Bio Med - Day 1b Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 1b Deck (48)
1

Benign Tumor of the Intermetatarsal Plantar Nerve

Morton's Neuroma

2

Symptoms of Morton's Neuroma

Pain and Numbness, sometimes relieved by movement; patient feels like they have a pebble in their shoe

3

Treatment for Morton's Neuroma

Orthotics & Corticosteroid Injections

4

An inflammation of a thick band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the toes

Plantar Fasciitis

5

Symptoms of Plantar Fasciitis

Symptoms include stabbing pain near the heel. Pain might be worst in the morning

6

What is the most common cause of heel pain

Plantar Fasciitis

7

Medication for reducing Uric Acid (in treatment of Gout or Kidney stones)

Allopurinol

8

What are the risk factors for Cholelithiasis (4 "Fs")

Female; Fat; Forty; Fertile (pregnant)

9

Where will a patient experience the pain of a Gallbladder problem

Right upper Quadrant

10

What type of pain is associated with Pancreatitis

Epigastric pain going towards the back

11

What type of pain is associated with Kidney Stone

Flank pain - can go to the groin area

12

What type of pain is associated with Aortic Abdominal Aneurism

Abdominal pain that goes towards the back

13

What are the causes of Cholecystitis (Inflammation of the Gallbladder)

Gallstone or chronic illness

14

Symptoms of Cholecystitis

Right Upper Quadrant Pain, Nausea, Vomiting, Fever

15

What test is physically done in order to help diagnose Cholecystitis

Murphy's Sign - inspiratory arrest on deep palpation of the RUQ d/t pain

16

What type of test is used to identify a Kidney Stone

CT Scan; X-Ray

17

What type of test is used to identify a Gall Stone

Ultrasound

18

Specifically characteristic or indicative of a particular disease or condition

Pathognomonic

19

What condition results from the autodigestion of Pancreas by Pancreatic Enzymes

Acute Pancreatitis

20

Causes of Acute Pancreatitis "GET SMASHED"

Most Common = Gallstone; Ethanol (booze); Trauma
Less Common = Steroids; Mumps; Autoimmune Disease; Scorpion Sting; Hypercalcemia/Hypertrygliceridemia; Drugs (Sulfa Drugs specifically)

21

What enzymes will be elevated during Acute Pancreatitis

Lipase and Amylase

22

Chronic Inflammation, Atrophy, and Calcification of the Pancreas is indicative of what condition

Chronic Pancreatitis

23

Most common causes of Chronic Pancreatitis in adults? Children?

In Adult - Alcohol
In Children - Cystic Fibrosis

24

What is the test for Cystic Fibrosis

Sweat Chloride Test

25

What are the 3 important symptoms when diagnosing Pancreatitis

Steatorrhea (fat in the stool); DM, high blood glucose; pancreatic calcification on a CT Scan;

These patients will experience Fat-Soluable vitamin deficiency (A, D, E, K);

26

What is the most common site of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma (cancer)

75% of it is in the head of the Pancreas

27

What would a patient's history look like with Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Abdominal Pain; Obstructive Jaundice; Weight Loss

28

Signs and Symptoms of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Abdominal pain radiating to back; Migratory Thrombophlebitis; Couvorsier Sign (palpable & non tender Gallbladder)

29

Risk Factors of Pancreatic Adenocarcinoma

Tobacco use; Chronic Pancreatitis; DM; > 50 yrs old; of Jewish or African American decent

30

An abnormal condition in which multiple thromboses appear in both superficial and deep veins. It may be associated with malignancy, especially carcinoma of the pancreas, often preceding other evidence of cancer by several months. Pulmonary embolism is uncommon with this condition

migratory thrombophlebitis (also known as trousseau's syndrome)

31

pancreatoduodenectomy is a complex operation to remove part of the pancreas, part of the small intestine and the gallbladder

Whipple Procedure

32

What is abdominal pain, radiating to the back, jaundice, a gallbladder that is enlarged but not painful, migratory thrombophlebitis, a sign of

Pancreatic Cancer

33

Definitive diagnostic test of cancer

biopsy

34

Imaging scope for bladder

cystoscopy

35

Most common cause of Hyperthyroidism

Grave's disease

36

Symptoms specific to Grave's Disease

Exophthalmos = Eyeballs popping out
Pretibial Myexaderma; thyroid bruits

37

Symptoms specific to Grave's Disease

Exophthalmos = Eyeballs popping out
Pretibial Myexedema; thyroid bruits

38

Serious complication of Hypothyroidism

Myxedema Coma

39

What is the most common drug used for Hypothyroidism

Levothyroxine

40

Drug of Choice for Hypothyroidism

Levothyroxine

41

Side Effect of Ibuprofen

GI bleeding

42

Side effect of Tylenol (Acetametophin)

Liver damage/toxicity

43

Which drug makes the pupil very small/point

Opioid

44

Common SSRIs

Paxil; Zoloft; Prozac; Celexa

45

Drug of choice for Hyperthyroidism

Methimazole

46

Rare life threatening clinical condition that represents severe hypothyroidism with physiological decompensation

Myxedema Coma

47

Adrenal insufficiency condition; HYPER PIGMENTATION OF THE SKIN (dark tan skin color); fatigue; muscle weakness; (remember JFK)

Addison's disease

48

life-threatening health condition that is associated with untreated or underrated hyperthyroidism; during the event, the patient will experience a rise in BP, body temp., and heart rate

Thyroid Storm