicals from laboratories
3) Biosafety in the laboratory: Prudent practices for the handling and disposal of infectious materials
4) Prudent practices in the laboratory: handling and disposing of chemicals

4

What does IRAC stand for?

Interagency Research Animal Committee

5

What does PRIM&R stand for?

Public Responsibility in Medicine and REsearch

6

What does ARENA stand for?

Applied Research Ethics National Association

7

What does OSHA stand for?

Occupational Safety and Health Administration

8

What does EPA stand for?

Environmental Protection Agency

9

What are the basic concepts that determine the effectiveness of an Occ HEalth program?

Kowing the hazard
Avoiding and controlling exposures
Training and education
Rules and guidelines
Consistency
Record keeping and monitoring
Commitment and Coordination

10

What are the 5 institutional functions needed for an OHS program?

Animal care and use
research
environmental health and safety
occupational health
administration and management

11

What % of people with pre-existing allergies might develop animal allergies?

30%

12

List key elements of OHS program?

Administrative procedures
Facilit design and operation
Exposure control
Education and training
Occupational health
Equipment performance
Information management
Emergency procedures
Program evaluation

13

List factors to be considered in performing a risk assessment of employees with animal contact?

Animal contact
Exposure intensity
Exposure frequency
Physical and biological hazards from animal
Hazardous properties of agents used in protocol
Employee susceptibility
Occupational health history of an employee doing similar work

14

Who is ultimately responsible for an institutions OHS program?

senior official of an institution

15

What is the objective of an OHS program?

To minimize risks of occupational injury or illness by controlling or eliminating hazards in the workplace

16

NRC does not recommend serum collection/storage as standard components of an OHS program. T/F

True

17

NRC does recommend a physical exam as the principal surveillance tool for periodic health evaluations.

False, recommends a careful history based on knowledge of workplace risks. PE should be done when symptoms of work place illness become evident

18

What is the goal of an OHS program? What should the focus of the program be?

Goal- to prevent occupational injury and illness
Focus- control hazards and reduction of risk as opposed to merely satisfying regulations

19

Who is responsible/accountable for design of OHS program? Who has ultimate responsibility?

Institution has ultimate responsibility
also, program managers, program implementors, employees

20

What are the responsibilities of the institution?

Understand the issues
provide guidance
establish support institutional policies
authority to provide resources
bring together program managers and implementors

21

Program managers can include whom?

Health professionals
safety professionals
veterinarians
animal-facility managers or supervisors
research directors and scientists
lab supervisuors
human resources and finance personnel
legal advisors
environmental experts
facility engineers

22

What is a safety program implementors key responsibility? Other responsibilities?

Training is key responsibility. other: providing appropriate PPE, providing appropriate facilities, ensuring compliance of subordinate staff with established procedures and practices

23

Institutions typically choose to address the exposures that are causing the greatetst costs. T/F

True

24

List three types of control/prevention strategies for controlling OHS risks (occupational illness/injury)

primary prevention- control/eliminate hazards
secondary prevention- premorbid case detection
tertiary prevention- case finding and disease management

25

Who is responsible for identification of hazards in the workplace?

Everyone

26

What does MSDS stand for?

Material Safety Data Sheets

27

What does NIOSH stand for?

National Institue for Occupational Safety and Health

28

Define risk vs hazard

risk- measure of the likelihood of a consequence
hazard- inherent danger in a material or system

29

What is the principal objective of an OHS program?

To reduce to an acceptable level the risk associated with using material or systems that might have inherent danger

30

What are some institutional sources about worker health and safety?

Workers compensation ins
first report of illness/injury
OSHA 200 log
first aid log
occupational health log
adverse reaction reports