Flashcards in Occ Health Guidelines Deck (123)
What does NRC stand for?
National Research Council
What organization does the NRC operate?
National Academy of Engineering
National Academy of Sciences
List 4 major NRC reports pertaining to guidance in environmental health and safety of lab workers
Prudent practices for handling hazardous chemicals in the laboratory
2) Prudent practices for sidposal of chemicals from laboratories
3) Biosafety in the laboratory: Prudent practices for the handling and disposal of infectious materials
4) Prudent practices in the laboratory: handling and disposing of chemicals
What does IRAC stand for?
Interagency Research Animal Committee
What does PRIM&R stand for?
Public Responsibility in Medicine and REsearch
What does ARENA stand for?
Applied Research Ethics National Association
What does OSHA stand for?
Occupational Safety and Health Administration
What does EPA stand for?
Environmental Protection Agency
What are the basic concepts that determine the effectiveness of an Occ HEalth program?
Kowing the hazard
Avoiding and controlling exposures
Training and education
Rules and guidelines
Record keeping and monitoring
Commitment and Coordination
What are the 5 institutional functions needed for an OHS program?
Animal care and use
environmental health and safety
administration and management
What % of people with pre-existing allergies might develop animal allergies?
List key elements of OHS program?
Facilit design and operation
Education and training
List factors to be considered in performing a risk assessment of employees with animal contact?
Physical and biological hazards from animal
Hazardous properties of agents used in protocol
Occupational health history of an employee doing similar work
Who is ultimately responsible for an institutions OHS program?
senior official of an institution
What is the objective of an OHS program?
To minimize risks of occupational injury or illness by controlling or eliminating hazards in the workplace
NRC does not recommend serum collection/storage as standard components of an OHS program. T/F
NRC does recommend a physical exam as the principal surveillance tool for periodic health evaluations.
False, recommends a careful history based on knowledge of workplace risks. PE should be done when symptoms of work place illness become evident
What is the goal of an OHS program? What should the focus of the program be?
Goal- to prevent occupational injury and illness
Focus- control hazards and reduction of risk as opposed to merely satisfying regulations
Who is responsible/accountable for design of OHS program? Who has ultimate responsibility?
Institution has ultimate responsibility
also, program managers, program implementors, employees
What are the responsibilities of the institution?
Understand the issues
establish support institutional policies
authority to provide resources
bring together program managers and implementors
Program managers can include whom?
animal-facility managers or supervisors
research directors and scientists
human resources and finance personnel
What is a safety program implementors key responsibility? Other responsibilities?
Training is key responsibility. other: providing appropriate PPE, providing appropriate facilities, ensuring compliance of subordinate staff with established procedures and practices
Institutions typically choose to address the exposures that are causing the greatetst costs. T/F
List three types of control/prevention strategies for controlling OHS risks (occupational illness/injury)
primary prevention- control/eliminate hazards
secondary prevention- premorbid case detection
tertiary prevention- case finding and disease management
Who is responsible for identification of hazards in the workplace?
What does MSDS stand for?
Material Safety Data Sheets
What does NIOSH stand for?
National Institue for Occupational Safety and Health
Define risk vs hazard
risk- measure of the likelihood of a consequence
hazard- inherent danger in a material or system
What is the principal objective of an OHS program?
To reduce to an acceptable level the risk associated with using material or systems that might have inherent danger