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Flashcards in Bio Med - Day 1a Deck (47)
1

A tumor with abnormal growth in the body; can be benign or malignant

Neoplasm

2

Tumor that is non-cancerous

Benign Tumor

3

Tumor that is cancerous

Malignant Tumor

4

How is cancer named?

For the origin of the cancer

5

A ______tumor can only grow locally, and cannot spread by invasion or metastasis

Benign Tumor

6

What is the definitive criteria for Malignancy

Metastasis

7

The development of secondary malignant growths at a distance from a primary site of cancer

Metastasis

8

What is an example of a type of cancer that DOES NOT have a strong metastatic characteristic

Basal Cell Carcinoma

9

Benign fatty tumor

Lipoma

10

Benign bone tumor

Osteoma

11

Benign smooth muscle tumor

Leiomyoma

12

Benign striated muscle tumor

Rhabdomyoma

13

Type of cancer that develops from Epithelial cells

Carcinoma

14

Malignant tumor of the connective tissue

Sarcoma

15

Benign tumor of the nerve tissue

Neuroma

16

4 basic types of tissues

Epithelial; Connective; Muscle; Nerve

17

3 types of Skin Cancer

1. Basal Cell Carcinoma
2. Squamous Cell Carcinoma
3. Melanoma

18

A scaly plaque that is the precursor of Squamous Cell Carcinoma

Actinic Keratosis

19

Blackening/Darkening of the skin in crease or fold areas of the body; seen in patients with Diabetes

Acanthosis Nigricans

20

Skin condition that causes flat-topped, purple, itchy (pruritic)rash that is not contagious; it can appear on the skin and/or the mucous membrane

Lichen Planus

21

What do you call the sign when you scrape off a psoriasis scale, and it bleeds

Auztpitz Sign

22

Given how important depth is when concerning Melanoma, how do doctors test for the depth of the growths

Using Breslow's Depth

23

What device is used when testing ROM (Range of Motion)

Goniometer

24

_______ROM is when a patient performs the exercise, and _______ROM is when the therapist performs the exercise.

Active ROM, and Passive ROM

25

What is the family of isoenzymes responsible for the biotransformation of several drugs; major enzyme involved with drug metabolism

Cytochrome P450 or CYP 450

26

An ______ makes particular drugs weaker; one in particular is __________

Inducer; St. John's Wort

27

An _______ makes particular drugs (statins) stronger; one in particular is __________

Inhibitor; Grapefruit Juice

28

What is Saw Palmetto used for

BPH

29

What is St. John's Wort used for

Depression

30

What Vitamins are fat soluble

A, D, E, K

31

What Vitamins are water soluble

B, C

32

What is the #1 side effect of Vit E toxicity and what drugs should be avoided concurrently

Bleeding (easily bruising); Warfarin (Coumadin)

33

Yellowing of the palms of the hands, and soles of the feet

Carotenemia

34

Which of the muscle types are striated

Skeletal & Cardiac

35

Which of the muscle types are non-striated

Smooth

36

Which of the muscle types are voluntary

Skeletal Muscle

37

Which of the muscle types are involuntary

Smooth & Cardiac

38

Which of the muscle types are Multinucleated

Skeletal

39

Which of the muscle types has a single nucleus

Smooth & Cardiac

40

What are examples of Epithelial Tissues, and some of the functions

GI track, Hollow organs, & Skin Surface; lining, transport, secretions, and absorptions

41

What are examples of Connective Tissues, and some of the functions

Bone, Tendon, Fat; Support, Strength and Elasticity

42

What are examples of Muscular Tissues, and some of the functions

Cardiac, Smooth, & Skeletal; movement

43

What are examples of Nervous Tissues, and some of the functions

Brain, Spinal Cord, & Nerves; Information, Synthesis, Communication & Control

44

What type of skin cancer has the highest rate of metastasis and the most common cause of skin cancer death

Melanoma

45

A hormone-secreting tumor that can occur in the adrenal glands

pheochromocytoma

46

A type of germ cell tumor that may contain several types of body tissue

Teratoma

47

Drugs that Grapefruit juice can interact with in an "inhibitory" way (making them stronger)

Statins - Zocor, simvastain; Lipitor, atorvastatin; Pravachol, pravastatin